Jan Heemskerk

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His Excellency
Jan Heemskerk
Jan Heemskerk Azn (1818-1897), after Heinrich Wilhelm Wollrabe.jpg
Portrait by Johan Heinrich Neuman, 1896
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
23 April 1883 – 20 April 1888
MonarchWilliam III
Preceded byTheo van Lynden van Sandenburg
Succeeded byÆneas, Baron Mackay
In office
27 August 1874 – 3 November 1877
MonarchWilliam III
Preceded byGerrit de Vries
Succeeded byJan Kappeyne van de Coppello
Personal details
BornJan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon
(1818-07-30)30 July 1818
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died9 October 1897(1897-10-09) (aged 79)
The Hague, Netherlands
Spouse(s)Anna Maria Heemskerk
Children8
OccupationLawyer

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon (Dutch pronunciation: [jɑn ˈɦeːmskɛrk ˈaːbraːɦɑmsˌsoːn]; 30 July 1818 – 9 October 1897) was a Dutch politician who served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1874 to 1877, and again from 1883 to 1888. His son, Theo Heemskerk also served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers.

Biography[edit]

Jan Heemskerk c. 1860

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon was born on 30 July 1818 in Amsterdam. He was the son of Abraham Heemskerk and Joanna Jacoba Stuart.[1]

He studied law and became a lawyer, then a member of the House of Representatives. Originally a liberal politician, he became a conservative in 1866, and remained this in his Premiership.

He was three times Ministers of the Interior (1866–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888) and three times temporary chairman of the Council of Ministers, similar to the present-day Prime Minister, (1867–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888). He was Minister of State from 1885 to his death.[1]

Heemskerk died on 9 October 1897, at the age of 79, in The Hague.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Heemskerk married his first cousin Anna Maria Heemskerk on 1 October 1846 in Utrecht. They had 5 sons, one of whom died in infancy, and 3 daughters.[1] His son Theo Heemskerk (1852–1932) was Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1908 to 1913.[2] His son Jan Frederik Heemskerk (1867–1944) was a member of the House of Representatives.[3]

Published works[edit]

Heemskerk's published works include

  • De praktijk onzer grondwet. 2 vols. (Utrecht: J. L. Beijers, 1881.)
  • Speciminis inauguralis de Montesquivio pars prior [-altera]. 2 vols. (Amstelodami: J.H. et G. van Heteren, 1839.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (in Dutch) Mr.Dr. J. (Jan) Heemskerk Azn., Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Mr. Th. (Theo) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  3. ^ (in Dutch) J.F. (Jan) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Johan Herman Geertsema
Minister of the Interior
1866–1868
Succeeded by
Cornelis Fock
Minister of the Interior
1874–1877
Succeeded by
Willem Six
Preceded by
Gerrit de Vries
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
1874–1877
Succeeded by
Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello
Preceded by
Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk
Minister of the Interior
1883–1888
Succeeded by
Æneas, Baron Mackay
Preceded by
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
1883–1888