|Full name||John Thomas Godfray Hope Doeg|
|Country (sports)||United States|
December 7, 1908|
Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico
|Died||April 27, 1978
Redding, CA, United States
|Height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Turned pro||1927 (amateur tour)|
|Plays||Left-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1962 (member page)|
|Highest ranking||No. 4 (1930)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|US Open||W (1930)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|US Open||W (1929, 1930)|
John Thomas Godfray Hope Doeg (December 7, 1908 – April 27, 1978) was a male tennis player from the United States.
In August 1929 Doeg won the singles title at the Seabright Invitational defeating Richard Norris Williams in three straight sets. About a year later he fulfilled his promise and won his first and only major singles tournament, the 1930 U.S. National Championships at Forrest Hills, defeating Frank Shields in the final in four sets. He proceeded to reach a career-high singles world ranking of No. 4 in the same year.
In 1962 he was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
Although his name is not well known today Doeg in his heyday was often considered among the premier servers in tennis history:
We are able, thanks to [Henri Cochet]'s conclusions, to study the deliveries of three great servers of the past few years—Tilden, Vines and Doeg. Opinions will vary as to their comparative effectiveness as well as some of their other qualities. Certainly no one will deny that in their services the three players named possessed assets of tremendous value. It would be of great interest to obtain opinions of the varying degree of game winning value possessed by each.
There was this difference between the three men: Doeg’s service was his chief weapon, and once he had broken through an opponent he was thought to be certain of winning that set. With Tilden and Vines the service was only one of many weapons, and it was employed intermittently and sometimes kept in reserve for time of need.
McLoughlin was a terror in storming the net behind his service, and Doeg's left-handed service, one of the two or three best of all time, was so demoralizing that it constituted a mental hazard for his opponent. The latter was always harried with the thought that if he ever lost his own service, the set was gone, so seldom was anyone able to break through Doeg's. The story goes that in a Davis Cup test doubles match between Doeg and George Lott, and Tilden and Frank Hunter in 1928, Hunter, in the right court, never was able to return Doeg's service safely once in an entire set that went to 12-10, so cleverly did Doeg place it and so sharp a break did it take from the corner.
Budge, however, was careful to note the shortcomings of the rest of Doeg's game. In his 1969 memoir Budge observes, "John never achieved the greatest stature in the sport because many facets of his game, his ground strokes, for instance, were somewhat lacking," before proclaiming Doeg "one of the most effective servers of all time":
The argument about who is the premier server is invariably restricted to include only Tilden, Vines, and Gonzales, but you should have seen Doeg. He did not hit it quite as hard as Vines, but with that big left-handed move, he came around with a slice that actually knocked the ball lopsided. I mean that. Doeg turned the ball into an ellipse, and try hitting that back. The players referred to it as "John's egg-ball." Besides, when Doeg's serve in the ad court bounced it would fly crazily off to the side, and no man could chase it down. If you did manage to get the ball back, just reaching the return carried you so far out of the court that there was no chance you could make it back in time to get Doeg's return. However, since John had little more proclivity for returning serve than losing serve, all his matches were forever running to 18-16. You never broke Doeg's serve. You outlasted it.
Grand Slam finals
Singles (1 title)
|Winner||1930||U.S. Championships||Grass||Frank Shields||10–8, 1–6, 6–4, 16–14|
Doubles (2 titles, 1 runner-up)
|Winner||1929||U.S. National Championships||Grass||George Lott|| Berkeley Bell
|10–8, 16–14, 6–1|
|Runner-up||1930||Wimbledon Championships||Grass||George Lott|| Wilmer Allison
John Van Ryn
|3–6, 3–6, 2–6|
|Winner||1930||U.S. National Championships||Grass||George Lott|| John Van Ryn
|8–6, 6–3, 4–6, 13–15, 6–4|
- "Details About Players". American Lawn Tennis. New York. 5 Sep 1932.
- Kehrling Béla, ed. (20 Nov 1930). "A világ legjobb tiz férfijátékosa" [The World's Top 10 Male Players] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian). Budapest, Hungary: Bethlen Gábor irod. és Nyomdai RT. II (21): 398. Retrieved 16 Aug 2015.
- "Doeg Becomes One of Tennis Ranking Stars". Miami News. 3 Aug 1929.
- "John H. Doeg, 69, Won 1930 Title As U.S. Singles Tennis Champion". New York Times. June 2, 1978.
- "Three Services". American Lawn Tennis. New York. Nov 1932.
- Budge, J. Donald (1939). Budge on Tennis. New York: Prentice-Hall. pp. 51–52.
- Budge, Don (1969). Don Budge: A Tennis Memoir. New York: Viking. pp. 73–74.
- Doeg, John; Danzig, Allison (1931). Elements of Lawn Tennis (1st ed.). New York: Coward-McCann. OCLC 1482687.