Seles at the 1991 U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships
|Country (sports)|| Yugoslavia (1988–1991)
United States (1994–2008)
|Residence||Sarasota, Florida, United States|
December 2, 1973 |
Novi Sad, SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Retired||2008 (last match 2003)|
|Plays||Left-handed (two-handed both sides)|
|Prize money||US$ 14,891,762|
|Int. Tennis HoF||2009 (member page)|
|Career record||595–122 (82.98%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (March 11, 1991)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (1991, 1992, 1993, 1996)|
|French Open||W (1990, 1991, 1992)|
|US Open||W (1991, 1992)|
|Tour Finals||W (1990, 1991, 1992)|
|Olympic Games||Bronze medal (2000)|
|Highest ranking||No. 16 (April 22, 1991)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||SF (1991, 2001)|
|French Open||3R (1990)|
|US Open||QF (1999)|
|Fed Cup|| United States
W (1996, 1999, 2000)
|Hopman Cup|| Yugoslavia
F (2001, 2002)
Monica Seles (Hungarian: Szeles Mónika, Serbian: Моника Селеш, Monika Seleš, pronounced [ˈsɛlɛʃ], born December 2, 1973) is a former Yugoslav world no. 1 professional tennis player and a member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame. An ethnic Hungarian, she was born and raised in Novi Sad, SFR Yugoslavia. She became a naturalized American citizen in 1994 and also received Hungarian citizenship in June 2007. She won nine Grand Slam singles titles, eight of them while a citizen of Yugoslavia and the final as a citizen of United States of America. In 1990, Seles became the youngest-ever French Open champion at the age of 16. She went on to win eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday and was the year-end World No. 1 in 1991 and 1992. However, on April 30, 1993, she was the victim of an on-court attack, when a man stabbed her in the back with a 9-inch (23 cm) long knife; Seles did not return to tennis for over two years. Though she enjoyed some success after rejoining the tour in 1995, including a fourth Australian Open title in 1996, she was unable to consistently reproduce her best form. She played her last professional match at the 2003 French Open, but did not officially retire until February 2008.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Tennis career
- 3 Equipment and endorsements
- 4 Personal life
- 5 In popular culture
- 6 Career statistics
- 7 Records
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and career
Seles was born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, current-day Serbia, into an ethnic Hungarian family. Her parents are Ester and Karolj and she has an older brother, Zoltán. She began playing tennis at age five, coached by her father, a professional cartoonist employed for decades at the Dnevnik and Magyar Szó newspapers, who drew pictures for her to make her tennis more fun. He is responsible for developing her two-handed style for both the forehand and backhand. Later, her coach was Jelena Genčić. In 1985, at the age of 11, she won the Junior Orange Bowl tournament in Miami, Florida, catching the attention of tennis coach Nick Bollettieri. She won the Junior Orange Bowl in both the 12- and the 14-year categories, and is one of only nine tennis players to win the Junior Orange Bowl championship twice in its 70-year history, which list includes Andy Murray, Jimmy Connors, Jennifer Capriati, and Yishai Oliel. In 1986 the Seles family moved from Yugoslavia to the United States, and Seles enrolled at the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy, where she trained for two years.
Seles played her first professional tournament as an amateur in 1988 at age 14. The following year she turned professional on February 13, 1989, and joined the professional tour full-time, winning her first career title at Houston in May 1989, where she beat the soon-to-retire Chris Evert in the final. A month later, Seles reached the semifinals of her first Grand Slam singles tournament at the French Open, losing to then world no. 1 Steffi Graf, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6. Seles finished her first year on the tour ranked world no. 6.
After a slow start at the beginning of the season, Seles went on a 36-match winning streak and won 6 consecutive tournaments starting in Miami at the Lipton Player's Championships. During that winning streak she also won the U.S. Hard Court Championships (San Antonio, Texas), the Eckerd Open (Tampa, Florida), the Italian Open, and the Lufthansa Cup in Berlin, Germany (defeating Steffi Graf in the final in straight sets). Seles then won her first Grand Slam singles title at the 1990 French Open. Facing world no. 1 Steffi Graf in the final, Seles saved four set points in a first set tiebreaker, which she won 8–6, and went on to take the match in straight sets. In doing so, she became the youngest-ever French Open singles titlist at the age of 16 years, 6 months. Her winning streak was stopped by Zina Garrison at Wimbledon in the quarterfinals which went to 9-7 in the 3rd set. Seles then won the Virginia Slims of Los Angeles title against Martina Navratilova 6-4, 3-6, 7-6, and then defeated Navratilova again in winning the Oakland California tournament, in straight sets 6-3, 7-6. She also won the 1990 year-end Virginia Slims Championships, defeating Gabriela Sabatini in five sets (in the first five-set women's match since 1901 US National Championships), becoming the youngest to ever win the Season-Ending Championships. She finished the year ranked world no. 2.
1991 was the first of two years in which Seles dominated the women's tour. She started out by winning the Australian Open in January, beating Jana Novotná in the final. In March, she replaced Graf as the world no. 1. She then successfully defended her French Open title, beating the former youngest-ever winner, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, in the final. Unable to play at Wimbledon, suffering from shin splints, Seles took a six-week break. But she was back in time for the US Open, which she won by beating Martina Navratilova in the final, her third Grand Slam title of the year, to cement her position at the top of the world rankings. She also won the year-end Virginia Slims Championships for the second consecutive time, defeating Navratilova in four sets. At the end of season, Seles had won 10 out of the 16 tournaments she entered (reaching the final of every tournament that she entered that year). She ended the year as the #1 ranked player in the world.
1992 was an equally dominant year. Seles successfully defended her titles at the Australian Open, the French Open, and the US Open. She also reached her first-ever final at Wimbledon, but lost to Graf, 2–6, 1–6. During Wimbledon, Seles encountered difficulty because of her habit of grunting or shrieking loudly when hitting shots. A couple of London tabloid reporters brought decibel meters (jokingly labeled "Grunt-o-meters") to her matches to measure the loudness of her shrieks. Her quarterfinal opponent Nathalie Tauziat was the first to complain to the chair umpire about it. During the third set of her semi-final match against Martina Navratilova, Navratilova also complained to the chair umpire about the grunting after Seles went up a break at 4-2. Seles ended up losing the game and the break, but broke back and closed out the match.
From January 1991 through February 1993, Seles won 22 titles and reached 33 finals out of the 34 tournaments she played. She compiled a 159–12 win-loss record (92.9% winning percentage), including a 55–1 win-loss record (98%) in Grand Slam tournaments. In the broader context of her first four years on the circuit (1989–1992), Seles had a win-loss record of 231–25 (90.2%) and collected 30 titles. She once again ended the year as the #1 ranked player in the world.
Seles was the top women's player heading into 1993, having won the French Open three consecutive years and both the US Open and Australian Open in consecutive years. In January 1993, Seles defeated Graf in the final of the Australian Open, which to date was her third win in four Grand Slam finals against Graf. With eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday on December 2, 1993, Seles holds the record for most Grand Slam singles titles won as a teenager in the Open Era. She then won the Virginia Slims of Chicago over Martina Navratilova in 3 sets. This was the last title that Seles won before the attack in Hamburg, Germany.
On April 30 during a quarterfinal match with Magdalena Maleeva in Hamburg in which Seles was leading 6–4, 4–3, Günter Parche, an obsessed fan of Steffi Graf, ran from the middle of the crowd to the edge of the court during a break between games and stabbed Seles with a boning knife between her shoulder blades, to a depth of 1.5 cm (0.59 inches). She was quickly rushed to a hospital. Although her physical injuries took only a few weeks to heal, she did not return to competitive tennis for more than two years. Initially, there was speculation that the attack may have been politically motivated because Seles was from Yugoslavia. She was known to have received death threats in relation to the ongoing conflict in her native Yugoslavia. However, German authorities were quick to rule this out, describing her attacker as confused and possibly mentally disturbed.
Parche was charged following the incident, but was not jailed because he was found to be psychologically abnormal, and was instead sentenced to two years' probation and psychological treatment. The incident prompted a significant increase in the level of security at tour events. At the French Open, held less than a month after the attack, the trophy presentation ceremony took place on the court, rather than in the stands amongst spectators, as it had been done previously. At that year's Wimbledon, the players seats were positioned with their backs to the umpire's chair, rather than the spectators. Seles, however, disputed the effectiveness of these measures. She was quoted in 2011 as saying "From the time I was stabbed, I think the security hasn't changed". Seles vowed never to play tennis in Germany again, disenchanted by the German legal system. "What people seem to be forgetting is that this man stabbed me intentionally and he did not serve any sort of punishment for it... I would not feel comfortable going back. I don't foresee that happening."
Young Elders, a band from Melbourne, Australia, sent their song called "Fly Monica Fly" to Seles while she was recuperating from the 1993 stabbing incident. She later said that the song provided inspiration to her at that time, and subsequently met the band (who later changed their name to the Monicas) following her victory at the Australian Open in 1996. The stabbing incident is the subject of Dan Bern's 1998 tribute to Seles, "Monica". Additionally, Detroit dreampop band Majesty Crush paid tribute with "Seles" from the 1993 album Love-15. Hugh Laurie wrote a parody song about the motivations of the attacker.
The WTA suggested that Seles' number one ranking be preserved during her absence, but did not do so. According to Seles' autobiography, all active tour players opposed the idea except Gabriela Sabatini, who abstained.
Seles returned to the tour in August 1995. In the runup to her comeback, then WTA president Martina Navratilova proposed that Seles be reinstated alongside Steffi Graf as joint number one. The WTA did so despite some opposition from players including Arantxa Sánchez Vicario and Gigi Fernández, whose tournament placements would suffer greatly by suddenly being placed behind Seles. Graf supported Seles' co-ranking, but not the additional proposal that Seles' co-ranking not be determined by the minimum participation of 12 tournaments a year required of everyone else. Graf felt that would give Seles an unfair advantage in the rankings. Seles won her first comeback tournament, the Canadian Open, beating Amanda Coetzer in the final, 6–0, 6–1 and setting a tournament record for least number of games dropped by the champion throughout the tournament (14). The following month at the US Open, Seles reached the final defeating world No.10 Anke Huber, No.4 Jana Novotná, No.3 Conchita Martínez (all in straight sets), but lost to Graf in the final, 6–7, 6–0, 3–6.
In January 1996, Seles won her fourth Australian Open, beating Anke Huber in the final. Her pivotal match was the semifinal vs rising American star Chanda Rubin who led her 5-3 in the final set, and had 2 break points to lead 5-1. Seles came back from 2 points from defeat to triumph and reach the final. This was to be Seles' last Grand Slam title, as she struggled to recapture her best form on a consistent basis. Seles was the runner-up at the US Open to Steffi Graf again in 1996. Her last Grand Slam final came at the French Open in 1998. In the run to the final she had defeated world no. 3 Jana Novotná in three sets and world no. 1 Martina Hingis in straight sets, but lost to Sánchez Vicario in the three-set final.
While she did not reach another Grand Slam singles final, she did consistently reach the quarterfinal and semifinal stages in those tournaments and was a fixture in the WTA Tour's top 10. In 2002, her last full year on the tour, she finished the year ranked world no. 7, defeated Venus Williams, Martina Hingis, Jennifer Capriati, Justine Henin, Maria Sharapova, Kim Clijsters, and Lindsay Davenport, and reached at least the quarterfinals at each Grand Slam tournament.
Monica Seles competed at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, where she beat Sabatini in a third round match before losing to Jana Novotná in the quarterfinals. Four years later, at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Seles captured her first Olympic medal, a bronze in singles. She defeated Jelena Dokic in the bronze medal match, after pushing eventual gold medalist Venus Williams to a tough 3 setter in the semis, losing 6-3 in the final set.
After becoming a U.S. citizen in 1994, Seles helped the U.S. team win the Fed Cup in 1996, 1999, and 2000.
Hiatus and retirement
In the spring of 2003, Seles sustained a foot injury. She was forced to withdraw during the second set of a match against Nadia Petrova at the Italian Open. Then, a couple of weeks later and still injured, she lost in straight sets to the same player in the first round of the 2003 French Open. It was the only time she ever lost a first-round match at a Grand Slam. She never again played an official tour match.
In February 2005, Seles played two exhibition matches in New Zealand against Navratilova. Despite losing both matches, she played competitively and announced that she could return to the game early in 2006; however, she did not do so. She played three exhibition matches against Navratilova in 2007. On April 5, she defeated Navratilova in Houston, Texas, on clay, 7–6 (1), 2–6, 10–1 (tiebreak). On September 14, Seles defeated Navratilova on an indoor court in New Orleans, Louisiana, 6–2, 6–4. On September 16, she beat her on clay in Bucharest, Romania, 3–6, 6–3, 10–7 (tiebreak).
In December 2007, Seles told the press that Lindsay Davenport's successful return to the tour had inspired her to consider her own limited comeback to play Grand Slam tournaments and the major warm-up events for those tournaments. However, on February 14, 2008, Seles announced her official retirement from professional tennis.
Seles was listed as the 13th-greatest player of all time (men and women) by (U.S.) Tennis magazine, and was also one of 15 women named by Australian Tennis magazine as the greatest champions of the last 30 years (players were listed chronologically).
In 2012, Tennis Channel created a list of the "100 Greatest Of All Time" tennis players. Seles was listed at #19.
Seles's career was affected by the stabbing incident; her trajectory was indicative of continuing future greatness. During the height of her career (1990 French Open through the 1993 Australian Open), she won 8 of the 11 Grand Slam singles tournaments she contested.
Until her loss to Martina Hingis at the 1999 Australian Open, Seles had a perfect record at the event (33–0), which is the longest undefeated streak for this tournament (although Margaret Court won 38 consecutive matches there from 1960 to 1968 after losing a match in 1959). It also marked her first defeat in Australia, having won the Sydney tournament in 1996. Seles was the first female tennis player to win her first six Grand Slam singles finals: 1990 French Open, 1991 Australian Open, 1991 French Open, 1991 US Open, 1992 Australian Open, and 1992 French Open. Seles was also the first female player since Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling in 1937 to win the women's singles title three consecutive years at the French Open. (Chris Evert, however, won the title the four consecutive times she played the tournament: 1974, 1975, 1979, and 1980; in 2007, Justine Henin won her third consecutive French Open singles title.) With eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday, Seles holds the record for most Grand Slam singles titles won as a teenager in the Open Era.
Yet, transformed from champion to tragedienne, Seles became far more popular than she was while winning all those titles. It became impossible to root against her. At first, out of sympathy. Then, because she revealed herself to be so thoroughly thoughtful, graceful, dignified. When she quietly announced her retirement last week at age 34, she exited as perhaps the most adored figure in the sport's history. As happy endings go, one could do worse.
Seles was a popular player, winning the inaugural Sanex Hero of the Year award in 2002. This award was voted by fans around the world. She was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2009.
Equipment and endorsements
In the early 1990s, Seles signed a $4-million endorsement contract with Fila to promote its footwear and tennis apparel. She used a Prince original graphite racquet on court. In August of the 1990 season, Seles switched to a Yonex racquet.
When she returned to the tour in 1995 after the stabbing sabbatical, Seles wore apparel by Nike and used a Yonex racquet on court.
On April 21, 2009, Seles released her memoir Getting A Grip: On My Body, My Mind, My Self which chronicles her bout with depression and binge eating disorder (BED) after her stabbing, her father's cancer diagnosis and eventual death, her journey back to the game and a life beyond tennis.
As of 2015, Seles is a paid spokesperson for Shire Pharmaceuticals, the makers of the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat BED, to raise awareness of the disorder she has suffered from since she was a young adult. Seles would eat normal amounts of food at meals, and then secretly eat large amounts of junk food when she was alone.
In popular culture
Grand Slam singles finals: 13 finals (9 titles, 4 runners-up)
|Winner||1990||French Open||Clay||Steffi Graf||7–6(8–6), 6–4|
|Winner||1991||Australian Open||Hard||Jana Novotná||5–7, 6–3, 6–1|
|Winner||1991||French Open (2)||Clay||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||6–3, 6–4|
|Winner||1991||US Open||Hard||Martina Navratilova||7–6(7–1), 6–1|
|Winner||1992||Australian Open (2)||Hard||Mary Joe Fernández||6–2, 6–3|
|Winner||1992||French Open (3)||Clay||Steffi Graf||6–2, 3–6, 10–8|
|Runner-up||1992||Wimbledon||Grass||Steffi Graf||2–6, 1–6|
|Winner||1992||US Open (2)||Hard||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||6–3, 6–3|
|Winner||1993||Australian Open (3)||Hard||Steffi Graf||4–6, 6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||1995||US Open||Hard||Steffi Graf||6–7(6–8), 6–0, 3–6|
|Winner||1996||Australian Open (4)||Hard||Anke Huber||6–4, 6–1|
|Runner-up||1996||US Open||Hard||Steffi Graf||5–7, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1998||French Open||Clay||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||6–7(5–7), 6–0, 2–6|
Singles performance timeline
|Grand Slam Tournaments|
|Australian Open||43–4||4 / 8||A||A||A||W||W||W||A||A||W||A||A||SF||A||QF||SF||2R|
|French Open||54–8||3 / 11||A||SF||W||W||W||A||A||A||QF||SF||F||SF||QF||A||QF||1R|
|Wimbledon||30–9||0 / 9||A||4R||QF||A||F||A||A||A||2R||3R||QF||3R||QF||A||QF||A|
|US Open||54–10||2 / 12||A||4R||3R||W||W||A||A||F||F||QF||QF||QF||QF||4R||QF||A|
|Win–Loss||181–31||9 / 40||0–0||11–3||13–2||21–0||27–1||7–0||0–0||6–1||17–3||11–3||14–3||16–4||12–3||7–2||17–4||1–2|
- These records were attained in Open Era of tennis.
- Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.
|Grand Slam||Years||Record accomplished||Player tied|
|Australian Open—French Open||1990–93||Simultaneous holder of 3 consecutive Australian Open and French Open titles||Stands alone|
|Australian Open||1991||Won title on the first attempt||Virginia Wade|
|Australian Open||1991–93||3 consecutive titles||Margaret Court
Evonne Goolagong Cawley
|Australian Open||1991–99||33 consecutive wins||Stands alone|
|French Open||1990–92||3 consecutive titles||Justine Henin
|French Open||1990||Youngest ever champion (16 years old)||Stands alone|
|Grand Slam tournaments||1991||100% (21–0) match winning percentage in 1 season||Margaret Court
Billie Jean King
|Grand Slam tournaments||1992||Reached all four Grand Slam finals in a calendar year||Margaret Court
- WTA Tour records
- Grand Slam (tennis)
- List of WTA number 1 ranked players
- List of female tennis players
- List of tennis tournaments
- List of tennis rivalries
- List of Grand Slam Women's Singles champions
- Tennis records of the Open Era – Women's Singles
- Tennis statistics
- World number 1 women tennis players from 1883–present
- Pronounced in Hungarian and Serbo-Croatian
- "Grossly Abbreviated". Canadian Online Explorer. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- "Titokban lett magyar állampolgár Szeles Mónika (Szeles Mónika has become a Hungarian citizen in secret)". Heti Világgazdaság (in Hungarian). 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2008-05-09.
- "1993: Tennis star stabbed". On This Day 30 April 1993. BBC. 1993-04-30. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- William Lee Adams (June 22, 2011). "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future – Monica Seles". TIME. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Najbolja jugoslovenska teniserka Monika Seleš (1.deo) - Naša Mala Mo!;Studio, 1990
- Seles, Monica with Nancy Ann Richardson (1996) Monica From Fear to Victory
- "14-year-old Israeli wins revered junior tennis tournament". ynetnews.
- O'Sullivan, John (2011-04-09). "Seles still has issues with security". Sport. The Irish Times. Retrieved 2011-04-15.
- Wood, Stephen (November 16, 2000). "WTA Under Fire from Seles". BBC Sport. BBC.
- Seles, Monica (1996). Monica: From Fear to Victory.
- "Comeback: Back stabbers". New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC: 78. 31 July 1995. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Seles is back in the limelight". The Irish Times. 26 June 1996. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- Torok, Sebastián. "Gaby Sabatini. "Ahora disfruto de todo lo que no hice cuando jugaba"". canchallena.com (in Spanish).
- "NY Times: It's not easy being a third wheel". Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- Monica Seles playing activity WTA Tour website
- Seles Sighting: Monica plays Martina in exhibition
- "Monica Seles defeats Martina Navratilova in exhibition match in Bucharest". Womenstennisblog.com. 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
- "Seles Announces Retirement From Professional Tennis". Sonyericssonwtatour.com. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
- Robbins, Liz (January 16, 2009). "Seles Is Elected to Hall of Fame". The New York Times.
- Wertheim, Jon (2008-02-20). "Tennis Mailbag: Saluting Seles". SportsIllustrated.com. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- Seles Elected to Hall of Fame ESPN.com, January 15, 2009
- Horovitz, Bruce (June 26, 1990). "Athletic Firms Going to the Net in Quest for Next Tennis Celebrity". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Perrotta, Tom (June 30, 2012). "Finding the spin may be a racquet". The Australian. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- "WHAT THEY'RE WEARING (AND HITTING WITH) AT THE U.S. OPEN". SportsBusiness Journal. 28 August 2000. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Kearl, Mary (July 2009). "Getting a Grip: From Stabbing to Bingeing: Monica Seles's Recovery". AOL Health. Retrieved July 2009. Check date values in:
- Wilson, Greg. "Monica Seles Courting Billionaire, 67". NBC New York. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
- Abelson, Max (December 20, 2011). "Bankers Seek to Debunk Attack on Top 1%". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
- Benny, Michael (June 5, 2014). Upstate Billionaire Tom Golisano reveals engagement to tennis star Monica Seles. WTVH. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Casey, Tim (March 11, 2015) "Monica Seles sheds light on binge eating disorder" USA Today
- "The Nanny". Lakeland Ledger. March 11, 1996. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- "Meet Dancing Stars Monica Seles and Cristian de la Fuente". TV Guide. March 14, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
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