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|Origin||Springfield, Missouri, United States|
|Genres||Gospel, country, rock and roll, folk|
|Associated acts||Foggy River Boys, Patsy Cline, Elvis Presley, Eddy Arnold, Jim Reeves, Ricky Nelson, Ringo Starr, Ween|
The Jordanaires were an American vocal quartet that formed as a gospel group in 1948. Over the years, they have recorded both sacred and secular music as a solo act for various record companies, including Capitol Records, RCA Victor Records, Columbia Records, Decca Records, Vocalion Records, Stop Records, and many other smaller independent labels.
In the mid-1950s, along with their solo career, they began lending their vocal talents to featured artists as background vocalists in recording sessions. They are widely known for providing background vocals for Elvis Presley, in live appearances, recordings, and feature films from 1956 to 1972. The group has worked in the recording studio, on stage, and on television with many country, gospel, and rock and roll artists.
Their background voices can be heard on at least one Grammy-winning recording every decade from the awards' inception through the mid-2000s. The first was in 1959 and the last was in 2007, thus winning in six decades.
The history of The Jordanaires can be traced back to the early 1940s, and the original Foggy River Boys, who were made up of the Matthews brothers, all ordained ministers: Bill (b. LaFollette, Tennessee, 1923), Monty (b. Pulaski, Kentucky, 1927), Jack, and Matt. In 1948, Matt and Jack left to become full-time preachers and were replaced by Bob Hubbard (b. Chaffee, Missouri, 1928), also a minister, bass singer Culley Holt (b. McAlester, Oklahoma, 1925), and pianist Bob Money. After three years, Money was replaced as pianist by Gordon Stoker. At that time, they formed the new group as the Melodizing Matthews, in Springfield, Missouri, but soon changed the name to The Jordanaires, after Jordan Creek in Missouri.
This starting lineup lasted until 1949; at that time, Bob Hubbard was drafted and was replaced by Hoyt Hawkins. Later that year, Monty and Bill Matthews left. Hawkins switched to baritone, and new lead Neal Matthews was recruited. Don Bruce came in as a new first tenor, but he was drafted the next year. The group narrowed to a quartet, with Stoker taking over as first tenor. They became members of the Grand Ole Opry in 1949. They recorded for Capitol Records in the early 1950s, and began providing vocal accompaniment behind solo singers in Nashville, Tennessee.
The quartet became well known in the Southern gospel genre, and what made them stand out from other quartets of that time was how they would bring spirituals (such as "Dry Bones") to a predominantly white audience. While continuing to turn out gospel albums of their own, the group become better known for the signature background harmonies they have provided on dozens of secular records.
With Elvis Presley
On October 3, 1954, a teenaged Elvis Presley made the drive from Memphis to Nashville to make his only performance on the Grand Ole Opry. Debuting his high-energy brand of rockabilly with "Blue Moon of Kentucky", it was his first live performance on a radio broadcast. He had just recorded his first record at Sun studios, "That's All Right", just a few weeks prior. In 1955, The Jordanaires played a show in Memphis with Eddy Arnold to publicize their new syndicated TV series, Eddy Arnold Time (for the program the group used the name Gordonaires). They sang "Peace in the Valley", and when the show was over, Elvis Presley, an emerging singer, talked with them and said, "If I ever get a recording contract with a major company, I want you guys to back me up." He was on Sun Records at that time.
On January 10, 1956, Presley recorded his first session for RCA with guitarist Scotty Moore, bassist Bill Black, and drummer D. J. Fontana. "I Got a Woman", "Heartbreak Hotel", and "Money Honey" were recorded. Presley asked his new label RCA Victor if The Jordanaires could appear on the recordings. The next day, Gordon Stoker was called by Chet Atkins to do a session with a new, young singer named Elvis. RCA had also just signed the Speer Family. Atkins asked Stoker to sing with Ben and Brock Speer so he could use them. The recording session for "I'm Counting on You" and "I Was the One" was the first one Presley did with vocal background. By April 1956, "Heartbreak Hotel" was number one on the chart.
After having done several more recording sessions in New York with Moore, Black, and Fontana, Presley flew to Nashville on April 14, 1956, to record "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You". Stoker was called again, to sing a vocal trio with Ben and Brock Speer. After the session, Presley took Stoker aside and told him (not knowing, at the time, why all The Jordanaires were not there) that he had wanted the Jordanaires. This time, Stoker saw to it—and Presley used the quartet on nearly every one of his recording sessions for the next 14 years. The quartet also appeared in some of Presley's movies, and on many of his television appearances.
As Presley was about to start performing at the Hilton in Las Vegas, the Colonel's office called for the Jordanaires to work with Presley in the shows. They had 35 recording sessions already booked for the dates he needed, so they could not go. They got in touch with the Imperials, who had done the background vocals for Presley's album How Great Thou Art along with them, and the Imperials took the place of the Jordanaires.
- "A Poor Man's Roses (Or a Rich Man's Gold)"
- "Blue Moon of Kentucky"
- "Crazy Arms"
- "Faded Love"
- "Foolin' Around"
- "Half As Much"
- "Have You Ever Been Lonely (Have You Ever Been Blue)?"
- "I Can't Help It (If I'm Still in Love with You)"
- "I Fall to Pieces"
- "Leavin' On Your Mind"
- "Love Letters In The Sand"
- "San Antonio Rose"
- "Seven Lonely Days"
- "She's Got You"
- "Someday (You'll Want Me To Want You)"
- "South of the Border (Down Mexico Way)"
- "Sweet Dreams"
- "That's My Desire"
- "The Wayward Wind"
- "True Love"
- "Walkin' After Midnight" (1961 recording)
- "You Belong to Me"
- "You Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want To Do It)"
- "Your Cheatin' Heart"
After Elvis and Cline
The lineup consisting of Gordon Stoker, first tenor and manager, Neal Matthews, second tenor and lead, Hoyt Hawkins, baritone, and Ray Walker, bass, would be the group's most stable lineup, lasting throughout the 1960s and 1970s. In January 1978, the group performed a medley of Presley's songs on the NBC TV special Nashville Remembers Elvis on His Birthday.
The group changed again in 1982, when Hoyt Hawkins died. His replacement was Duane West, formerly of Sonny James' backup group, the Southern Gentlemen. In 1990, the group provided backing vocals for Presley's former Sun Records labelmate Johnny Cash on his Mercury Records album Boom Chicka Boom. The group has also recorded with the Swedish group Vikingarna.
The lineup remained constant for the rest of the decade, with West leaving due to an illness in 1999 and his death in 2002. His replacement was Louis Nunley, formerly of the Anita Kerr Singers.
Neal Matthews died on April 21, 2000. He was replaced by new lead Curtis Young.
Hugh Jarrett died at 78 on May 31, 2008, from injuries sustained in an auto accident in March.
- Hoyt Hawkins – baritone and lead vocals, piano, organ, percussion (1949-1980; died 1980)
- Neal Matthews Jr. — second tenor and lead vocals, rhythm guitar, lead guitar, double bass, bass guitar (1949–2000; died 2000)
- Gordon Stoker – tenor vocals, piano, organ, percussion (1924-2013; died 2013)
- Ray Walker – bass vocals (1958-2013)
- Bill Matthews – vocals (1948-1949)
- Monty Matthews – vocals (1948-1949)
- Bob Hubbard – vocals (1948-1949)
- Culley Holt – bass vocals (1949-1954)
- Bob Money – piano (1949-1951)
- Don Bruce – first tenor vocals (1949-1950)
- Hugh Jarrett – bass vocals (1954-1958)
- Duane West – baritone vocals (1980-1999; died 2002)
- Louis Nunley – baritone vocals (1999-2013)
- Curtis Young – lead vocals (2000-2013)
The Jordanaires performed with many modern recording artists, as well as recent sessions with country musicians.
- 1957: Ricky Nelson's "Poor Little Fool", "Lonesome Town", "It's Late", "I Believe What You Say" and other hit recordings
- 1959: Several tracks on Johnny Cash's albums The Fabulous Johnny Cash and Songs of our Soil, the 1978 album I Would Like to See You Again and others
- 1964: Cliff Richard's 1965 singles "The Minute You're Gone", "Wind Me Up (Let Me Go)", "On My Word" and a few other album and EP tracks
- 1970: Ringo Starr's second solo album, Beaucoups of Blues
- 1973: Bobby Bare's hit single "Ride Me Down Easy"
- 1975: Jack Jersey two albums I Wonder (a live album) and Honky Tonk Man
- 1975: Gary Stewart's RCA debut Out of Hand, that spawned three top ten hits including the "She's Acting Single"
- 1980: Don McLean's album Chain Lightning
- 1981: Don McLean's album Believers
- 1981: On several tracks for Gene Summers' LP Gene Summers in Nashville
- 1984: Dolly Parton's song "Save The Last Dance For Me" on the album The Great Pretender
- 1985: Four songs by The Blasters' from their album Hard Line including "Samson and Delilah" 
- 1988: Appeared in Sawyer Brown's music video "My Baby's Gone"
- 1993: "Bigger Than Elvis" on Chicago's album titled Chicago XXXII: Stone of Sisyphus, recorded in 1993 and published in 2008
- 1996: Ween's album 12 Golden Country Greats
- 1997: On "Who'll Be The One If Not Me" for the off-Broadway musical Violet
- 1998: On "You Better Move On" and "Tomorrow Night" on Sugar Ray Norcia's album Sweet & Swingin'
- 1999: began their collaborative work with Art Greenhaw, which resulted in a Grammy Award for Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album for We Called Him Mr. Gospel Music: The James Blackwood Tribute Album (2003), and six Grammy nominations for Best Album of the Year in a gospel category for other album titles, including The Great Gospel Hit Parade (2001), God Is Love (2002), Always Hear The Harmony (2004), 20th Century Gospel (2005) and Southern Meets Soul (2006) AllMusic noted about the 20th Century Gospel album that "Greenhaw's manly baritone is warm and inviting, and when backed by vocal-group legends the Jordanaires ("Gospel Woman," "Welcome to My World"), the resultant sound suggests the glory days of Elvis Presley and Jim Reeves."
- 2002: Sang with The Tractors' Steve Ripley
- 2006: The Grascals album Long List of Heartaches, on the song "Did You Forget God Today?"
- 2006–07: Friends of Henry Golis Wish You A Merry Christmas with the Jordanaires, and Henry Golis Presents Good Music With Friends featuring the Jordanaires
- 2007: appeared with the Christian pop band C.B.O.P. on the songs "Between You & Me" and "Live Like A King" on the album A Road Less Traveled
- 2007: "Save Your Dreams" by Americana artist Shark
- 2009: Today, Tomorrow & Forever EP by Pete Molinari
- 2010: Last Night In Nashville album by The Kingmakers
- 2011: Kristin Chenoweth's Some Lessons Learned, on "What Would Dolly Do"
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- "Jordanaires Biography". Cmt.com. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- Graham, Charlotte "The Jordanaires" (February 22, 2003), The Clarion-Ledger (Jackson, MS), "Religion," p. 1E.
- Cox, William L. "Patsy Cline's Recording Sessions - The Decca Years". Patsified.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- Linda Hjertén (22 January 2004). "Vikingarna tar farväl av fansen". Aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Rosen, Jody (25 June 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
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- Cooper, Peter (March 27, 2013). "Jordanaires leader Gordon Stoker dies". The Tennessean. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
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- Official records, National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences, 2000–2006.
- "20th Century Gospel: From Hymns to Blackwood Brothers Tribute to Christian Country - Various Artists - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 February 2019.