Kadampanad

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Kadampanad
കടമ്പനാട്
village
Kadampanad Cathedral
Kadampanad Cathedral
Coordinates: 9°7′0″N 76°41′0″E / 9.11667°N 76.68333°E / 9.11667; 76.68333Coordinates: 9°7′0″N 76°41′0″E / 9.11667°N 76.68333°E / 9.11667; 76.68333
Country  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Population (2001)
 • Total 26,839
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, Hindi English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 691553
Telephone code 04734
Vehicle registration KL-26
Nearest city Adoor
Lok Sabha constituency Pathanamthitta
Vidhan Sabha constituency Adoor

Kadampanad grama panchayath is the southernmost part of Pathanamthitta district. It comes under Parakkode block of Adoor taluk. The panchayath shared boundaries with Erathu panchayath in the north, Ezhamkulam panchayath in the east, Kunnathur panchayath and Kalladayar in the south and Pallikkal and Poruvazhy Panchayaths in the west. Kakkathikkunnu in the north and Pandimalakkunnu (Pandimalappuram) in the south stands as two strong forts in this panchayath which balances the climatic conditions of this area.

Kadampanad, Thuvayoor and Mannadi areas form Kadampanad panchayath. Mannadi is known as the place where Veluthambi Dalawa, the great freedom fighter, died.

Etymology[edit]

The name Kadampanad might have been derived from the word “ khada nadu”.[1] There is also a belief that this place was occupied by Kadampa dynasty kings and hence the name Kadampanad was derived.

History[edit]

It is mentioned in many literary works of Sangha period like “Pathittupathu” that Kadampanad was a part of ancient Tamil Nadu. The beautiful architecture of Parakkadavu snanaghatas and kalmandapas, built on the banks of Kallada river, in connection with the Pazhayakavu and Puthiyakavu devi temple of Mannadi are proofs of ancient civilization in this place. Kadampanad was a trade center[2] in the ancient period. Under the Kulashekhara kings, who ruled Travancore with Mahodayapuram as their headquarters, there were many autonomous provinces. Kadampanad was such a province under the control of a Naduvazhi.[3] After the decline of Kulasekhara reign, Kadampanad came under the rule of Venad Kings.[4] Later, Kadamapanad became the part of Kayamkulam territory and when Marthanda Varma formed modern Travancore, it fell under this region. When Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Iyyer was the Divan of Central Travancore, Village uplift unions were formed for the development of villages in Kerala. The village uplift unions were composed of Government nominated representatives. The places come under Kadampanad grama panchayath were part of Kunnathur uplift union at that time. Thonnuram Panthiyil K. Kesavakurup was the president of Kunnathur uplift union. In 1953, when panchayaths formed, panchayath bodies elected by people came into being. The first president of the elected body of Kadampanad panchayath was Koyippurath K. Neelakandan Nair. After the formation of Kerala State, Kadampanad panchayath continued to be a part of Kollam district, under Kunnathur Taluk. In 1983, when Pathanamthitta district was formed, Kadampanad panchayath became a part of it.

Geography[edit]

Kadampanad panchayath covers an area of 23.95 km2. The land is situated in a slanting position from east to west and from south to north. Kallada and Pallickal rivers flow along the south and west sides of the panchayat respectively. The land consists of hilly areas, plains and paddy fields. Paddy, coconut and tapioca were cultivated abundantly in this region. Mannadi and Thuvayoor are two important places in this panchayath. Major portion of Thuvayoor was laid down as a corridor in the east–west direction between the Kakkathikkunnu and Pandimalakkunnu.

Divisions[edit]

There are 17 wards in Kadampanad grama panchayath.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per the latest India census, Kadampanad has a population of 26839 with 12769 males and 14070 females.[6] The literacy rate as per the census data is 92.2%

Culture[edit]

Religious[edit]

The Kadampanad Bhagavathy Temple and the Kundom Vettuthu Malanada temple, the Maharshi Mangalam temple in Thuvayoor, the Kannankara Yakshi temple in Manjali junction, the Mudippura Devi temple, Pazhayakavu and Puthiyakavu Devi temples in Mannadi are the important temples in Kadampanad Panchayath. Kadampanad panchayath consists of 8 other temples also.

The Church of God at Thuvayoor is the first Pentecostal church in Kerala. St. Thomas Orthodox Cathedral (Kadampanad Church), one of the most prominent churches of the Indian Orthodox community is situated in Kadampanad Panchayat. Christians from this parish migrated to places like Kayamkulam, Mavelikkara, Kollakadavu, Adoor, Thuvayoor, Kozhenchery, Kaippattoor, Sooranadu, Kallada, Koodal etc., settled there and constructed new churches.[7] Hence this church is considered to be the mother parish of many churches in Central Travancore. St. John’s Orthodox Syrian Church Thuvayoor, St. George Malankara Catholic Church, Shalom Marthoma Church, St. Andrew's Marthoma Church, '''St. Mary's orthodox church kadampanad north''', St. Thomas Catholic Church, St. Mary’s Catholic Church, St. Thomas Marthoma Church, St. Peter's Marthoma Church, Lourdes Matha Church and St. James CSI Church are the other Christian devotional centres in this panchayath. The Jama-ath mosques in Mannadi and Nilakkal are also part of the diverse culture of this place.

Tourist Spots[edit]

The memorial of Veluthambi Dalawa and the Aravakkalu Chani Cave in Mannadi are places of tourist attractions. The Kerala institute of folklore and folk arts also functions in Mannadi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prof. A.P. Shankunni Nair; Dr. N.V. Krishnawarier (November 24–30, 1991). Mathrubhumi Weekly, Book 69. 38.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ L.K. Ananthakrishna Ayyar. Anthropology of the Syrian Christians. p. 15. 
  3. ^ "Pattazhi chembupattayam". 971. 
  4. ^ Shri Veera Deva Marthandavarma (343). "description about the geography of Chengazhinnur". Kilimanoor Shasana. 
  5. ^ panchayath/general-information/ "Kadampanad, General Information" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "India Census". Archived from the original on 11 February 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Sarva Vijnanakosam , vol.6. p. 28.