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Adoor

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Adoor
അടൂർ
Adur
Municipality
Adoor central junction
Adoor central junction
Adoor is located in Kerala
Adoor
Adoor
Adoor is located in India
Adoor
Adoor
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°12′N 76°46′E / 9.20°N 76.76°E / 9.20; 76.76Coordinates: 9°12′N 76°46′E / 9.20°N 76.76°E / 9.20; 76.76
Country  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body CPI(M)
 • Municipal chairperson Shyni Jose
Area
 • Total 25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 60,558
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam language, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 691 523
Telephone code 04734
Vehicle registration KL-26 (Adoor Sub RTO)
Vice chairman Prasad.G
Sex ratio 1145 /
Literacy 96.31%
Website www.adoormunicipality.in

Adoor (Malayalam: അടൂർ), sometimes spelled Adur is a major municipal town in the Pathanamthitta district in Kerala State. Adoor is the one of the Revenue Divisions of the Pathanamthitta District. Adoor was previously in the Kollam District.The municipality is located between the major cities of Trivandrum and Kochi in south Kerala.[1]

Location

Adoor is located in the eastern end of the Pathanamthitta district and also in the centre of South Kerala. The rivers of Achenkovil and Kallada pass through Adoor, with landlocked irrigating streams. To the west side of Adoor, Chengannur is located, to the east side Kottarakara is located, to the south side Punalur is located and to the north side Kayamkulam is located.

Administration

Adoor is part of the Pathanamthitta District and is a major town in Central Travancore. Geographically it is situated between Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam. Before the formation of the Pathanamthitta district in 1982, Adoor was in the Kollam district. Adoor's Assembly Constituency is a part of the newly formed Pathanamthitta Loksabha Constituency. Later it was in Adoor loksabha constituency itself.

Administrative divisions

Adoor was a Panchayat government body before the 90s. It was changed into municipality in the same time when Tiruvalla was made a municipality. It is a holy town and is well known throughout Kerala and has lot of places of interest. Adoor is a cultural capital of central Kerala[citation needed].

No. Panchayaths Revenue divisions Municipalities
1 Kodumon Adoor Adoor
2 Ezhamkulam Kozhenchery Pandalam
3 Kulanada Konni
5 Pallickal
6 Kadampanad
7 Enadimangalam
8 Kurampala
9 Edappon
10 Pandalam Thekkekara
11 Manakala
12 Mannadi
13 Kadammanitta
14 Thumpon
15 Erathu

Religion

Hindus are the majority in Adoor while Christians are also good in number. Muslims are comparatively less. There are several places of worship here which shows the religious prosperity. People belonging to all sections enjoys religious harmony and mutual cooperations exists between them.

Religion in Adoor
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
53.97%
Christians
  
36.55%
Muslims
  
9.33%

Important pilgrim centers

Temples

Sree Narayanapuram Mahavishnu Temple
Mannadi devi temple
  • Sree Parthasarathy temple
  • Pattupurakkal devi temple
  • Puthenkavil bhagavathi temple
  • Sree Narayanapuram Mahavishnu temple
  • Mahalingeswara temple
  • Mannadi devi temple
  • Poothamkara sree dharmasastha temple

Churches

St.Thomas Malankara Syrian Orthodox Cathedral, Kadampanad
  • St. Mary's orthodox Syrian cathedral
  • St. George orthodox church
  • St.John Of The Cross Latin Catholic Church
  • Mar Sleeva church

Art and culture

Adoor is famous for its contribution to arts and culture, as well as for being the birthplace of well-known personalities.

Well known events in Adoor include Ecumenical Conventions of Christian churches, Ezhamkulam Thookkam in Ezhamkulam Devi Temple, Gajamela at Sree Parthasarathy Temple, Thrichengamagalem mahadevar Temple Ulsavam, Kodumon Chilanthy Temple, and so on.

History

Mannadi, situated in Adoor, is where Velu Thampi Dalawa, the renowned freedom fighter of Travancore and diwan (title), diwan of Travancore Princely State, spent his last days[citation needed]. A historical museum, a statue of Veluthampi Dalawa and an open-air theatre are the major attractions here. The annual temple festival is held from February to March.

Demographics

As of 2011 census,[2] Adoor had a population of 29,171 people, including NRI's. Nearly 90% of population resides in the suburb regions and only 10% resides in the urban area. Literacy of Adoor is 96.31% in which 97% of men are literate and 94% for women. More than half of the total population is filled by Hindus and Christians and also other scheduled castes.

Climate

Adoor is one of the rainiest places in Kerala. The summer season and rainy season occurs from April to July. The month of July receives significant amount of rainfall about 1,418 millimetres (55.8 inches). Humidity increases in the months of April and June. The winter season normally starts from October to January. Slight Mist and fog is experienced here. Moderate temperatures occur from February and March.

Climate data for Adoor, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
31.8
(89.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
28.2
(82.8)
28.9
(84)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88)
30.59
(87.07)
Average low °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
23.8
(74.8)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.2
(70.2)
23.1
(73.58)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
7
(0.28)
71
(2.8)
248
(9.76)
944
(37.17)
1,418
(55.83)
803
(31.61)
377
(14.84)
283
(11.14)
86
(3.39)
23
(0.91)
4,263
(167.85)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Crops

Adoor is one of the biggest producers of coconut, bananas and tapioca. Here mousambi is grown, including red coconuts and red bananas. The soil in Adoor is good for cultivation and is from the minerals given by the rivers achenkovil and kallada. A lot of paan trees are grown here

Transportation

Road

Adoor being the centre of Kerala has good highways and roads for the pleasure of travel and for the shipment of goods. Adoor has the Mc road passing through it till Trivandrum and the National Highway 183A passing through Adoor connecting Pathanamthitta and other major places. The Mc road in Adoor-Pandalam route is a wide laned road and is very good for travelling smoothly. A bypass of MC-Road has been built in Adoor.The Bypass starts from Nellimutilpaddi in Adoor and ends at Karuvatta in Adoor, nearly the end of Adoor. The Kayamkulam-Punalur road also passes through Adoor making it the centre of Kayamkulam and Punalur. KP Road connects Adoor to other important towns like Pathanapuram and Charummood. People mostly use MC-Road in Adoor for travelling to Trivandrum other than using National Highway 47 to avoid traffic-jams and heat of the coastal areas touching the National Highway 47. The MC-Road gives pleasure and safety to travellers with no traffic-jams so people mostly take the Adoor-Trivandrum route for travelling to Trivandrum. The National Highway 183, which is an upgraded part of MC Road, passes through Adoor and ends at Kottarakara Junction.

Airports

The nearest airport is at Thiruvananthapuram-Thiruvananthapuram International Airport which is 110 kilometres (68 miles) away. The proposed Aranmula Rural Airport would be the nearest to Adoor.

Railways

The nearest railway stations are at Kayamkulam Junction railway station and Chengannur Railway Station. A railway station was implemented to come in Adoor but this plan was shifted to Mavelikkara. Now ideas are being put up for bringing a major junction railway station to Adoor very soon.The proposed railway station will be having railway flyovers and nearly 8 tracks with lines Kayamkulam-Punalur via Adoor, Chengannur-Thiruvananthapuram via Adoor.[4]

Education

College of Engineering

Notable people

References

External links

Media related to Adoor at Wikimedia Commons