Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant
|Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant|
|Construction began||1 February 1977|
|Commission date||12 June 1985|
|Units operational||4 x 1000 MW|
|Average generation||20,106 GWh|
The Kalinin Nuclear Power Station (Russian: Калининская АЭС [ pronunciation (help·info)]) is located about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north west of Moscow, in Tver Oblast near the town of Udomlya. Owner and operator of the plant is the state enterprise Rosenergoatom. Kalinin Nuclear Power Station supplies the majority of electricity in the Tver region and additionally serves Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Vladimir. In 2005 the nuclear power station fed 17.3 TWh (62,000 TJ) into the grid. The station's four 150 metres (490 ft) tall cooling towers are local landmarks. They were manufactured in 96 concrete sections each.
By March 2009 the containment structure of the new Kalinin Unit 4 reactor was nearly complete. The reactor achieved its first criticality on 8 November 2011.
The Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant has four units:
|Kalinin - 1||VVER-1000/338||950 MW||1,000 MW||1977/02/01||1984/05/09||1985/06/12||2029|
|Kalinin - 2||VVER-1000/338||950 MW||1,000 MW||1982/02/01||1986/12/03||1987/03/03||2031|
|Kalinin - 3||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||1985/10/01||2004/12/16||2005/11/08||2034|
|Kalinin - 4||VVER-1000/320||950 MW||1,000 MW||1986/08/01||2011/11/24||2012/12/25||2042|
- Second layer of the reactor containment of the 4th unit of Kalinin NPP mounted, 13 March 2009, access date: 3 May 2009
- Power Reactor Information System of the IAEA: "Russian Federation: Nuclear Power Reactors"
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