Akademik Lomonosov

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Спуск ПАТЭС на воду 20190823.jpg
Akademik Lomonosov being transported from Murmansk (23 August 2019)
History
Name: Akademik Lomonosov
Namesake: Mikhail Lomonosov
Owner: Rosatom
Port of registry: 2019 onwards: Saint Petersburg,  Russia
Builder:
Cost: 37.3 billion rubles (2015)[1]
Yard number: 05710
Laid down: 15 April 2007
Launched: 30 June 2010[2]
Completed: 2018
Acquired: 4 July 2019
In service: 19 December 2019
Identification:
Status: In service
General characteristics
Class and type: nuclear powership (barge)
Displacement: 21,500 tonnes
Length: 144.4 m (474 ft)
Beam: 30 m (98 ft)
Height: 10 m (33 ft)
Draft: 5.6 m (18 ft)
Crew: 69
Notes: 2 modified KLT-40S nuclear reactors (icebreaker type) producing 35x2 MW electric or 150x2 MW thermal

Akademik Lomonosov (Russian: Академик Ломоносов) is a non-self-propelled power barge that operates as the first Russian floating nuclear power station. The ship was named after Academician Mikhail Lomonosov.

History[edit]

The keel of Akademik Lomonosov was laid on 15 April 2007.[3] Construction started at the Sevmash Submarine-Building Plant in Severodvinsk. It cost 6 billion rubles ($232 million).[4] The celebrations were attended by the first deputy prime minister of Russia, Sergei Ivanov, and by the head of Rosatom, Sergei Kiriyenko.[5] Originally, Akademik Lomonosov was supposed to supply power to Severodvinsk town and Sevmash itself. However, in August 2008, the Russian government approved the transfer of work from Sevmash to the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg.[4]

The first reactor was delivered in May and the second one in August 2009.[3] Akademik Lomonosov was launched on 30 June 2010.[6] Akademik Lomonosov is deployed at Pevek, in the Chukotka region in Russia's Far East.[3] It was expected to be delivered in 2019, and was planned to come online as the nearby Bilibino Nuclear Power Plant is shut down.[7] On 28 April 2018, it left St. Petersburg under tow for Murmansk, where it received nuclear fuel for the first time. On 17 May 2018, it arrived at Murmansk.[8] The Akademik Lomonosov power station was officially handed over to the Russian state nuclear power company on 4 July 2019.[9]

The towing operation began on 23 August 2019.[10] On 9 September 2019, it arrived at its permanent location in the Chukotka region.[11][12] It started operation on 19 December 2019.[13] On 22 May 2020 the plant has been fully commissioned, by that date it had delivered 47.3 GWh zero-emissions electric energy, covering 20% of demand in the region.[14]

Description[edit]

Akademik Lomonosov has a length of 144 metres (472 ft) and width of 30 metres (98 ft). It has a displacement of 21,500 tonnes and a crew of 69 people.[15] For the power generation, it has two modified KLT-40 naval propulsion reactors together providing up to 70 MW of electricity or 300 MW of heat. Reactors were designed by OKBM Afrikantov and assembled by Nizhniy Novgorod Research and Development Institute Atomenergoproekt (both part of Atomenergoprom). The reactor vessels were produced by Izhorskiye Zavody.[3] The turbo-generators were supplied by Kaluga Turbine Plant.[4]

It is the world’s northernmost nuclear power plant.[16]

Criticism[edit]

Akademik Lomonosov has come under criticism from environmental groups such as Greenpeace and the Bellona Foundation. The Bellona Foundation had written an entire report of its criticism of the floating nuclear power plant.[17][18] Greenpeace criticized the project as one that may cause harm to a "fragile environment which is already under enormous pressure from climate change", referring to the project using terms such as "nuclear Titanic" and "Chernobyl on Ice".[19]

Rosatom explained in response that the PWR reactor technology used in the power plant has nothing in common with the old RBMK reactor design in Chernobyl and is designed to shut down automatically without external power and human intervention in case of emergency. The design incorporates all the state-of-the-art safeguards as documented in IAEA INSAG-3 recommendation and Russian civilian reactors had not a single accident leading to a radioactive leak in 34 years.[20][21] Akademik Lomonosov is not the first marine vessel with nuclear reactors, with nuclear marine propulsion used by many military and civilian vessels since the 1950s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "А ледоколы подождут..." Российская газета. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Baltiysky Shipyard launches the Akademik Lomonosov, part of nuclear powered plant". Portnews. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d "Reactors ready for floating plant". World Nuclear News. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  4. ^ a b c "Russia relocates construction of floating power plant". World Nuclear News. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  5. ^ Kukushkin, Mikhail (16 April 2007). "Плавучие АЭС готовят к экспорту" [Floating NPS are ready for export] (in Russian). Vremya Novostey. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
  6. ^ Stolyarova, Galina (1 July 2010). "Nuclear Power Vessel Launched". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  7. ^ "Work starts on on-shore infrastructure for Russian floating plant". World Nuclear News. 7 October 2016. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Floating plant arrives at Murmansk for fueling". World Nuclear News. 21 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Floating Nuclear Power Plant Will Be Key Element on Northern Sea Route". The Moscow Times. 4 July 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Russia's controversial floating nuclear plant sets sail for the Arctic". Global News. 23 August 2019. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Russia's first sea-borne nuclear power plant arrives to its base". Reuters. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  12. ^ «Академик Ломоносов» досрочно прибыл на место работы на Чукотке // Sputnik
  13. ^ "Russia connects floating plant to grid". World Nuclear News. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Russia commissions floating NPP : New Nuclear - World Nuclear News". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Two floating nuclear plants for Chukotka". World Nuclear News. 5 April 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  16. ^ Плавучая атомная теплоэлектростанция выдала первую электроэнергию в сеть Чукотки
  17. ^ "Rosatom says it's hitting schedule targets in prepping its floating nuclear plant - Bellona.org". Bellona.org. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Russia's floating 'nuclear Titanic' sets sail on first controversial voyage". The Independent. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  19. ^ "World's first floating nuclear power plant bound for the Arctic, warns Greenpeace". Greenpeace International. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Get the Facts". AKADEMIK LOMONOSOV, a floating nuclear power plant. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  21. ^ "The Nuclear Power Plant of the Future May Be Floating Near Russia". Retrieved 4 September 2018.

External Links[edit]

Coordinates: 69°42′00″N 170°19′00″E / 69.7°N 170.316667°E / 69.7; 170.316667