Kazan Rebellion of 1552–56

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Tatar Rebellion
Part of Russo-Kazan Wars, Cheremis Wars
Date 1552 – 1556
Location former Kazan Khanate, Russia
Result Decisive Russian victory
Muscovite Russia
Hill Cheremisa
People of Kazan
Meadow Cheremisa
Hill Cheremisa
Ar people
Nogai Horde
Commanders and leaders
Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky
Andrey Kurbsky
B. Saltykov
Gali Akram
Sayet Usayen
Tuaqmish Shahzada
Sarı Batır
Kebenke morza
Qulay morza
Casualties and losses
unknown dead
unknown wounded
at least 10 000 Cheremis dead[1][citation needed]
unknown wounded

The First Cheremis War or Tatar Rebellion (1552–1556), an uprising against Muscovite Russia, aimed to restore the Kazan Khanate, which Moscow had conquered in October 1552.

The rebel armies mostly consisted of Tatars, Chuvashes, Cheremises, Mordvins and Udmurts. Some Nogays were also involved in the war. Independent rebel governments formed in Chalem and in Mishatamaq, the khan were invited from the Nogai Horde. Russian troops under Andrey Kurbsky and Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky opposed the "rebels".

At the peak of the rebellion Tatars controlled the greater part of the former khanate. However, the city of Kazan, the former capital, remained under Russian control. Ivan IV sent major reinforcements to the Kazan area and harshly suppressed resistance. Deaths estimated at several thousands occurred.[2]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ (in Russian) Черемисские войны: история и современность Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ (in Tatar) "Qazan cirlärendä azatlıq suğışları/Казан җирләрендә азатлык сугышы". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.