Kazan Rebellion of 1552–56
|Part of Russo-Kazan Wars, Cheremis Wars|
|People of Kazan
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
|at least 10 000 Cheremis dead
The rebel armies mostly consisted of Tatars, Chuvashes, Cheremises, Mordvins and Udmurts. Some Nogays were also involved in the war. Independent rebel governments formed in Chalem and in Mishatamaq, the khan were invited from the Nogai Horde. Russian troops under Andrey Kurbsky and Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky opposed the "rebels".
At the peak of the rebellion Tatars controlled the greater part of the former khanate. However, the city of Kazan, the former capital, remained under Russian control. Ivan IV sent major reinforcements to the Kazan area and harshly suppressed resistance. Deaths estimated at several thousands occurred.
References and notes
- (in Russian) Черемисские войны: история и современность Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- (in Tatar) "Qazan cirlärendä azatlıq suğışları/Казан җирләрендә азатлык сугышы". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.