Kingdom of Araba

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For other places with similar names, see Araba.
Ruins of the capital Hatra

The Kingdom of Araba (or simply Araba) was a 2nd-century, semi-autonomous buffer kingdom between the Roman Empire and the Parthian Empire, mostly under Parthian influence, located in modern Iraq.[1] The city of Hatra was probably founded in the 3rd or 2nd century BCE, under the Seleucid kingdom.[1] Arabs were common in Mesopotamia at the time of the Seleucids (3rd century BC).[2] In the 1st and 2nd century, Hatra was ruled by a dynasty of Arabian princes.[1] It rose to prominence as the capital of Araba.[1] Hatra would become an important religious center as a result of its strategic position along caravan trade routes.[1]

Araba is sometimes identified as the first Arab state to be established outside of Arabia.[2] For others, that distinction is accorded to Al-Hirah (circa 300 CE), a vassal of the Sassanid Empire.[2]

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  1. ^ a b c d e "Araba (ancient state, Iraq)". Britannica. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Ramirez-Faria, 2007, p. 33.