Kiruna Municipality

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Kiruna Municipality
Kiruna kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Kiruna Municipality
Coat of arms
Kiruna Municipality in Norrbotten County.png
Coordinates: 67°51′N 020°13′E / 67.850°N 20.217°E / 67.850; 20.217Coordinates: 67°51′N 020°13′E / 67.850°N 20.217°E / 67.850; 20.217
CountrySweden
CountyNorrbotten County
SeatKiruna
Area[1]
 • Total20,551.42 km2 (7,934.95 sq mi)
 • Land19,140.33 km2 (7,390.12 sq mi)
 • Water1,411.09 km2 (544.82 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population (31 December 2017)[2]
 • Total23,116
 • Density1.1/km2 (2.9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceLapland
Municipal code2584
Websitewww.kiruna.se

Kiruna Municipality (Swedish: Kiruna kommun, Finnish: Kiirunan kunta, Norwegian: Kiruna kommune, Northern Sami: Girona gielda) is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northernmost Sweden. Its seat is located in Kiruna. It is the northernmost municipality in Sweden, and at 20,715 square kilometres (7,998 sq mi) is Sweden's geographically largest covering roughly 4.604% of its total area.

Finnish, Meänkieli and Sami have the official status of being minority languages in the municipality.

During the 20th century the mining settlement Kiruna was built in the parish of Jukkasjärvi, at that time a rural municipality in very remote territory. A so-called municipalsamhälle (which was a kind of borough established within a rural municipality to take care of some matters of urban character) was instituted in 1908. The settlement grew (it even had a tramway system) and it was decided to make it a city. On 1 January 1948 the whole parish of Jukkasjärvi was transformed into the City of Kiruna. As the vast wilderness around the town itself was included, Kiruna was at that time regarded as the largest city municipality in the world. Only a few more cities were instituted in Sweden, the last one in 1951. Instead the differences between the three types of municipalities were diminished and finally abolished altogether. In 1971 Kiruna, as all others, became a unitary municipality and at the same time merged with Karesuando.

Geography[edit]

Kebnekaise is Sweden's and Sápmi's highest mountain at 2,104 metres above mean sea level. There are more than 6,000 lakes in Kiruna municipality, Lake Torneträsk being the largest. Seven rivers run through the municipality, named Kalix River, Torne River, Lainio River, Rautas River and Vittangi River, as well as Könkämä River and Muonio River which mark the border to Finland. The untouched geography has also been noted with the establishment of Abisko National Park, by the Norwegian border, established as early as 1909.

Localities[edit]

There are seven localities (or urban areas) in Kiruna Municipality:[3]

# Locality Population
1 Kiruna 18,154
2 Vittangi 789
3 Jukkasjärvi 519
4 Svappavaara 394
5 Kuttainen 364
6 Karesuando 313
7 Övre Soppero 220

The municipal seat in bold

Elections[edit]

Riksdag[edit]

These are the results of the elections to the Riksdag for Kiruna Municipality since the 1972 municipal reform. Norrbotten Party also contested the 1994 election but due to the party's small size at a nationwide level SCB did not publish the party's results at a municipal level. The same applies to the Sweden Democrats between 1988 and 1998. "Turnout" denotes the percentage of eligible voters casting any ballots, whereas "Votes" denotes the number of actual valid ballots cast.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND NP/SP
1973[4] 83.5 15,875 19.9 52.2 0.0 12.8 6.6 1.3 6.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
1976[5] 85.1 17,083 15.8 56.8 0.0 12.2 7.0 1.1 6.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
1979[6] 86.2 17,283 14.6 58.7 0.0 7.3 6.3 1.3 8.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
1982[7] 87.9 17,626 15.5 62.7 0.9 5.4 2.6 1.3 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1985[8] 84.9 16,597 16.2 60.9 0.7 4.8 6.9 0.0 9.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1988[9] 79.1 15,308 16.2 60.7 2.9 3.7 6.3 1.7 7.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
1991[10] 80.1 15,373 14.1 58.2 1.9 2.9 5.8 3.5 9.9 0.0 2.8 0.0
1994[11] 84.5 16,299 19.2 58.6 3.6 2.0 3.6 2.0 9.2 0.0 0.3 0.0
1998[12] 78.4 14,566 27.2 49.2 2.8 1.2 2.2 5.1 10.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
2002[13] 77.5 13,709 14.8 40.9 5.2 1.9 4.1 3.8 4.4 0.0 0.0 23.5
2006[14] 78.8 13,762 15.0 51.8 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.9 9.5 2.4 0.0 3.9
2010[15] 82.3 14,535 14.0 51.7 5.2 2.6 3.2 3.2 13.2 5.7 0.0 0.0
2014[16] 84.3 14,964 11.6 47.4 5.2 3.0 2.3 3.4 10.3 13.2 0.0 0.0

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 83.5 15,875 72.1 26.0 0.0 1.9 98.1
1976 85.1 17,083 72.6 25.7 0.0 1.9 98.1
1979 86.2 17,283 73.3 22.4 0.0 4.3 95.7
1982 87.9 17,626 78.2 18.0 0.0 3.8 96.2
1985 84.9 16,597 77.1 20.7 0.0 2.2 97.8
1988 79.1 15,308 79.8 17.3 0.0 2.9 97.1
1991 80.1 15,373 73.0 22.1 0.0 4.9 95.1
1994 84.5 16,299 81.4 16.8 0.0 1.8 98.2
1998 78.4 14,566 79.2 19.2 0.0 1.6 98.4
2002 77.5 13,709 60.9 14.2 0.0 24.9 75.1
2006 78.8 13,762 70.5 19.9 0.0 8.4 91.4
2010 82.3 14,535 70.9 22.2 5.7 1.2 98.8
2014 84.3 14,964 64.2 19.0 13.2 3.6 96.4

Sister city[edit]

Kiruna Municipality has one sister city:

Notable native[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2017" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  3. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 168)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 163)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 187)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 189)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 189)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 169)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 32)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 46)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 43)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kiruna kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kiruna kommun 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kiruna kommun 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Kiruna kommun 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 15 August 2017.

External links[edit]