Kiya Buzurg Ummid

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Kiya Buzurg-Ummid
Title Dāʿī
Born Unknown
Died 1138
Ethnicity Dailamite
Region Iran
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Nizari Ismaili Shi'ism
Main interest(s) Islamic theology, Islamic jurisprudence
Notable idea(s) Evolution, Oneness of God

Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd (Persian: کیا بزرگ امید‎‎) (died 1138) was a dāʿī and the second Nizari Isma'ili ruler of Alamut Castle from 1124 to 1138 CE (or 518—532 AH). He was of Daylami origin[1] from the region of Rudbar.

Kiya Buzurg captured the Lambsar Castle from Rasamuj and rebuilt it into a major stronghold using local labour. He was appointed by Hasan Sabbah (d. 1124) as its governor.[2]

Ruler of Alamūt[edit]

On 25 Rabīʿ II 518 (11 June 1124), a day before death of Ḥasan-e Ṣabbaḥ, Ḥasan appointed him his successor. He generally followed the policies of Ḥasan-e Ṣabbaḥ and enforced the Sharia strictly. In his early reign the Isma'ili hold was expanded in particular in Eshkevar and Taleghan.[1]

Works[edit]

The text of a bedtime prayer, titled "Prayer in Bedtime" (دعا در هنگام خواب du'ā dar hingām-i khwāb) in Persian attributed to Kiya Buzurg Ummid, is preserved in a manuscript of the Institute of Ismaili Studies in London.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Succession - The commander of Alamūt Castle[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hassan-i Sabbah
1st Commander of Alamut Castle
(1st Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)
Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd
2nd Commander of Alamut Castle
(2nd Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)

1124–1138
Succeeded by
Muḥammad ibn Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd
3rd Commander of Alamut Castle
(3rd Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)