Klaus Nomi

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Klaus Nomi
Nomi performing in 1979
Nomi performing in 1979
Background information
Birth nameKlaus Sperber
Born(1944-01-24)January 24, 1944
Immenstadt, Gau Swabia, Greater German Reich
DiedAugust 6, 1983(1983-08-06) (aged 39)
New York City, New York, U.S.
GenresNew wave, synthpop, opera, experimental, baroque, disco
Occupation(s)Singer, songwriter, musician, performance artist
Years active1978–1983
LabelsRCA
Associated actsJoey Arias, Man Parrish, Kristian Hoffman, David Bowie
Websitewww.thenomisong.com Edit this at Wikidata

Klaus Sperber (January 24, 1944 – August 6, 1983), known professionally as Klaus Nomi, was a German countertenor noted for his wide vocal range and an unusual, otherworldly stage persona.

In the 1970s Nomi immersed himself in the East Village art scene. He was known for his bizarrely visionary theatrical live performances, heavy make-up, unusual costumes, and a highly stylized signature hairdo that flaunted a receding hairline. His songs were equally unusual, ranging from synthesizer-laden interpretations of classical opera to covers of 1960s pop standards like Chubby Checker's "The Twist" and Lou Christie's "Lightnin' Strikes". Nomi was one of David Bowie's backup singers for a 1979 performance on Saturday Night Live.[1]

Nomi died in 1983 at the age of 39 as a result of complications from AIDS. He was one of the earliest known figures from the arts community to die from the illness.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

Early life and career[edit]

Klaus Nomi was born Klaus Sperber in Immenstadt, Bavaria, Germany on January 24, 1944. In the 1960s, he worked as an usher at the Deutsche Oper in West Berlin where he sang for the other ushers and maintenance crew on stage in front of the fire curtain after performances. He also sang opera arias at the Berlin gay discothèque Kleist Casino.[4]

Nomi emigrated to New York City in 1972.[5][6] He did some off-Broadway theater work and moonlighted as a pastry chef.[7]

In 1977, Nomi appeared in a satirical camp production of Richard Wagner's Das Rheingold at Charles Ludlam's Ridiculous Theater Company as the Rheinmaidens and the Wood Bird.[8]

Music career[edit]

Nomi came to the attention of the East Village art scene in 1978 with his performance in "New Wave Vaudeville", a four-night event MC'd by artist David McDermott.[8] Dressed in a skin-tight spacesuit with a clear plastic cape, Nomi sang the aria "Mon cœur s'ouvre à ta voix" ("My heart opens to your voice") from Camille Saint-Saëns' opera Samson et Dalila The performance ended with a chaotic crash of strobe lights, smoke bombs, and loud electronic sound effects as Nomi backed away into the smoke. Joey Arias recalled: "I still get goose pimples when I think about it... It was like he was from a different planet and his parents were calling him home. When the smoke cleared, he was gone." After that performance Nomi was invited to perform at clubs all over New York City.[8]

At the New Wave Vaudeville show Nomi met Kristian Hoffman, songwriter for the Mumps. Hoffman was a performer and MC in the second incarnation of New Wave Vaudeville and a close friend of Susan Hannaford and Tom Scully, who produced the show, and Ann Magnuson, who directed it. Anya Phillips, then manager of James Chance and the Contortions, suggested Nomi and Hoffman form a band. Hoffman became Nomi's de facto musical director, assembling a band that included Page Wood from another New Wave vaudeville act, Come On, and Joe Katz, who was concurrently in The Student Teachers, the Accidents, and The Mumps.

Hoffman helped Nomi choose his pop covers, including the Lou Christie song "Lightnin' Strikes". Hoffman wrote several pop songs with which Nomi is closely identified: "The Nomi Song", "Total Eclipse", "After The Fall", and "Simple Man", the title song of Nomi's second RCA French LP. This configuration of the Klaus Nomi band performed at Manhattan clubs, including several performances at Max's Kansas City, Danceteria, Hurrah and the Mudd Club.[9] He also appeared on Manhattan Cable's TV Party.

Disagreements with the management Nomi engaged led to a dissolution of this band, and Nomi continued without them. In the late 1970s, while performing at Club 57, The Mudd Club, The Pyramid Club, and other venues, Nomi assembled various up-and-coming models, singers, artists, and musicians to perform live with him, including Joey Arias, Keith Haring, John Sex and Kenny Scharf.[8] He was briefly involved with Jean-Michel Basquiat, then known for his graffiti art as SAMO.[10]

Nomi and Arias were introduced to David Bowie at the Mudd Club, who hired them as performers and backup singers for his appearance on Saturday Night Live on December 15, 1979.[11] They performed "TVC 15", "The Man Who Sold the World", and "Boys Keep Swinging".[12] During the performance of "TVC 15", Nomi and Arias dragged around a large prop pink poodle with a television screen in its mouth. Nomi was so impressed with the plastic quasi-tuxedo suit that Bowie wore during "The Man Who Sold the World" that he commissioned one for himself. He wore the suit on the cover of his self-titled album, as well as during a number of his music videos. Nomi wore his variant of the outfit, in monochromatic black-and-white with spandex and makeup to match, until the last few months of his life.

Nomi played a supporting role as a Nazi official in Anders Grafstrom's 1980 underground film The Long Island Four.[13]

The 1981 rock documentary film Urgh! A Music War features Nomi's live performance of "Total Eclipse."[8] His performance of "Mon cœur s'ouvre à ta voix" was used for the closing credits. In the liner notes of Nomi's 1981 self-titled record, 666 Fifth Avenue was listed as the contact address.

He released his second album, Simple Man, in November 1982. He also collaborated with producer Man Parrish, appearing on Parrish's 1982 album Man Parrish as a backup vocalist on the track "Six Simple Synthesizers".[14]

In the last several months of his life, Nomi changed his focus to operatic pieces and adopted a Baroque era operatic outfit complete with full collar as his typical onstage attire. The collar helped cover the outbreaks of Kaposi's sarcoma on his neck, one of the numerous AIDS-related diseases Nomi developed toward the end of his life.[3]

Illness and death[edit]

Nomi died at the Sloan Kettering Hospital Center in New York City on August 6, 1983. He was one of the first celebrities to die of complications from AIDS.[15] Upon his death, Nomi's close friend Joey Arias became the executor of his estate.[16] His ashes were spread across New York City.[7]

Legacy[edit]

Filmmakers such as Andrew Horn and writers such as Jim Fouratt consider Nomi an important part of the 1980s East Village scene, which was a hotbed of development for punk rock music, the visual arts and the avant-garde. Although Nomi's work had not yet met with national commercial success at the time of his death, he garnered a cult following, mainly in New York and in France.[17] Andrew Horn's 2004 feature documentary about Nomi's life, The Nomi Song,[18] which was released by Palm Pictures, helped spur renewed interest in the singer, including an art exhibit in San Francisco at the New Langton Arts gallery and one in Milan at the Res Pira Lab, which subsequently moved to Berlin's Strychnin Gallery, called "Do You Nomi?". New music pieces inspired by Nomi were commissioned by the gallery for a variety of European musicians, including Ernesto Tomasini, a singer often considered to be Nomi's heir.[19][20][21][22]

In pop culture

In 2001, German pop duo Rosenstolz and English singer Marc Almond recorded a cover version of "Total Eclipse".[23][24] Garbage used his "Valentine’s Day" song as the basis for their 2012 "Beloved Freak".

Nomi makes an appearance in Derf Backderf's graphic novel Punk Rock and Trailer Parks, released in 2008.[25]

Nomi is one of the Sovereign's bodyguards in the Adult Swim series The Venture Bros. The Sovereign is the leader of the Guild of Calamitous Intent, and often takes the form of David Bowie.

In the film Suspiria (2018), Nomi singing "Total Eclipse" can be heard on the in the background on the radio in the room of another dancer.[26]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Compilations[edit]

  • 1983: Encore
  • 1991: The Collection

Live[edit]

  • 1986: In Concert (RCA) – Recorded in 1979

Singles[edit]

Music videos[edit]

  • 1982: "Simple Man" (directed and edited by John Zieman)
  • 1982: "Lightning Strikes"
  • 1982: "Nomi Song"
  • 1982: "Falling in Love Again"

Film appearances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Klaus Nomi | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  2. ^ Smith, Rupert (July 1994), "Klaus Nomi", Attitude, London, England, vol. 1, no. 3.
  3. ^ a b Rosenzweig, Leah (November 30, 2018). "Cause of Death: Uncovering the hidden history of AIDS on The New York Times obituary page". Slate.com. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  4. ^ Aston, Martin (2016). Breaking Down the Walls of Heartache: How Music Came Out. ISBN 978-1472122438.
  5. ^ Gdula, Steven (September 14, 1999), "Eclipsed: The Best of Klaus Nomi (Review)", The Advocate
  6. ^ Smith, Rupert (July 1994), "Klaus Nomi", Attitude, vol. 1, no. 3
  7. ^ a b Landoli, Kathy (December 10, 2015). "The Curious Career of Klaus Nomi". Pitchfork (in American English). Retrieved November 22, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ a b c d e Hager, Steven (1986), Art After Midnight: The East Village Scene, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-04976-8, OCLC 939928152
  9. ^ Boch, Richard (2017). The Mudd Club. Port Townsend, WA: Feral House. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-62731-051-2. OCLC 972429558.
  10. ^ Hoban, Phoebe (1998). Basquiat: A Quick Killing In Art. New York: Viking. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-0-670-85477-6.
  11. ^ Arias, Joey (January 11, 2016). "My Saturday Night (Live) With Bowie". www.out.com. Retrieved November 22, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ Whatley, Jack (July 4, 2020). "When David Bowie performed on Saturday Night Live, 1979" (in American English). Retrieved November 22, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Internet Movie Database: The Long Island Four
  14. ^ "Interview: Man Parrish on "Hip Hop Be Bop," Klaus Nomi and (Not) Sleeping With Madonna". daily.redbullmusicacademy.com. Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  15. ^ Kort, Michele (February 15, 2005), "Klaus and effect", The Advocate, archived from the original on February 12, 2008, retrieved November 2, 2007
  16. ^ King, John Paul (December 10, 2019). "Queer icon Joey Arias donates archives to Harvard". Los Angeles Blade: LGBTQ News, Rights, Politics, Entertainment (in American English). Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  17. ^ Cvejić, Žarko (2009). "Do You Nomi?: Klaus Nomi and the Politics of (Non)identification". Women and Music: A Journal of Gender and Culture. 13 (1): 66–75. doi:10.1353/wam.0.0016.
  18. ^ "The Advocate". The Advocate : The National Gay & Lesbian Newsmagazine. Here Publishing: 56. February 15, 2005. ISSN 0001-8996. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  19. ^ Clare, Lenora (2008), "Naked City: Informer (article)", Frontiers, vol. 27, no. 2, archived from the original on May 31, 2008
  20. ^ "Man Parrish on the Angie Bowie Show, 2014". blogtalkradio.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  21. ^ Diana, Barbara (2008), "Ladies and Gentlemen Ernesto Tomasini (article)", Il Giornale della Musica, no. April 28
  22. ^ M, G (2011), "OTHON: Digital Angel (article)", African Paper, no. August 31
  23. ^ Köhnlein, Stephan (October 8, 2001), ""Wir hassen Schlager"" (in German), Rhein-Zeitung
  24. ^ "Rosenstolz – Marc Almond – Nina Hagen – Total Eclipse – swisscharts.com", Hung Medien
  25. ^ "Derf Backderf a écrit une BD géniale sur la scène punk d'Akron, Ohio". www.vice.com (in French). Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  26. ^ Klaus Nomi - List of Songs heard in Movies & TV Shows, retrieved November 22, 2021
  27. ^ "Out". Out : America's Best Selling Gay and Lesbian Magazine. Here Publishing: 82. June 2005. ISSN 1062-7928. Retrieved January 26, 2017.

External links[edit]