Klepp

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Klepp kommune
Municipality
View of the Orrestranda beach along the Klepp coast
View of the Orrestranda beach along the Klepp coast
Coat of arms of Klepp kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Klepp kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Klepp within Rogaland
Klepp within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°46′38″N 05°35′48″E / 58.77722°N 5.59667°E / 58.77722; 5.59667Coordinates: 58°46′38″N 05°35′48″E / 58.77722°N 5.59667°E / 58.77722; 5.59667
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Jæren
Administrative centre Kleppe
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Ane Mari Braut Nese (H)
Area
 • Total 113.49 km2 (43.82 sq mi)
 • Land 102.35 km2 (39.52 sq mi)
 • Water 11.14 km2 (4.30 sq mi)
Area rank 374 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 18,970
 • Rank 60 in Norway
 • Density 185.3/km2 (480/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 27.9 %
Demonym(s) Kleppsbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1120
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.klepp.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Klepp is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Jæren. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kleppe. Other villages in Klepp include Klepp stasjon, Orre, Orstad, Pollestad, Verdalen, and Voll.[2]

The population around Kleppe is growing rapidly, mostly in the form of suburban single-family homes, but also in the form of some apartment blocks. There is a shopping mall in Kleppe called Jærhagen.

Klepp is a flat and open agricultural landscape. The highest point, Tinghaug, is at 102 metres (335 ft) above sea level. There are long stretches of sand beaches along the North Sea coastline in the west.[2]

General information[edit]

View of Kleppe
View of the agricultural landscape of Klepp
Shoreline near Bore

The old parish of Klep was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The boundaries of the municipality have not changed since that time.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Klepp farm (Old Norse: Kleppr), since the first Klepp Church was built there. The inscription on the Klepp I Runestone indicates that the name has been in use since the late 10th or early 11th century. The name is identical with the word kleppr which means "rocky hill". Before 1912, the name was written "Klep".[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms were granted on 18 February 1972. The arms features a gold cross on a blue background. The cross on the arms symbolizes the large stone cross at Krosshaug in Klepp. Krosshaug is a grave hill located near the site where the local thing met for centuries. The Old Norse word haugr means mound or barrow, hence the name "kross"-haug. The cross was considered a representative historic symbol for the municipality.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Klepp. It is part of the Jæren deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Klepp
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bore Bore Church Bore 1891
Frøyland og Orstad** Frøyland og Orstad Church Orstad 2008
Klepp Klepp Church Kleppe 1846
Orre Orre Church Pollestad 1950
Old Orre Church Orre c. 1250
**Note: Frøyland og Orstad parish covers part of Klepp municipality and part of Time municipality.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 4,973 —    
1961 5,980 +20.2%
1971 8,878 +48.5%
1981 10,758 +21.2%
1991 11,871 +10.3%
2001 13,884 +17.0%
2011 17,397 +25.3%
2016 18,970 +9.0%
Source: Statistics Norway.[6]

The earliest traces of population in the municipality have been dated to around 6000 BC. At that time, the land was covered by large oak woods. The large stone cross standing on the grave hill Krosshaug dates from around 1000 AD and is possibly the oldest in Norway. It is adjacent to Tinghaug, the site for a local Thing for many centuries during the Iron Age. Tinghaug probably acted as a site for the local court and assembly for many centuries.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the city of Stavanger. Neighbouring municipalities are to the south, Time to the south and east, Sola and Sandnes to the north. The coastline is agricultural and consists of, from south to north, the areas Orre, Reve, Bore and Sele.

The long Orrestranda beach, one of the longest sandy beaches in Norway, is in Klepp. The river Figgjoelva empties into the North Sea in Klepp. The small island of Feistein lies off shore and is the site of the Feistein Lighthouse. There are two large lakes in Klepp: Orrevatnet and Frøylandsvatnet.

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Klepp
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
5.5
(41.9)
9.8
(49.6)
12.7
(54.9)
14
(57)
14.2
(57.6)
11.7
(53.1)
8.6
(47.5)
4.5
(40.1)
2.1
(35.8)
7.2
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 102
(4.02)
71
(2.8)
79
(3.11)
58
(2.28)
68
(2.68)
74
(2.91)
97
(3.82)
123
(4.84)
158
(6.22)
158
(6.22)
150
(5.91)
125
(4.92)
1,260
(49.61)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[7]

Transportation[edit]

The Sørlandet railway line, historically called the Jæren Line, runs through Klepp along lake Frøylandsvatnet. The village of Klepp stasjon, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Kleppe, is built around the train station Klepp Station. The nearby Oksnevadporten Station is the other railway station in Klepp.

Economy[edit]

Klepp is the second largest agricultural municipality in Rogaland, with a total of around 600 farms. Kverneland Group, located in Kvernaland, is the largest manufacturer of agricultural equipment in the world.

Sports[edit]

The local sports club Klepp IL most notably has a women's football team in the Norwegian top league. Famous players include Dagny Mellgren and the national team captain Ane Stangeland Horpestad. Gymnast Åge Storhaug also represented the club.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Klepp, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Klepp is made up of 31 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Klepp Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 5
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 6
  Conservative Party Høgre 9
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 5
  Green Party Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 4
  Liberal Party Venstre 1
Total number of members: 31

Mayor[edit]

Since 2011, Ane Mari Braut Nese of the Conservative Party has been the mayor. She succeeded Elfin Lea of the same party, who served from 1999 to 2011.

Parliament[edit]

There have been many members of the Parliament of Norway from Klepp. Thore Larsen Braut and Karl K. Kleppe were members of Parliament prior to the Second World War. After the war Lars Storhaug, Oddbjørg Ausdal Starrfelt, and Knut Haus have been members of Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Klepp" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 125. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  6. ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway
  7. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. 

External links[edit]