View of the Orrestranda beach along the Klepp coast
Klepp within Rogaland
|• Mayor (2011)||Ane Mari Braut Nese (H)|
|• Total||113.49 km2 (43.82 sq mi)|
|• Land||102.35 km2 (39.52 sq mi)|
|• Water||11.14 km2 (4.30 sq mi)|
|Area rank||#370 in Norway|
|• Rank||#60 in Norway|
|• Density||186/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||24.7%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1120|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
Klepp is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Jæren. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kleppe. Other villages in Klepp include Klepp stasjon, Orre, Orstad, Pollestad, Verdalen, and Voll. Klepp is a flat and open agricultural landscape. The highest point, Tinghaug, is at 102 metres (335 ft) above sea level. There are long stretches of sand beaches along the North Sea coastline in the west.
The 113-square-kilometre (44 sq mi) municipality is the 370th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Klepp is the 60th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 19,042. The municipality's population density is 186 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi) and its population has increased by 24.7% over the last decade. The population around Kleppe is growing rapidly, mostly in the form of suburban single-family homes, but also in the form of some apartment blocks. There is a shopping mall in Kleppe called Jærhagen.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Klepp farm (Old Norse: Kleppr), since the first Klepp Church was built there. The inscription on the Klepp I Runestone indicates that the name has been in use since the late 10th or early 11th century. The name is identical with the word kleppr which means "rocky hill". Before 1912, the name was written "Klep".
The coat-of-arms were granted on 18 February 1972. The arms features a gold cross on a blue background. The cross on the arms symbolizes the large stone cross at Krosshaug in Klepp. Krosshaug is a grave hill located near the site where the local thing met for centuries. The Old Norse word haugr means mound or barrow, hence the name "kross"-haug. The cross was considered a representative historic symbol for the municipality.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Frøyland og Orstad**||Frøyland og Orstad Church||Orstad||2008|
|Old Orre Church||Orre||c. 1250|
|**Note: Frøyland og Orstad parish covers part of Klepp municipality and part of Time municipality.|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
The earliest traces of population in the municipality have been dated to around 6000 BC. At that time, the land was covered by large oak woods. The large stone cross standing on the grave hill Krosshaug dates from around 1000 AD and is possibly the oldest in Norway. It is adjacent to Tinghaug, the site for a local Thing for many centuries during the Iron Age. Tinghaug probably acted as a site for the local court and assembly for many centuries.
The municipality is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the city of Stavanger. Neighbouring municipalities are Hå to the south, Time to the south and east, Sola and Sandnes to the north. The coastline is agricultural and consists of, from south to north, the areas Orre, Reve, Bore and Sele.
The long Orrestranda beach, one of the longest sandy beaches in Norway, is in Klepp. The river Figgjoelva empties into the North Sea in Klepp. The small island of Feistein lies off shore and is the site of the Feistein Lighthouse. There are two large lakes in Klepp: Orrevatnet and Frøylandsvatnet.
|Climate data for Klepp|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||102
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
The Sørlandet railway line, historically called the Jæren Line, runs through Klepp along lake Frøylandsvatnet. The village of Klepp stasjon, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Kleppe, is built around the train station Klepp Station. The nearby Oksnevadporten Station is the other railway station in Klepp.
Klepp is the second largest agricultural municipality in Rogaland, with a total of around 600 farms. Kverneland Group, located in Kvernaland, is the largest manufacturer of agricultural equipment in the world.
The local sports club Klepp IL most notably has a women's football team in the Norwegian top league. Famous players include Dagny Mellgren and the national team captain Ane Stangeland Horpestad. Gymnast Åge Storhaug also represented the club.
All municipalities in Norway, including Klepp, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||5|
|Green Party||Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne||1|
|Total number of members:||31|
Since 2011, Ane Mari Braut Nese of the Conservative Party has been the mayor. She succeeded Elfin Lea of the same party, who served from 1999 to 2011.
There have been many members of the Parliament of Norway from Klepp. Thore Larsen Braut and Karl K. Kleppe were members of Parliament prior to the Second World War. After the war Lars Storhaug, Oddbjørg Ausdal Starrfelt, and Knut Haus have been members of Parliament.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Store norske leksikon. "Klepp" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-01.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 125.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- Projected population – Statistics Norway[permanent dead link]
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
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|Look up Klepp in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|