Kvitsøy

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This article is about the municipality in Rogaland, Norway. For the island in Norway, see Kvitsøy (island).
Kvitsøy kommune
Municipality
View of Ydstebøhamn
View of Ydstebøhamn
Coat of arms of Kvitsøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kvitsøy kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Kvitsøy within Rogaland
Kvitsøy within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°3′44″N 05°24′42″E / 59.06222°N 5.41167°E / 59.06222; 5.41167Coordinates: 59°3′44″N 05°24′42″E / 59.06222°N 5.41167°E / 59.06222; 5.41167
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Ryfylke
Administrative centre Ydstebøhamn
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Mirjam Ydstebø (KrF)
Area
 • Total 6.29 km2 (2.43 sq mi)
 • Land 6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
 • Water 0.01 km2 (0.004 sq mi)
Area rank 428 in Norway
Population (2015)
 • Total 534
 • Rank 423 in Norway
 • Density 85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 4.5 %
Demonym(s) Kvitsøybu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1144
Official language form Neutral
Website www.kvitsoy.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Kvitsøy is an island municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. At only 6.29-square-kilometre (2.43 sq mi), it is the smallest municipality in Norway by area. Kvitsøy is located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ydstebøhamn on the island of Kvitsøy. The municipality is an archipelago located at the entrance to the large Boknafjorden. It sits about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) northwest of the mainland Stavanger peninsula. There are plans for the Rogfast tunnel to eventually connect Kvitsøy to the mainland road network.

General information[edit]

The islands of Kvitsøy were established as a municipality on 1 January 1923 when they were separated from the municipality of Mosterøy on 1 January 1923. Initially, the municipality had 581 residents. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Hvítingsøy(jar) which means "the white island(s)", probably because there is white quartz in the rocks on the islands. Originally, the spelling of the municipality was "Kvitingsø", but later it was shortened to "Kvitsøy".[2][3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted in 1989. The arms show three silver lighthouses on a field of blue. The choice of lighthouses and the color blue are symbolic of the importance of the sea for this island municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Kvitsøy. It is part of the Tungenes deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Kvitsøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kvitsøy Kvitsøy Church Kvitsøy 1620

History[edit]

Kvitsøy is first mentioned in the Snorre Saga, where Snorre records a truce being made between King Olaf II of Norway later to be known as St. Olav (Norwegian: Hellige Olav) and Erling Skjalgsson, under the stone cross. Later it seems that the islands were owned by the Church until the reformation in 1536 (when the nation switched from Roman Catholicism to Lutheranism), when it became Crown property. In 1591, the population had become large enough to fund the construction of the Kvitsøy Church, which is still standing and the first new church in the county after the reformation. From the mid-18th century, Kvitsøy was the location of one of the first navigation beacons in western Norway, and this was later converted to a lighthouse service when the Kvitsøy Lighthouse was built. Kvitsøy Vessel Traffic Service Centre opened on 3 January 2003.[5]

Transmitter[edit]

Kvitsøy used to be the site of high power short wave and medium wave broadcasting transmitters of the national broadcasting company, NRK. The aerial tower of the medium-wave transmitter is the Kvitsøy Tower. The transmitter for the medium-wave channel 1314 kHz was switched off at 22:00 UTC (Midnight local time) on Friday June 30, 2006, shortwave broadcasts continued until 2011. In May and June 2012, the entire site was dismantled.[6]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Kvitsøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Kvitsøy is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Kvitsøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 13
Total number of members: 15

Geography[edit]

The municipality is an archipelago located at the entrance to the large Boknafjorden. It sits about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) northwest of the mainland Stavanger peninsula and south of the islands of Karmøy and Vestre Bokn. The largest island is Kvitsøy, and it is connected with a few of the other islands in the archipelago, but most of the islands are uninhabited. In 2015, a tidal wave hit the area; however, no one was injured.

Nature[edit]

View of Kvitsøy

Climate[edit]

The islands are completely engulfed by the Gulf Stream and hence have a typically wet West Nordic coastal climate. The sea between the islands and the mainland is never frozen.

Fauna and flora[edit]

There are no larger mammals in Kvitsøy except for seals (kobbe) and small dolphins (nise). The islands have a rich marine bird life. Many different plants are found on the islands. Some are natural to Norwegian flora, while others have been transported by ships emptying their hulls of ballast before entering the port of the nearby city of Stavanger.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 270. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-12-08. 
  5. ^ Førde, Thomas (2003-01-03). "Kvitsøy passer på til havs". Stavanger Aftenblad (in Norwegian). p. 19. 
  6. ^ Vaage, Lars Idar (2012-05-31). "Her sprenges den 125 meter høye masten". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-12-08. 
  7. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]