Knox County, Maine

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Knox County
Knox County Courthouse
Knox County Courthouse
Map of Maine highlighting Knox County
Location within the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°07′12″N 69°07′40″W / 44.119938°N 69.127899°W / 44.119938; -69.127899
Country United States
State Maine
FoundedApril 1, 1860
Named forHenry Knox
SeatRockland
Largest cityRockland
Area
 • Total1,144 sq mi (2,960 km2)
 • Land365 sq mi (950 km2)
 • Water779 sq mi (2,020 km2)  68%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total40,607
 • Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.knoxcountymaine.gov

Knox County is a county located in the state of Maine, in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 40,607.[1] Its county seat is Rockland.[2] The county is named for American Revolutionary War general and Secretary of War Henry Knox,[3] who lived in the county from 1795 until his death in 1806. The county was established on April 1, 1860, and is the most recent county to be created in Maine. It was carved from parts of Waldo and Lincoln counties. The Union Fair, started in 1868, began as the efforts of the North Knox Agricultural and Horticultural Society.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,144 square miles (2,960 km2), of which 365 square miles (950 km2) is land and 779 square miles (2,020 km2) (68%) is water.[5] It is the second-smallest county in Maine by land area. It was originally part of the Waldo Patent.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186032,716
187030,823−5.8%
188032,8636.6%
189031,473−4.2%
190030,406−3.4%
191028,981−4.7%
192026,245−9.4%
193027,6935.5%
194027,191−1.8%
195028,1213.4%
196028,5751.6%
197029,0131.5%
198032,94113.5%
199036,31010.2%
200039,6189.1%
201039,7360.3%
202040,6072.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[10]

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 39,618 people, 16,608 households, and 10,728 families living in the county. The population density was 108 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 21,612 housing units at an average density of 59 per square mile (23/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.28% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.4% were of English, 12.2% Irish, 11.7% United States or American, 7.5% German and 5.7% French ancestry. 97.1% spoke English and 1.5% French as their first language.[11] Of the 16,608 households 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 29.00% of households were one person and 12.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

The age distribution was 22.40% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median household income was $36,774 and the median family income was $43,819. Males had a median income of $30,704 versus $22,382 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,981. About 6.40% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census, there were 39,736 people, 17,258 households, and 10,662 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 108.8 inhabitants per square mile (42.0/km2). There were 23,744 housing units at an average density of 65.0 per square mile (25.1/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 31.3% were English, 19.0% were Irish, 12.8% were German, 6.9% were Scottish, and 5.9% were American.[14]

Of the 17,258 households, 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families, and 31.0% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.75. The median age was 46.2 years.[12]

The median household income was $45,264 and the median family income was $55,830. Males had a median income of $40,712 versus $29,732 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,291. About 7.9% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[edit]

In 2012, Knox County voted 55% in favor of a measure to legalize same-sex marriage.[16]

Voter registration[edit]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of May 2019 [needs update][17]
Democratic 10,857 35.3%
Unenrolled 10,220 33.22%
Republican 8,424 27.39%
Green Independent 1,256 4.08%
Libertarian 3 0.01%
Total 30,760 100%
United States presidential election results for Knox County, Maine[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,982 38.79% 15,110 58.72% 642 2.49%
2016 9,148 39.52% 12,443 53.76% 1,556 6.72%
2012 8,248 37.38% 13,223 59.92% 596 2.70%
2008 8,816 38.36% 13,728 59.74% 436 1.90%
2004 10,103 43.46% 12,690 54.59% 454 1.95%
2000 8,968 43.74% 9,453 46.11% 2,080 10.15%
1996 6,192 32.79% 8,839 46.81% 3,852 20.40%
1992 6,310 31.03% 7,631 37.52% 6,397 31.45%
1988 10,156 57.54% 7,343 41.60% 151 0.86%
1984 11,311 65.00% 6,024 34.62% 66 0.38%
1980 7,631 48.98% 5,732 36.79% 2,218 14.24%
1976 8,315 56.24% 5,922 40.05% 549 3.71%
1972 8,478 70.19% 3,601 29.81% 0 0.00%
1968 6,585 55.25% 5,119 42.95% 214 1.80%
1964 4,404 38.53% 7,022 61.43% 4 0.03%
1960 9,083 70.41% 3,816 29.58% 1 0.01%
1956 8,866 81.32% 2,037 18.68% 0 0.00%
1952 8,793 78.32% 2,414 21.50% 20 0.18%
1948 5,374 72.67% 1,924 26.02% 97 1.31%
1944 5,590 59.70% 3,758 40.14% 15 0.16%
1940 6,530 60.76% 4,197 39.05% 20 0.19%
1936 6,567 60.36% 3,991 36.69% 321 2.95%
1932 6,169 55.28% 4,765 42.70% 225 2.02%
1928 6,660 73.35% 2,332 25.68% 88 0.97%
1924 4,919 69.99% 1,770 25.18% 339 4.82%
1920 4,979 60.85% 2,971 36.31% 233 2.85%
1916 2,211 37.82% 3,434 58.74% 201 3.44%
1912 1,097 19.95% 2,751 50.03% 1,651 30.02%
1908 2,228 50.04% 1,932 43.40% 292 6.56%
1904 2,538 54.78% 1,866 40.28% 229 4.94%
1900 2,762 48.76% 2,765 48.81% 138 2.44%
1896 3,286 61.72% 1,900 35.69% 138 2.59%
1892 2,321 46.23% 2,136 42.54% 564 11.23%
1888 2,965 52.28% 2,290 40.38% 416 7.34%
1884 2,819 46.50% 2,364 39.00% 879 14.50%
1880 2,880 41.28% 3,659 52.45% 437 6.26%


Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Plantation[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated villages[edit]

Public buildings[edit]

An addition to the Knox County Courthouse designed by Scott Simons Architects was completed 2005. It is connected to an annex built in 1977 that is adjacent to the historic, original building that was finished in 1874.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Knox County, Maine". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. pp. 177.
  4. ^ "The Birth of the Union Fair: Its History, Its Promise". Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  16. ^ "2016 Election Results: President Live Map by State, Real-Time Voting Updates". Politico.
  17. ^ Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions (May 5, 2019). "Registered & Enrolled Voters - Statewide" (PDF). Department of the Secretary of State, State of Maine. p. 16. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  19. ^ "Knox County Courthouse". Maine Commercial Construction Company | Wright-Ryan Construction. Retrieved May 20, 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°02′N 69°02′W / 44.03°N 69.03°W / 44.03; -69.03