Oxford County, Maine

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Oxford County, Maine
RumfordME StrathglassBuilding.jpg
Map of Maine highlighting Oxford County
Location in the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1805
Seat Paris
Largest town Rumford
Area
 • Total 2,176 sq mi (5,636 km2)
 • Land 2,077 sq mi (5,379 km2)
 • Water 99 sq mi (256 km2), 4.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 57,217
 • Density 28/sq mi (10.74/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.oxfordcounty.org

Oxford County is a county located in the state of Maine, in the United States. As of the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 57,833.[1] Its county seat is the town of Paris.[2] The county was formed on March 4, 1805 from northerly portions of York and Cumberland counties. It borders the Canadian province of Quebec.

Part of Oxford County is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area while a different part of Oxford County is included in the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,176 square miles (5,640 km2), of which 2,077 square miles (5,380 km2) is land and 99 square miles (260 km2) (4.5%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 17,630
1820 27,104 53.7%
1830 35,219 29.9%
1840 38,351 8.9%
1850 39,763 3.7%
1860 36,698 −7.7%
1870 33,488 −8.7%
1880 32,627 −2.6%
1890 30,586 −6.3%
1900 32,238 5.4%
1910 36,256 12.5%
1920 37,700 4.0%
1930 41,483 10.0%
1940 42,662 2.8%
1950 44,221 3.7%
1960 44,345 0.3%
1970 43,457 −2.0%
1980 48,968 12.7%
1990 52,602 7.4%
2000 54,755 4.1%
2010 57,833 5.6%
Est. 2016 57,217 [4] −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

2015[edit]

As of 2015 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Oxford County, Maine are:[9]

Largest ancestries (2015) Percent
English England 22.6%
French or French Canadian France 20.9%
Irish Republic of Ireland 15.7%
"American" United States 8.9%
German Germany 6.5%
Scottish Scotland 5.6%
Italian Italy 4.9%
Polish Poland 1.9%

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 54,755 people, 22,314 households, and 15,173 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 32,295 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.25% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of English, 13.9% French, 13.7% United States or American, 10.1% Irish and 8.4% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% French as their first language.

There were 22,314 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,435, and the median income for a family was $39,794. Males had a median income of $30,641 versus $21,233 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,945. About 8.30% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 57,833 people, 24,300 households, and 15,781 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 27.8 inhabitants per square mile (10.7/km2). There were 36,055 housing units at an average density of 17.4 per square mile (6.7/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were English, 14.8% were Irish, 8.2% were American, 6.4% were German, and 5.6% were French Canadian.[13]

Of the 24,300 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.6 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,748 and the median income for a family was $48,000. Males had a median income of $37,892 versus $30,187 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,254. About 9.6% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 52.0% 16,210 39.0% 12,172 9.0% 2,819
2012 40.8% 11,996 55.5% 16,330 3.7% 1,094
2008 40.6% 12,863 56.7% 17,940 2.7% 847
2004 45.0% 14,196 52.7% 16,618 2.3% 732
2000 43.1% 11,835 49.7% 13,649 7.3% 2,009
1996 27.7% 7,238 52.1% 13,580 20.2% 5,273
1992 27.9% 8,194 38.2% 11,202 33.9% 9,960
1988 55.9% 13,568 43.4% 10,523 0.7% 175
1984 64.3% 15,408 35.2% 8,430 0.5% 110
1980 47.0% 11,041 42.2% 9,914 10.7% 2,519
1976 49.0% 10,551 48.1% 10,340 2.9% 625
1972 64.4% 12,114 35.4% 6,661 0.3% 48
1968 41.7% 8,030 56.4% 10,870 2.0% 375
1964 28.1% 5,340 71.8% 13,616 0.1% 19
1960 56.7% 11,715 43.3% 8,951 0.0% 0
1956 73.0% 12,607 27.0% 4,653 0.0% 0
1952 66.6% 11,575 33.1% 5,757 0.3% 43
1948 58.2% 7,444 40.6% 5,183 1.2% 155
1944 55.8% 8,053 44.2% 6,377 0.1% 12
1940 53.5% 8,656 46.4% 7,502 0.2% 25
1936 57.1% 8,778 38.0% 5,836 4.9% 752
1932 52.7% 8,264 45.8% 7,179 1.5% 230
1928 69.8% 9,409 29.8% 4,015 0.5% 66
1924 69.9% 7,062 25.4% 2,563 4.7% 478
1920 64.6% 7,301 34.6% 3,906 0.9% 97
1916 51.7% 4,026 46.6% 3,625 1.7% 131
1912 16.7% 1,234 39.8% 2,941 43.5% 3,217
1908 64.5% 4,179 32.3% 2,093 3.2% 204

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 2014[16]
Party Total Voters Percentage
Unaffiliated 17,893 42.04%
Democratic 11,505 27.03%
Republican 11,242 26.41%
Green 1,920 4.51%
Total 42,560 100%

Recreation[edit]

Oxford county is home to many summer camps. Some of these camps are Camp Wekeela, Kamp Kohut, Camp Wyonegonic, Forest Acres Camp for Girls and Maine Teen Camp.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_5YR/DP02/0500000US23017
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November 4, 2014" (PDF). Maine Bureau of Corporations. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°29′N 70°46′W / 44.49°N 70.76°W / 44.49; -70.76