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Kowalski (Polish pronunciation: [kɔˈvalskʲi]; feminine: Kowalska, plural: Kowalscy) is the second most common surname in Poland (140,471 people in 2009).[1] Kowalski surname is derived from the word kowal, meaning "[black]smith".

"Jan Kowalski" is a name that is used as a placeholder name in Poland in the meaning of "Average Joe", similar to "John Smith", its rough English-language equivalent, in English-speaking countries. (though a more direct translation would be "John Smithson").

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  1. ^ Ministry of Interior (Poland). Statystyka najpopularniejszych nazwisk występujących w Polsce in 2009 Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine (The most popular surnames in Poland in 2009). Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  2. ^ "Roxanne (1987)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  3. ^ Maslin, Janet (2007). "Roxanne (1987)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2010.