Lindley Miller Garrison

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Lindley Miller Garrison
Lindley Garrison, BW photo portrait, 1913.jpg
46th United States Secretary of War
In office
March 5, 1913 – February 10, 1916
President Woodrow Wilson
Preceded by Henry L. Stimson
Succeeded by Newton D. Baker
Personal details
Born (1864-11-28)November 28, 1864
Camden, New Jersey, U.S.
Died October 19, 1932(1932-10-19) (aged 67)
Seabright, New Jersey, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Margaret Hildeburn
Alma mater Harvard University (A.B.)
University of Pennsylvania (J.D.)
Profession Lawyer, politician

Lindley Miller Garrison (November 28, 1864 – October 19, 1932) was a New Jersey lawyer who served as Secretary of War under U.S. President Woodrow Wilson between 1913 and 1916.

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Lindley Miller Garrison was born in Camden, New Jersey, the son on of Rev. Joseph Fithian Garrison (1823-1892) and Elizabeth Vanarsdale (Grant) Garrison (1829-1903). His brother was Charles G. Garrison, an associate justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court[1] He attended public schools and the Protestant Episcopal Academy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy for one year before attending Harvard University as a special student from 1884 to 1885. He studied law in the office of Redding, Jones & Carson of Philadelphia, received a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and was admitted to the bar in 1886. He practiced law in Camden from 1888 to 1898 and became a partner in the firm of Garrison, McManus & Enright in Jersey City in 1899. He married Margaret Hildeburn in Jersey City on 30 June 1899.[2] Garrison served as vice-chancellor of New Jersey from 1904 to 1913, where he came to Governor Woodrow Wilson's notice.

Secretary of War[edit]

From March 5, 1913 to February 10, 1916, Garrison served as Secretary of War in the Wilson administration. Garrison and Wilson never fit well together. Garrison was much more willing to intervene militarily overseas than was the President. This was especially evident in regard to Mexico. Garrison urged American intervention into the Mexican revolution to restore order. During the Preparedness campaign of 1916, when Wilson was trying to convince Congress to raise military spending, Garrison supported a plan for expanding the US military with what he called the Continental Army Plan. Garrison’s proposal would establish a standing army of 140,000 and a national, volunteer reserve force of 400,000 men. Wilson initially gave the plan tepid support, but Garrison ran into opposition from both those who felt his plan went too far in creating a large standing army, as well as from those who felt it did not go far enough. Wilson was convinced by allies in Congress to back an alternative plan which emphasized not Garrison’s national volunteer force, but a continued role for the states’ National Guard. Garrison resigned in February 1916 over these differences.[3]

Later years[edit]

Portrait by Emil Fuchs, 1917

After leaving Wilson's administration Garrison returned to the practice of law in the firm of Hornblower, Miller & Garrison. He was appointed receiver of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company in December 1918 and served until June 1923. He died on October 19, 1932, at his home in Sea Bright, New Jersey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "The Political Graveyard: Lawyer Politicians in New Jersey, G". Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey Marriages, 1678-1985," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FZPM-S9Q : accessed 16 May 2016), Lindley M. Garrison and Margaret R. Hildeburn, 30 Jun 1899; citing 589,821.
  3. ^ "The Cornell Daily Sun 11 February 1916 — The Cornell Daily Sun". cdsun.library.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Henry L. Stimson
U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: Woodrow Wilson

March 5, 1913 – February 10, 1916
Succeeded by
Newton D. Baker