Line 3 (Shenzhen Metro)

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Line 3
 3 
Shenzhen Metro Line 3 2015 B Stock.jpg
Interior of CRRC Nanjing Puzhen train
Overview
Other name(s) Longgang line
(龙岗线; 龍崗線; Lónggǎng Xiàn; Lung4 Gong1 Sin3)
Type Rapid transit
System Shenzhen Metro
Status Operational
Locale Shenzhen, China
Termini Yitian
Shuanglong
Stations 30
Services 1
Daily ridership 433,400
Operation
Opened 28 December 2010
Operator(s) Shenzhen Metro Line 3 Operations, part of SZMC (Shenzhen Metro Group)
Character Underground and elevated
Technical
Line length 41.66 km (25.89 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Third rail, 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 100 km/h
Route map

Line 3 (simplified Chinese: 三号线; traditional Chinese: 三號線; pinyin: Sānhào Xiàn; Jyutping: Saam1 Hou6 Sin3) of the Shenzhen Metro as the runs northeastward from Yitian to Shuanglong. Line 3 opened on 28 December 2010.[1]

Since opening, it has been heavily trafficked and became a major transport option for urban workers. Approximately 433,400 people used Line 3 everyday in 2013.[2] On 1 January 2017, Line 3 carried a peak ridership of 919,000 people.[3]

It currently has a service interval of 5 minutes between trains across the entire length of the line. Sectional trains operate on weekdays, between Huaxin and Tangkeng, from 7:15 am to 9:15 am and from 5:45 pm to 7:45 pm. This is to alleviate surges in passenger traffic at Buji, since the opening of the connecting Shenzhen East.[2]

History[edit]

The first phase of Shenzhen Metro Line 3 started construction in July 2007. On 23 April 2008, the Shenzhen Municipal Planning Bureau renamed the still under construction Shenzhen Metro Line 3 to "Longgang Line". The renaming was later reverted in 2013.[4]

First stage[edit]

The first phase of the line from Shuanglong to Caopu stations officially began operations on 28 December 2010. This section is almost entirely elevated except near Tangkeng. It starts from Longgang District and runs mainly along Shenhui Road, to Luohu District. The first phase has 16 stations, with a total length of 25.138 km.

Second stage[edit]

The second phase of the line from Hongling to Yitian stations, opened on 28 June 2011.

Segment Date opened Length
Caopu — Shuanglong 28 December 2010 25.138 km (15.62 mi)
Yitian — Caopu 28 June 2011 16.522 km (10.27 mi)

Future development[edit]

With the start of Shenzhen Metro's Phase III construction, Line 3 will be extended on both ends. The extension one station south beyond Yitian to the Futian Free Trade Zone is expected to start construction by the end of 2015.[5] In addition a 7.3 km extension further west into Longgang District is expected to start construction soon.[6]

Long term plans include extending Line 3 even further east into neighboring Huizhou City along with Line 12. On 7 August 2013 a "Memorandum of Cooperation" was signed to coordinate transport planning and urban development between the two cities, formalizing the planning process for the proposal.[7][8]

Service routes[edit]

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Fubao 福保 Futian
Yitian 益田 0.00 0.00
Shixia 石厦  7  0.95 0.95
Shopping Park 购物公园  1  1.20 2.15
Futian 福田  2   11  Futian railway station NZQ 0.65 2.80
Children's Palace 少年宫  4  1.50 4.30
Lianhuacun 莲花村  10  0.75 5.05
Huaxin 华新  7  1.95 7.00
Tongxinling 通新岭  6  1.00 8.00
Hongling 红岭  9  0.75 8.75
Laojie 老街  1  1.50 10.25 Luohu
Shaibu 晒布 1.00 11.25
Cuizhu 翠竹 1.10 12.35
Tianbei 田贝  7  1.50 13.85
Shuibei 水贝 1.10 14.95
Caopu 草埔 1.60 16.55
Buji 布吉  5   14  Shenzhen East railway station BJQ 2.15 18.70 Longgang
Mumianwan 木棉湾 1.10 19.80
Dafen 大芬 1.15 20.95
Danzhutou 丹竹头 1.25 22.20
Liuyue 六约 3.95 26.15
Tangkeng 塘坑 1.35 27.50
Henggang 横岗 2.00 29.50
Yonghu 永湖 1.50 31.00
He'ao 荷坳 1.70 32.70
Universiade 大运  14  16  1.45 34.15
Ailian 爱联 1.50 35.65
Jixiang 吉祥 1.70 37.35
Longcheng Square 龙城广场  16  1.35 38.70
Nanlian 南联 1.25 39.95
Shuanglong 双龙  16  1.45 41.40
Liyuan 梨园
Xinsheng 新生
Pingxi 坪西
Low Carbon City 低碳城
Baishitang 白石塘
Fuping 富坪
Pingdi Liulian 坪地六联

Rolling stock[edit]

Type Date of manufacture Series Sets Serial number Assembly Notes
Type B 2009 – 2010 B-size stock 43 0301-0343 Tc+M+M+M+M+Tc Manufactured by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles
Type B 2014 – B-size stock 33 0344-0376 Tc+M+M+M+M+Tc Manufactured by CSR Nanjing Puzhen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Han Ximin. "Caopu and Yitian Village in Futian District open June 2011 Archived 2010-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.." Shenzhen Daily. 24 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  3. ^ 文海燕. "深圳地铁3号线 客流再创新高_深圳新闻_南方网". sz.southcn.com. Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  4. ^ "深圳5条地铁线路有了新名字 1号线叫"罗宝"". 深圳新闻网. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2012-11-29. 
  5. ^ 地铁3号线或将延至保税区
  6. ^ 开展福田保税区交通拥堵综合治理 Archived 2015-10-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ 深圳地铁3号线12号线延至惠州》(深圳晚报,2013年8月8日)
  8. ^ 尽快建成深莞惠轨道交通网络 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine.》(惠州日报,2013年8月8日)