Luohu District

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For the district in Hong Kong with the same Chinese name, see Lo Wu.
Luohu
罗湖区
District
Luohu viewed from the observatory of Shun Hing Square
Luohu viewed from the observatory of Shun Hing Square
Luohu District within Shenzhen
Luohu District within Shenzhen
Country China
Province Guangdong
Prefecture Shenzhen
Area
 • Total 78.9 km2 (30.5 sq mi)
Population (2012) 936,400
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Luohu District
Traditional Chinese 羅湖
Simplified Chinese 罗湖

Luohu District (Simplified: 罗湖; Traditional: 羅湖; Pinyin: Luōhú, Hakka Chinese:lo2 fu2) is a district of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

Geography[edit]

The size of Luohu district is about 78.9 km2 (30 sq mi) and contains 10 subdistricts.

Luohu is located in the southern part of Shenzhen, with Futian district on its west, Yantian district on its east, and Longgang district on its north. The Shenzhen River, which separates the district from North District, Hong Kong forms its southern limits.

It is also one of the six administrative districts of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of Shenzhen City of the People's Republic of China.

Luohu has an uneven geography and contains a number of natural fresh water sources, including Donghu (东湖), Honghu (洪湖), and Xianhu (仙湖), among others. Shuiku (水库), or "Water Reservoir", is also located in Luohu and is an important source of water for both Shenzhen and Hong Kong.

Shenzhen's highest peak, Wutong Mountain (944m) (梧桐山) is in Luohu District.

The district's west boundary with Futian is Hongling Road, and its east boundary with Yantian is Wutong Mountain.

Subdistricts[edit]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[1]
Huangbei Subdistrict 黄贝街道 Huángbèi Jiēdào 113,382
Guiyuan Subdistrict 桂园街道 Guìyuán Jiēdào 82,694
Dongmen Subdistrict 东门街道 Dōngmén Jiēdào 90,454
Cuizhu Subdistrict 翠竹街道 Cuìzhú Jiēdào 110,459
Dongxiao Subdistrict 东晓街道 Dōngxiǎo Jiēdào 100,779
Nanhu Subdistrict 南湖街道 Nánhú Jiēdào 90,500
Sungang Subdistrict 笋岗街道 Sǔngǎng Jiēdào 64,004
Donghu Subdistrict 东湖街道 Dōnghú Jiēdào 84,556
Liantang Subdistrict 莲塘街道 Liántáng Jiēdào 85,569
Qingshuihe Subdistrict 清水河街道 Qīngshuǐhé Jiēdào 101,024

Immigration Control Point[edit]

Luohu Immigration Control Point
Main article: Luohu Port

Luohu serves as an important immigration control between Hong Kong and Mainland China. Two immigration control points, Luohu and Man Kam To, are located in the Luohu district. The Luohu immigration point is the busiest land boundary patrol connecting China and Hong Kong,it consist of the Luohu Port on the Shenzhen side Lo Wu Control Point on the Hong Kong side.

History[edit]

Prior to the establishment of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone(SEZ),an original town called Shenzhen(or Shum Chun) Hui (深圳墟,literally,Shenzhen market) was located within the current Luohu district.It was of size 350,000 m2 and has a population of little less than 30,000.The town centred at the present-day Dongmen,where a Tin Hau Temple once stood.

The name Shenzhen was first mentioned in 1410[2]though the town was only first documented in 1688[3] but was believed to be inhabited long before this.The market town prospered and expanded out of its boundaries in the early 20th century,following the completion of the Kowloon-Canton Railway,which the town was a stopping station.The town was occupied by Japanese forces between 1942 and 1945.It was promoted from market town to an official town status in 1950 .In 1953,the administrative centre of San On County was moved to Shum Chun from Nantou.

After Shenzhen was promoted to city status in October 1979,Luohu district was established as the first district in Shenzhen. Several hills were flattened to facilitate its infrastructure during initial construction phases. In November 1997, Yantian area became an independent administrative district.

Some of the tallest and most recognizable buildings in Shenzhen,including the Shun Hing Square, KK100 and the Guomao Building has been built in the district since the establishment of Shenzhen SEZ.


Entertainment[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Sightseeing in Dongmen

Luohu is known in Hong Kong and Guangdong for shopping. Most one-day visitors from Hong Kong limit their shopping to Luohu Commercial City (罗湖商业城), located right outside the Luohu Immigration Control Point, but the areas of Dongmen (东门), Guomao (国贸), and Diwang (地王) are also important shopping districts.

Shenzhen and Luohu are infamous for the sale of cheap counterfeit goods. These goods, ranging from DVDs to designer items (e.g. Louis Vuitton, Calvin Klein, Gucci, etc.) are mostly to be found in Luohu Commercial City or Dongmen, though prices here can be much higher than similar counterfeit items purchased in less popular parts of the city.

Nightlife[edit]

Luohu district is also known for its nightlife. Though most expatriates residing in Shenzhen live in Shekou, visitors to Shenzhen from Hong Kong and other places typically frequent bars, KTV (karaoke) lounges, and night clubs in the Luohu area.

Education[edit]

Secondary Schools

As of the end of 2012,there are 221 educational institutions in Luohu District,amongst which 17 are secondary schools. Major secondary schools in include:


Transportation[edit]

Guomao Station is one of Shenzhen Metro stations
Laojie Station of the Shenzhen Metro

Trunk roads[edit]

  • Shennan East Road(深南东路)
  • Dongmen Road (东门路)
  • Yanhe Road(沿河路) and Chunfeng Road Flyover (春风路高架桥)
  • Nigang Road (泥岗路)
  • Luosha Highway (罗沙公路)
  • Taoyuan Road

Buses and minibuses[edit]

Buses and minibuses serve as popular means of transportation modes in Luohu.

Shenzhen Railway[edit]

Shenzhen Railway Station (深圳火车站|深圳火车站) is located here. It serves as a terminal for train routes towards tens of cities in China.

Shenzhen Metro[edit]

There are 4 metro stations in Luohu district, namely, Luohu (羅湖), Guomao (国贸, Shenzhen World Trade Center), Laojie (老街) and Grand Theater (大剧院, Shenzhen Grand Theater).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  2. ^ http://www.sz.gov.cn/cn/zjsz/gqgl_1/201009/t20100923_1584673.htm
  3. ^ http://paper.sznews.com/szsb/20050521/ca1619075.htm

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°32′44″N 114°07′44″E / 22.5456°N 114.129°E / 22.5456; 114.129