List of Olympic medal leaders in women's gymnastics

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Gymnastics events have been staged at the Olympic Games since 1896.[1] Since then, 30 female gymnasts have won at least five total medals. The country with the most athletes on this list is the Soviet Union, with nine. Romania (7), United States (5), Hungary (4), East Germany (2), Russia (2), and Czechoslovakia (1) are also represented.[2]

Eight female gymnasts have won at least eight medals at the Olympic Games: Larisa Latynina (18), Věra Čáslavská (11), Ágnes Keleti (10), Polina Astakhova (10), Nadia Comăneci (9), Ludmilla Tourischeva (9), Margit Korondi (8), and Sofia Muratova (8).[2]

Larisa Latynina and Polina Astakhova each competed for the Soviet Union in 1956, 1960, and 1964.[3][4] Latynina has the most medals of any female athlete in Olympic history, with 18. She won six medals in each Olympic Games that she competed in, winning the individual all-around titles in 1956 and 1960.[3] Astakhova won two medals in 1956, four medals in 1960, and four medals in 1964. She won the uneven bars golds in 1960 and 1964.[4] Sofia Muratova was Latynina's and Astakhova's teammate in 1956 and 1960. Muratova won a total of eight medals.[5] Ludmilla Tourischeva also competed for the Soviet Union. She won one medal in 1968, four medals in 1972, and four medals in 1976.[6]

Ágnes Keleti and Margit Korondi both competed for Hungary in 1956 and 1960.[7][8] Keleti won 10 medals, including two golds on floor exercise.[7] Korondi won eight total medals.[8]

Czechoslovakia's Věra Čáslavská won 11 total Olympic medals, the second-most of any female gymnast. She won one in 1960, four in 1964, and six in 1968. She won the individual all-around golds in 1964 and 1968.[9] Nadia Comăneci, who competed for Romania in 1976 and 1980, won nine medals. In 1976, she became the first gymnast to earn a perfect 10 and eventually achieved that mark seven times during the Games. She also won the individual all-around gold that year.[10]

Gymnasts
Rank Gymnast Nation Years Gold Silver Bronze Total medals Ref.
1 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union 1956, 1960, 1964 9 5 4 18 [3]
2 Věra Čáslavská  Czechoslovakia 1960, 1964, 1968 7 4 0 11 [9]
3 Ágnes Keleti  Hungary 1952, 1956 5 3 2 10 [7]
4 Polina Astakhova  Soviet Union 1956, 1960, 1964 5 2 3 10 [4]
5 Nadia Comăneci  Romania 1976, 1980 5 3 1 9 [10]
6 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union 1968, 1972, 1976 4 3 2 9 [6]
7 Margit Korondi  Hungary 1952, 1956 2 2 4 8 [8]
7 Sofia Muratova  Soviet Union 1956, 1960 2 2 4 8 [5]
9 Simone Biles  United States 2016, 2020 4 1 2 7 [11]
10 Simona Amânar  Romania 1996, 2000 3 1 3 7 [12]
11 Maria Gorokhovskaya  Soviet Union 1952 2 5 0 7 [13]
12 Svetlana Khorkina  Russia 1996, 2000, 2004 2 4 1 7 [14]
13 Karin Büttner-Janz  East Germany 1968, 1972 2 3 2 7 [15]
14 Shannon Miller  United States 1992, 1996 2 2 3 7 [16]
14 Aliya Mustafina  Russia 2012, 2016 2 2 3 7
16 Nellie Kim  Soviet Union 1976, 1980 5 1 0 6 [17]
17 Olga Korbut  Soviet Union 1972, 1976 4 2 0 6 [18]
18 Daniela Silivaș  Romania 1988 3 2 1 6 [19]
18 Aly Raisman  United States 2012, 2016 3 2 1 6
20 Tamara Manina  Soviet Union 1956, 1964 2 3 1 6 [20]
21 Lavinia Miloșovici  Romania 1992, 1996 2 1 3 6 [21]
22 Olga Lemhényi-Tass  Hungary 1948, 1952, 1956 1 3 2 6 [22]
23 Ecaterina Szabo  Romania 1984 4 1 0 5 [23]
24 Svetlana Boginskaya  Soviet Union 1988, 1992 3 1 1 5 [24]
24 Cătălina Ponor  Romania 2004, 2012, 2016 3 1 1 5 [25]
26 Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles  Hungary 1948, 1952, 1956 1 3 1 5 [26]
26 Nastia Liukin  United States 2008 1 3 1 5 [27]
28 Mary Lou Retton  United States 1984 1 2 2 5 [28]
29 Erika Zuchold  East Germany 1968, 1972 0 4 1 5 [29]
30 Gina Gogean  Romania 1992, 1996 0 2 3 5 [30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gutman, Dan (1996). Gymnastics. Puffin Books. p. 8.
  2. ^ a b "Women's Gymnastics Career Medal Leaders". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Larysa Latynina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Polina Astakhova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Sofiya Muratova". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Lyudmila Turishcheva". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c "Ágnes Keleti". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Margit Korondi". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Věra Čáslavská". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Nadia Comăneci". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  11. ^ "Aliya Mustafina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  12. ^ "Simona Amânar". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  13. ^ "Mariya Horokhovska". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  14. ^ "Svetlana Khorkina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  15. ^ "Karin Janz". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  16. ^ "Shannon Miller". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  17. ^ "Nelli Kim". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  18. ^ "Olga Korbut". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  19. ^ "Daniela Silivaş". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  20. ^ "Tamara Manina". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  21. ^ "Lavinia Miloşovici". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  22. ^ "Olga Tass-Lemhényi". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  23. ^ "Ecaterina Szabo". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  24. ^ "Svetlana Boginskaya". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  25. ^ "Cătălina Ponor". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  26. ^ "Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  27. ^ "Nastia Liukin". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  28. ^ "Mary Lou Retton". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  29. ^ "Erika Zuchold". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Gina Gogean". sports-reference.com. Retrieved November 1, 2013.