List of Soviet computer systems

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This is the list of Soviet computer systems. The Russian abbreviation EVM (ЭВМ), present in some of the names below, means Russian: электронная вычислительная машина, literally “electronic computing machine.”


Operating systems[edit]

  • For Kronos
  • For BESM
    • D-68 (Д-68, Диспетчер-68, Dispatcher-68)
    • DISPAK (“Диспетчер Пакетов,” Dispatcher of the Packets)
    • DUBNA (“ДУБНА”)
  • For ES EVM
    • DOS/ES (“Disk Operation system for ES EVM”)
    • OS/ES (“Disk Operation system for ES EVM”)
  • For SM EVM
    • RAFOS (РАФОС), FOBOS (ФОБОС) and FODOS (ФОДОС) — RT-11 clones
    • OSRV (ОСРВ) — RSX-11M clone, one of the most popular Soviet multi-user systems
    • DEMOSBSD-based Unix-like; later was ported to x86 and some other architectures
    • INMOS (ИНМОС, Инструментальная мобильная операционная система)
  • For 8-bit microcomputers
  • For ZX Spectrum clones
  • For different platforms
    • MISS (Multipurpose Interactive timeSharing System) - ES EVM ES1010, ES EVM ES1045, D3-28M, PC-compatible, etc.
  • MOS (operating system) - a Soviet clone of Unix in the 1980s


External links[edit]