List of monarchs of Thailand

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The Royal Standard of the King of Thailand. The Garuda in the middle has been the symbol of the monarchy since the times of Ayutthaya.

Kingdom of Sukhothai[edit]

Phra Ruang dynasty (1238–1368, 1368–1438)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
พ่อขุนศรีอินทราทิตย์.jpg Pho Khun Sri Indraditya
(Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao)
1188 1238 1279 (41 years)  • First King of Sukhothai
No image.png Pho Khun Ban Mueang ? 1279 (1 year)  • Son of Sri Indraditya
Ramkhamhaeng the Great.jpg Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng the Great
(Pho Khun Ram Racha)
c. 1237-1247 1279 1298 (19 years)  • Younger brother of Ban Muang
 • Son of Sri Indraditya
No image.png Phaya Loethai ? 1298 1323 (25 years)  • Son of Ram Khamhaeng
No image.png Phaya Nguanamthom ? 1323 1347 (24 years)  • Cousin of Lerthai
 • Son of Ban Muang
Mahathammaracha I.JPG Phaya Lithai
(Phra Maha Thammaracha I)
? 1347 1368 (21 years)  • Cousin of Nguanamthom
 • Son of Lerthai
Under the suzerainty of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya
No image.png Phaya Lue Thai
(Phra Maha Thammaracha II)
? 1368 1399 (31 years)  • Son of Lithai
No image.png Phaya Saileuthai
(Phra Maha Thammaracha III)
? 1400 1419 (19 years)  • Son of Leuthai
No image.png Phaya Borommapan
(Phra Maha Thammaracha IV)
? 1419 1438 (19 years)  • Son of Saileuthai

Kingdom of Ayutthaya[edit]

1st Uthong dynasty (1350–1370)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
อนุสาวรีย์พระเจ้าอู่ทอง342.jpg Somdet Phra Chao Uthong
(Somdet Phra Ramathibodi I)
1314 1350 1369 (20 years)  • First King of Ayutthaya
No image.png Somdet Phra Ramesuan (First Reign) 1339 1369 1370 (less than one year)
(abdicated)
1395  • Son of Uthong

1st Suphannaphum dynasty (1370–1388)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat I
(Khun Luang Pha Ngua)
? 1370 1388 (18 years)  • Husband of Uthong's older sister
 • Usurper
 • Former Lord of Suphanburi
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Thong Lan
(Chao Thong Chan)
? 1388 (7 days)
(usurped)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat I

2nd Uthong dynasty (1388–1409)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Ramesuan (Second Reign) 1339 1388 1395 (7 years)  • Former King reclaiming the throne
 • Son of Uthong
No image.png Somdet Phra Rama Ratchathirat 1356 1395 1409 (14 years)
(usurped)
?  • Son of Ramesuan

2nd Suphannaphum dynasty (1409–1569)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Intha Racha I
(Phra Chao Nakhon In)
1359 1409 1424 (15 years)  • Nephew of Borommarachathirat I
 • Former Lord of Suphanburi, offered crown
No image.png Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat II
(Chao Sam Phraya)
? 1424 1448 (24 years)  • Son of Intha Racha I
No image.png Somdet Phra Boromma Trailokanat 1431 1448 1488 (40 years)  • Son of Borommarachathirat II
No image.png Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat III
(Intha Racha II)
? 1488 1491 (3 years)  • Son of Trailokanat
No image.png Somdet Phra Ramathibodi II
(Phra Chetthathirat I)
1473 1491 1529 (38 years)  • Younger brother of Borommarachathirat III
 • Son of Trailokanat
No image.png Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat IV
(Somdet Phra Borommaracha Nor Buddhankoon)
(Phra Athitawongse)
? 1529 1533 (4 years)  • Son of Ramathibodi II
No image.png Phra Ratsadathirat 1529 1533 (4 months)
(usurped)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat IV
 • Child King, reign under regency
No image.png Somdet Phra Chairacha
(Somdet Phra Chairacha Thirat)
(Phra Chai)
? 1533 1546 (13 years)  • Uncle of Ratsadathirat
 • Son of Ramathibodi II
 • Usurper
No image.png Phra Yodfa
(Phra Keowfa)
1535 1546 1548 (2 years)  • Son of Chairacha
No image.png Khun Worawongsathirat
(Khun Chinnarat)
(Bun Si)
? 11 November 1548 (42 days)
(Removed)
 • Usurper monarch, not accepted by some historians
No image.png Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat
(Phra Chao Chang Pueak)
1509 1548 1564 (16 years)  • Son of Ramathibodi II
 • Younger brother of Borommarachathirat IV and Chairacha
 • Seized the throne from usurper
 • Became a monk at Pegu (1564–1568)
Vassal of Burma (1564–1568)
No image.png Somdet Phra Mahinthrathirat 1539 1564 1569 (4 years as vassal king,
1 year as king)
 • Son of Maha Chakkrapat and Queen Suriyothai
Vassal of Burma (1569–1584)

Sukhothai dynasty (1569–1629)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat
(Somdet Phra Sanphet I)
1517 1569 29 July 1590 (21 years)  • Former Lord of Phitsanulok
 • Installed as vassal of Bayinnaung of Burma, declared independence in 1584
KingNU.jpg Somdet Phra Naresuan the Great
(Somdet Phra Sanphet II)
(Phra Naret)
25 April 1555 29 July 1590 7 April 1605 (15 years)  • Son of Maha Thammarachathirat
Ekatotsarotwpamok06.jpg Somdet Phra Ekathotsarot
(Somdet Phra Sanphet III)
1557 25 April 1605 1620 (15 years)  • Brother of Naresuan
 • Son of Maha Thammarachathirat
No image.png Somdet Phra Si Saowaphak
(Somdet Phra Sanphet IV)
? 1620 (less than a year, murdered)  • Son of Ekathotsarot
No image.png Somdet Phra Songtham
(Somdet Phra Borommaracha I)
1590 1620 12 December 1628 (8 years)  • Son of "Ekathotsarot", invited to take the throne after leaving the Sangha
No image.png Somdet Phra Chetthathirat II
(Somdet Phra Borommaracha II)
c. 1613 1628 1628–1629 (1 year and 7 months)
(assassinated)
 • Son of Songtham
No image.png Phra Athittayawong 1618 1629 (36 days)
(usurped)
 • Younger brother of Chetthathirat II
 • Son of Songtham

Prasat Thong dynasty (1630–1688)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Prasat Thong
(Somdet Phra Sanphet V)
1599 1629 1656 (27 years)  • Usurper, formerly the Kalahom
 • Rumored to be a son of Ekathotsarot
No image.png Somdet Chao Fa Chai
(Somdet Phra Sanphet VI)
? 1656 (9 months)
(usurped)
 • Son of Prasat Thong
No image.png Somdet Phra Si Suthammaracha
(Somdet Phra Sanphet VII)
? June 1656 26 October 1656 (2 months 17 Days)
(usurped)
 • Usurper, Uncle of Chao Fa Chai
 • Younger brother of Prasat Thong
Narai.JPG Somdet Phra Narai the Great
(Somdet Phra Ramathibodi III)
16 February 1633 26 October 1656 11 July 1688 (32 years)  • Usurper, nephew of Si Suthammaracha
 • Son of Prasat Thong
 • Half-brother of Chao Fa Chai

Ban Phlu Luang dynasty (1688–1767)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
No image.png Somdet Phra Phetracha 1632 1688 1703 (15 years)  • Usurper, cousin of Narai
 • Former commander of the Royal Elephant Corps
พระบรมรูป สมเด็จพระเจ้าเสือ วัดไทร.jpg Somdet Phra Suriyenthrathibodi
(Somdet Phra Sanphet VIII)
(Phra Chao Suea)
? 1703 1709 (7 years)  • Rumored to be a son of Narai
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua Thai Sa
(Somdet Phra Sanphet IX)
? 1709 1733 (24 years)  • Son of Suriyenthrathibodi
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua Boromakot 1680 1733 1758 (26 years)  • Brother of Thai Sa, Former Front Palace
 • Son of Suriyenthrathibodi
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Uthumphon
(Somdet Phra Ramathibodi IV)
(Khun Luang Hawat)
? 1758 (2 months)
(usurped)
1796  • Son of Boromakot
No image.png Somdet Phra Chao Ekkathat
(Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua Phra Thinang Suriyat Amarin)
(Somdet Phra Borommaracha III)
? 1758 7 April 1767 (9 years)
(removed)
17 April 1767  • Brother of Uthumphon
 • Usurper, Former Front Palace
 • Son of Boromakot
Second Fall of Ayutthaya

Kingdom of Thonburi[edit]

Thonburi dynasty (1768–1782)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Reign from Coronation Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
KingTaksinfromItalymuseum.JPG Somdet Phra Chao Taksin the Great
(Phra Chao Krung Thonburi)
(Somdet Phra Borommaracha IV)
17 April 1734 6 November 1767 28 December 1768 6 April 1782
(14 years)
(removed)
7 April 1782
(47 years old)
(executed)
 • Only King of Thonburi

Kingdom of Rattanakosin, Siam (Thailand)[edit]

Chakri dynasty (1782–present)[edit]

No Name Portrait Birth Reign from Coronation Reign until Death Relationship with predecessor(s)
1 Phrabat Somdet Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke
the Great
(Rama I)
Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke portrait.jpg 20 March 1737 6 April 1782 10 June 1782 7 September 1809
(27 years)
(72 years old)
 • First King of Rattanakosin
2 Phrabat Somdet Phra Buddha Loetla Nabhalai
(Rama II)
Buddha Loetla Nabhalai portrait.jpg 24 February 1767 7 September 1809 21 July 1824
(14 years)
(57 years old)
 • Son of Rama I and Queen Amarindra
3 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramintharamaha
Jessadabodindra
Phra Nang Klao Chao Yu Hua
(Rama III)
(Phra Maha Chetsadarat Chao)
Nangklao portrait.jpg 31 March 1788 21 July 1824 2 April 1851
(26 years)
(63 years old)
 • Son of Rama II and Princess Consort Sri Sulalai
4 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramentharamaha
Mongkut
Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua
(Rama IV)
Thomson, King Mongkut of Siam (crop).jpg
18 October 1804 2 April 1851 6 April 1851 1 October 1868
(17 years)
(63 years old)
 • Half-brother of Rama III
 • Son of Rama II and Queen Sri Suriyendra
5 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramintharamaha
Chulalongkorn
the Great
Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua
(Rama V)
(Phra Piya Maharat)
Chulalongkorn LoC.jpg
20 September 1853 1 October 1868 11 November 1868
(1st time)
16 November 1873
(2nd time)
23 October 1910
(42 years)
(57 years old)
 • Son of Rama IV and Queen Debsirindra
 • Under Regency of Si Suriyawongse from 1868–1873
6 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramentharamaha
Vajiravudh
Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua
(Rama VI)
(Phra Maha Thirarachachao)
King Vajiravudh portrait photograph.jpg
1 January 1881 23 October 1910 11 November 1911 25 November 1925
(15 years)
(44 years old)
 • Son of Rama V and Queen Saovabha Bongsri
7 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramintharamaha
Prajadhipok
Phra Pok Klao Chao Yu Hua
(Rama VII)
King Prajadhipok portrait photograph.jpg
8 November 1893 25 November 1925 25 February 1926 2 March 1935
(9 years)
(abdicated)
30 May 1941
(47 years old)
 • Younger brother of Rama VI
 • Son of Rama V and Queen Saovabha Bongsri
8 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramentharamaha
Ananda Mahidol
Phra Atthama Ramathibodin
(Rama VIII)
King Ananda Mahidol portrait photograph.jpg
20 September 1925 2 March 1935 9 June 1946
(11 years)
(20 years old)
 • Nephew of Rama VII
 • Grandson of Rama V by Mahidol Adulyadej
 • Under Regency from 1935–1946
9 Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramintharamaha
Bhumibol Adulyadej
the Great
(Rama IX)
(Somdet Phra Phatthara Maharat)
King Bhumibol Adulyadej portrait photograph.jpg
5 December 1927 9 June 1946 5 May 1950 Present
(70 years)
(88 years old)
 • Younger brother of Rama VIII
 • Grandson of Rama V by Mahidol Adulyadej

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]