Prime Minister of Laos

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Prime Minister of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ ແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ
Président du Conseil des ministres du Laos
Emblem of Laos.svg
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Thongloun Sisoulith

since 20 April 2016
NominatorBounnhang Vorachit
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderPrince Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
Formation21 August 1941
Emblem of Laos.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Lao People's Democratic Republic
Constitution
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The Prime Minister of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of government of Laos. It is the highest office within the Central Government.

Powers[edit]

Throughout its history the office of Prime Minister has been responsible, at least in theory but not always in practice, for handling Laos's internal policies. Since Laos is a one-party state with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party being the sole party allowed by the constitution, all the prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

The current prime minister is Thongloun Sisoulith, since 20 April 2016. He is second-ranked in the Political Bureau (Politburo).

The Prime Minister is elected by the proposal of the President of Laos to the National Assembly and is responsible to the National Assembly, which elects all ministers to government. Activity reports by the Prime Minister must be given to the National Assembly, while the Standing Committee of the National Assembly supervises the activities of the Central Government and the Prime Minister. Finally, the deputies of the National Assembly have the right to question the Prime Minister and other members of government.

Office[edit]

The Office of the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Kaysone Phomvihane, the first Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic. The predecessor office to the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic was the Prime Minister of the former Kingdom of Laos. There have been 7 prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic, but there have been 17 prime ministers of Laos if the prime ministers of the Kingdom of Laos are counted.

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions

List of prime ministers[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Head of State
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
Kingdom of Laos
1 Phetsarath Rattanavongsa.jpg Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
(1890–1959)[a]
21 August 1941[1] 10 October 1945 4 years, 50 days Non-partisan Sisavang Vong
Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Phaya Khammao
(1911–1984)
Chairman of the Provisional Government[b]
20 October 1945 23 April 1946 185 days Lao Issara Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
2 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Kindavong
(1900–1951)
23 April 1946 15 March 1947 326 days Non-partisan Sisavang Vong
3 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Souvannarath
(1893–1960)
15 March 1947 25 April 1948 1 year, 41 days Non-partisan
4 Boun Oum 1971.jpg Boun Oum
(1912–1980)
25 March 1948 24 February 1950 1 year, 305 days Non-partisan
5 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Phoui Sananikone
(1903–1983)
24 February 1950 15 October 1951 1 year, 233 days Independent Party
6 Savang Vatthana.jpg Sisavang Vatthana
(1907–1978/1984)
15 October 1951 21 November 1951 37 days Non-partisan
7 Souvanna Phouma.jpg Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
21 November 1951 25 October 1954 2 years, 338 days National Progressive Party
8 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Katay Don Sasorith
(1904–1959)
25 October 1954 21 March 1956 1 year, 148 days National Progressive Party
(7) Souvanna Phouma.jpg Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
21 March 1956 17 August 1958 2 years, 149 days National Progressive Party
(5) Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Phoui Sananikone
(1903–1983)
17 August 1958 31 December 1959 1 year, 136 days Lao People's Rally
Sisavang Vatthana
Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Sounthone Pathammavong
(1911–1985)
Army Chief of Staff
31 December 1959 7 January 1960 7 days Committee for the Defence of National Interests /
FAR (ARL)
9 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Kou Abhay
(1892–1964)
7 January 1960 3 June 1960 148 days Non-partisan
10 Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Somsanith Vongkotrattana
(1913–1975)
3 June 1960 15 August 1960 73 days Committee for the Defence of National Interests
(7) Souvanna Phouma.jpg Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)[c]
30 August 1960 13 December 1960 105 days Lao People's Rally
Royal Seal of the Kingdom of Laos.svg Quinim Pholsena
(1915–1963)
(not recognized)
11 December 1960 13 December 1960 2 days Peace and Neutrality Party
(4) Boun Oum 1971.jpg Boun Oum
(1912–1980)
13 December 1960 23 June 1962 1 year, 192 days Non-partisan
(7) Souvanna Phouma.jpg Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
23 June 1962 2 December 1975 13 years, 162 days Lao Neutralist Front
Lao People's Democratic Republic
11 Kaysone Phomvihane 1978.jpg Kaysone Phomvihane
(1920–1992)
8 December 1975 15 August 1991 15 years, 250 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Souphanouvong
Phoumi Vongvichit
12 Sultan of Brunei with Khamtay Siphandone (cropped).png Khamtai Siphandon
(1924–)
15 August 1991 24 February 1998 6 years, 193 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Kaysone Phomvihane
Nouhak Phoumsavanh
13 Sisavath Keobounphanh.gif Sisavath Keobounphanh
(1928–)
24 February 1998 27 March 2001 3 years, 31 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Khamtai Siphandon
14 Bounnhang Vorachit.JPG Bounnhang Vorachith
(1938–)
27 March 2001 8 June 2006 5 years, 73 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
15 Bouasone.jpg Bouasone Bouphavanh
(1954–)
8 June 2006 23 December 2010 4 years, 198 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Choummaly Sayasone
16 Thongsing Thammavong 2012.jpg Thongsing Thammavong
(1944–)
23 December 2010 20 April 2016 5 years, 119 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
17 Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg Thongloun Sisoulith
(1946–)
20 April 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 207 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Bounnhang Vorachith

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Under a Japanese puppet state after 8 April 1945. Proclaimed Head of State by Lao Issara on 12 October 1945.
  2. ^ Until 25 October 1949 in exile in Bangkok, Thailand.
  3. ^ From 9 December 1960 in exile in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Trivia[edit]

Between December 1959 to December 1960, the Kingdom of Laos had six different Prime Ministers, who were ousted by six successive political coups.[2]

Living former prime ministers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evans, Grant (2002). A Short history of Laos, the land in between (PDF). Allen & Unwin.
  2. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/four-climate-change-positions-in-one-day-20110309-1bnu3.html