|Princess Royal of Thailand|
2 April 1955 |
|House||House of Mahidol
|Father||King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)|
|Thai Royal Family|
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Thai: มหาจักรีสิรินธร, Thai pronunciation: [mā.hǎː t͡ɕàk.krīː sì.rīn.tʰɔ̄ːn]; rtgs: Maha Chakkri Sirinthon), born Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda Kitivadhanadulsobhak (Thai: สิรินธรเทพรัตนสุดา กิติวัฒนาดุลโสภาคย์; rtgs: Sirinthontheppharattanasuda Kitiwatthanadunlasophak) on 2 April 1955 is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
Her full ceremonial title is Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; rtgs: Somdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari), which was bestowed upon her on 5 December 1977. Thais commonly refer to her by reducing such title to "Phra Thep", meaning "princess angel". Her title in Thai is the female equivalent of the title held by her brother, Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. The Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession, thus making her eligible for the throne.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Education
- 3 Works and interests
- 4 Scholarship
- 5 Royal prerogative
- 6 Titles, styles, honours and awards
- 7 Eponyms
- 8 Ancestry
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Sirindhorn was born on 2 April 1955, the third child of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit. As the royal couple has only one son, the Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession. This made Sirindhorn second-in-line to the throne (after Vajiralongkorn) until the birth of Princess Bajrakitiyabha in 1978. Air Chief Marshall Siddhi Savetsila, a member of the privy council, told a former U.S. ambassador in early 2010 that Sirindhorn could be named successor in the event of Vajiralongkorn's death, i.e., the crown prince's children, including Prince Dipangkorn, might be passed over. The privy council will submit the name of a successor when the throne becomes vacant.
In December 2012, Sirindhorn was briefly hospitalised to remove calcium deposits.
Sirindhorn attended Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary at Thailand's most exclusive school: The Chitralada Palace School which was established for the children of the Royal Family and Palace staff.
She ranked first in the National School Examinations in primary level (grade 7) in 1967, in upper secondary level (grade 12) in 1972, and fourth in the National University Entrance Examination in 1975.
"She was neither brainy, disciplined and energetic, as Bhumibol would have preferred, nor a sleek and beautiful princess like Sirikit. ..... Her academic talents were mediocre, though the palace machine made sure she registered top marks nationally in examinations, as Ubolrat had done before her. Sirindhorn seems to have been genuinely embarrassed by the pretense." 
From 1976 she continued her studies in two graduate programs concurrently, obtaining an MA in Oriental epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) in 1980 and also archaeology from Silpakorn University and in 1980. In 1978, she obtained an MA in Sanskrit and Pali from Chulalongkorn University.
Works and interests
Aside from her passion for technology, she holds degrees in history and a doctorate in educational development. She teaches at the history department of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, where she is the nominal head of the department. In addition to Thai, she speaks fluent English, French, and Chinese and is currently studying German and Latin.
The University of Liverpool introduced a prestigious new scholarship in honour of Sirindhorn. One full scholarship will be awarded annually to enable a Thai student to study at Liverpool to complete a one-year taught Masters programme. The scholarship is open to all subjects offered a one-year taught Masters programme, however priority will be given to those students who wish to study in a subject area associated with HRH Princess Sirindhorn such as science, information technology, medicine, the arts, geography, history and languages. To be eligible for the scholarship, applicants must be a Thai national and already hold an offer to study a one-year taught Masters programme at the University of Liverpool.
In February 2016, for an official three-day visit to Cambodia, a royal toilet estimated to cost US$40,000 was reportedly constructed for the use of the princess on 22 February at Lake Yeak Laom on the outskirts of Banlung City, Ratanakiri Province. 
Construction of the eight m2 outhouse overlooking Yeak Lom Lake was carried out by the Siam Cement Group (SCG). According to Ven Churk, head of the Yeak Lom Lake Committee, "This toilet was constructed for the Thai princess' use. When the princess has finished with it, they will take the toilet equipment back to Thailand, but the princess will leave the building for our community to use", Mr Churk said. "The materials are of the very highest quality," confirmed Suma Onkam, a Thai national who said he was hired by SCG to oversee the 10 Thai laborers who built the structure using only materials imported from Thailand. After the visit, the toilet will be removed, as a manager from SCG, identified only as Mr Pursat, said, "Normal people can't use a [royal] toilet."
News reports of the affair in The Guardian and the Cambodia Daily have been criticised by some as being inaccurate, driven by hidden agendas, and long on sensationalism. Both publications reported that the princess had ordered the toilet constructed, but no evidence was cited to corroborate that claim. The Nation, a Bangkok English-language daily, was particularly critical of the involvement of journalist Andrew MacGregor Marshall and his role in the initial news reports. In a sharply worded editorial he was described as a "charlatan 'journalist'" and "As someone who likes to cloak himself in journalistic costume,..."
Follow-on news reports said that the princess did not have occasion to use the royal toilet on her visit. "She did not use the toilet...but she went to see the bathroom," said deputy provincial governor, Nhem Sam Oeun. "When she went back to Phnom Penh, they removed the modern toilet."
Titles, styles, honours and awards
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 2 April 1955 - 5 December 1977: Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda
- 5 December 1977 – Present: Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the Princess Royal
The Princess' style and title in full: Her Royal Highness Princess Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari of Thailand[note 1]
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of the Nine Gems
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the White Elephant
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Thailand: Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Royal Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the King Bhumibol Adulyadej Rajaruchi Royal Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Freemen Safeguarding Medal, First Class
- Thailand: Recipient of the Dushdi Mala Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Border Service Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Chakra Mala Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Boy Scout Citation Medal, First Class
- Thailand: Recipient of the Red Cross Medal of Appreciation, First Class
- Thailand: Recipient of the King Bhumbibhol Adulyadej Silver Jubilee Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn Investiture Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the Bicentennial Medal of the Rattanakosin Kingdom
- Thailand: Recipient of the 50th Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Thailand: Recipient of the 84th Birthday Medal of Princess Mother Srinagarindra
- Thailand: Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Thailand: Recipient of the Longest Reign Commemorative Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Thailand: Recipient of the King Bhumbibhol Adulyadej Golden Jubilee Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the 6th Cycle Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Thailand: Recipient of the 72nd Birthday Medal of Queen Sirikit
- Thailand: Recipient of the King Bhumbibhol Adulyadej Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Thailand: Recipient of the 7th Cycle Birthday Medal of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
- Thailand: Recipient of the 60th Birthday Medal of Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn
- Austria: Grand Cross of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Silver
- Brunei: Knight Grand Cross of the Most Esteemed Family Order of Brunei, 2nd Class
- Denmark: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog
- France: Commander of Order of Academic Palms, 1st Class
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1st Class
- Japan: Paulownia Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown
- North Korea: Grand Officer Order of the National Flag, 1st Class
- South Korea: Grand Gwanghwa Medal of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, 1st Class
- Laos: Recipient of the National Gold Medal
- Malaysia: Grand Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia
- Mongolia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star
- Nepalese Royal Family: Member Grand Cross of the Order of Ojaswi Rajanya
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- Netherlands: Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal
- Pakistan: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crescent of Pakistan
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Sweden: Member Grand Cross of the Order of the Seraphim
- Tonga: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Crown of Tonga
- Tonga: Recipient of the King George Tupou V Coronation Medal
- United Kingdom: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- Austria: International Union of Nutritional Sciences Award
- China: Chinese Language and Culture Friendship Award
- Chinese Literature Foundation of Chinese Writers Association: Understanding and Friendship International Literature Award
- India: Indira Gandhi Prize
- Philippines: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service
- University of Pennsylvania: International Education Leadership Award
- Chulalongkorn University: Veterinary medicine
- Srinakharinwirot University: Pharmacy
- Thammasat University: Chinese Studies of Humane Letters
- Thammasat University: Environmental Science
- Thammasat University: Technology
- Chiang Mai University: Geography
- Chiang Mai University: Thai language
- Chiang Mai University: Botany
- Asian Institute of Technology: Technology
- Burapha University: Public Health
- Burapha University: Information Technology
- Burapha University: Chinese language
- Suranaree University of Technology: Physics
- Khon Kaen University: Agriculture
- Prince of Songkla University: Agriculture
- Ubon Ratchathani University: Geography
- Japan - Tokai University: Engineering
- Philippines - University of the Philippines Los Baños: Law
- United States:
- California - Pomona College: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Indiana - Indiana University Bloomington: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Illinois - Northern Illinois University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Maryland - Johns Hopkins University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Massachusetts - Bay Path University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- China: People’s Friendship Ambassador
- United Nations: Special Ambassador of the World Food Programme for School Feeding
- UNESCO: UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for "Empowerment of Minority Children through Education and through the Preservation of Their Intangible Cultural Heritage"
Because of her interest in foreign cultures, technology, conservation and education; there are a number of academic and research institutions in Thailand which have been granted permission to use her name, such as:
- Princess Sirindhorn's College, Mueang Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Pathom Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
- Mahachakri Sirindhorn and Boromrajkumari Building, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.
- Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Music Library, Mahidol University, Bangkok
- Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University, Bangkok.
- Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Natural History Museum, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai Campus, Hat Yai, Songkhla Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University, Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a Galactic cosmic ray detector at Thailand's highest mountain, Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Onkarak Campus, Nakhon Nayok Province
- Sirindhorn Technology and Culture Exchange Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing, China.
- Amphoe Sirindhorn of Ubon Ratchathani Province
- Sirindhorn Dam stops the Dom Noi River in Sirindhorn, Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- Sirindhorn Museum (Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Museum), Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Research Center, Sahatsakhan, Kalasin Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University
Several fauna species are named after her, including:
- Eurochelidon sirintarae (Princess Sirindhorn bird or white-eyed river martin), a critically endangered swallow first described in 1968.
- Phricotelphusa sirindhorn (panda crab). It was described in Crustaceana in 1989.
- Phuwiangosaurus sirindhornae, a sauropod herbivore dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous period. It was described in 1994.
- Sirindhorna khoratensis, a hadrosauroid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous, described in 2015.
- Acanthosquilla sirindhorn (panda mantis shrimp). It was described in Crustaceana in 1995.
- Streptocephalus sirindhornae, a freshwater fairy shrimp. It was described in the Journal of Crustacean Biology in 2000.
- Macrobrachium sirindhorn, a freshwater prawn. It was described in Crustaceana in 2001.
- Trigona sirindhornae, a bee.
- Sirindhorn thailandiensis (princess moth).
- Loxosomatoides sirindhornae, a freshwater kamptozoan. It was described in Hydrobiologia in 2005.
- Sirindhorna khoratensis, a herbivore dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous period. It was described in 2015.
Numerous plant species have been named after her:
- Sirindhornia spp., orchids:
- Sirindhornia pulchella can only be seen in Doi Chiang Dao National Park, blooming from April to June.
- Sirindhornia mirabilis can only be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province, blooming during May and June.
- Sirindhornia monophyla can be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province from March to June, as well in Myanmar and China.
- Other plant species include:
- Bauhinia sirindhorniae (sam sip song pra dong), a vine of the pea family. It was described in the Nordic Journal of Botany in 1997.
- Magnolia sirindhorniae (Princess Sirindhorn's magnolia)
- Thepparatia thailandica Phuph. or Khruea thepparat malvaceae. Thepparat is a part of her royal title. It was described in the Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) in 2006.
- Impatiens sirindhorniae Triboun & Suksathan, 2009. It was described in Gardens' Bulletin Singapore.
|Ancestors of Sirindhorn|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.|
- Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn’s Personal Affairs Division
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn", at Kanchanapisek Network
- Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Thai Heritage Conservation
- The Forest Herbarium
- Scholarship Website Information
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn"
- "Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn's Activities". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Backman, Michael, "Thai riches hinged on wise king's prodigal son" The Age, 28 June 2006.
- Kershaw, Roger (2001), Monarchy in South East Asia: The faces of tradition in transition, Routledge, p. 153
- McCargo, Duncan (2010), "Thailand", Regional Oulook: Southeast Asia 2010-2011, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, p. 55
- Watkins, Mary, P00144feabdc0.html#ixzz18VY4x1YT Cables breach taboo on Thai royal family" Financial Times, 16 December 2010.
- Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, Chapter2: Section 23 (Succession)
- "Princess Sirindhorn leaves hospital". Bangkok Post. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 20 Sep 2014.
- Sut.ac, education information
- Pattayamail, more education information
- [Handley, The King Never Smiles. p.304]
- Asian Institute of Technology, degree information
- Peking university, scholarship and award information
- Sovuthy, Khy; O'Connell, Taylor (2016-02-20). "$40K Lakeside Bathroom Constructed for Thai Princess". Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "$40,000 toilet built for Thai royal's visit to Cambodia". the Guardian. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Kanchanalak, Pornpimol (2016-02-25). "A tale of an outhouse and the ignominy of journalism". The Nation. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Sovuthy, Khy (2016-02-23). "Thai Princess Helicopters to Ratanakkiri, Inspects Bathroom". Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "File:Princess Sirindhorn 2009-12-7 Royal Thai Government House 4.jpg". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "File:Princess Sirindhorn 2009-12-7 Royal Thai Government House 3.jpg". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Princess Sirindhorn- Beauty Of Thailand". Pinterest. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Pinterest, wearing the stars of the 9 gems and chula chom klao
- PORNCHAI KITTIWONGSAKUL. "Maha Vajiralongkorn". Getty Images. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Thai Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn is in Lisbon in two-day visit to Portugal on the occasion of the celebrations of the 500th anniversary of the … - Pinteres…". Pinterest. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Wiki Commons, wearing some badges of orders and medals
- wearing the badge of the order of the white elephant
- "Princess Sirindhorn... - THailand : Royal Family - Pinterest - Princesses and Thailand". Pinterest. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- wearing badge formed medal under the star of the order of the 9 gems
- "Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn - Thai Monarchy: King Bhumibol Adulyadej - Pinterest - Royals and Princesses". Pinterest. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Zen Journalist, wearing her Medals
- Wiki Commons, wearing some Medals
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1124. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan.".
- "PRESIDENT.MN". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Dutch State Visit to Thailand: January 19-23, 2004 - Page 3 - The Royal Forums". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Hilal-E-Pakistan: Thai princess honoured". The Express Tribune. March 21, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "President confers hilal-e-pakistan upon princess maha chakri sirindhorn of Thailand urges for taking pak- thai bilateral ties to new heights - Pakistan Press International". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Julian Parker/Mark Cuthbert. "Maha Chakri Sirindhorn". Getty Images. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Glittering Royal Events Message Board: Re: Coronation in Tonga". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Word doc, award and position information
- 张锐. "Thai princess visits China publishing house". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "The Hindu : National : Kalam presents Indira Gandhi peace prize to Thai princess". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. "Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "CHIANG MAI UNIVERSITY, THAILAND". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Administrative User (January 7, 2013). "Celentano Awarded with Honorary Doctorate". Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn to preside over AIT Day 2010". Asian Institute of Technology. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HKU Honorary Graduates - Graduate Detail". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Princess of Thailand Visited Peking University_Peking University". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "TOKAI News - Tokai Univ.". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- The University of the Philippines conferred an honoris causa L.L.D. for her achievements as a global leader in sustaining rural and agricultural development and in promoting education and science to improve the lives of farming communities in Asia and the world.
- "Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand Receives Honorary Degree From Pomona College". Pomona College in Claremont, California - Pomona College. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "IU to present honorary degrees to Thai princess and surgeon general of the Navy". IU News Room: Indiana University. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "HRH Princess Sirindhorn gets royal NIU welcome". The Nation. September 19, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "JHU Honorary Degrees Awarded". Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- "Bay Path College graduates told to accept change". masslive.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Thai Princess Sirindhorn ReceivesTitle of Friendship Ambassador_学汇乐手机网博客". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- "Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University - Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany)
SirindhornBorn: 2 April 1955
Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana
|Line of succession to the Thai throne
Princess Chulabhorn Walailak
|Order of precedence|
The Crown Prince
|The Princess Royal
Princess Chulabhorn Walailak