List of colonial governors of Portuguese Timor

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Map of East Timor.
Coat of arms of Portuguese Timor

This is a list of European (as well as Australian and Japanese) colonial administrators responsible for the territory of Portuguese Timor, an area equivalent to modern-day East Timor.

List of Colonial Heads of Portuguese Timor[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Portuguese Timor
Subordinated to Portuguese India
1647 to 1649 António de São Jacinto, Captain In Cupão
1649 to 1652 Francisco Carneiro, Captain In Cupão
1652 to 1662 ..., Captain
1662 to 1664 Simão Luís, Captain
1665 to 1666 Simão Luís, Captain-Major
1666 to 1669 António Hornay, acting Captain-Major 1st time
1669 to 1670 Fernão Martins da Ponte, acting Captain-Major
1671 to 1673 Mateus da Costa, acting Captain-Major
1673 to 1693 António Hornay, acting Captain-Major 2nd time
1680 João Antunes Portugal, Captain-Major Sent by Portugal but refused by settlers
1694 to 1696 Francisco Hornay, acting Captain-Major
1696 to 1697 António de Mesquita Pimentel, Captain-Major
1697 André Coelho Vieira, Captain-Major
1697 to 1702 Domingos da Costa, acting Captain-Major
20 February 1702 to 1705 António Coelho Guerreiro, Governor
1705 to 1706 Lourenço Lopes, Governor
1706 to 1708 Manuel Ferreira de Almeida, Governor 1st time
1708 to 1709 Jácome de Morais Sarmento, Governor
1709 to 1714 Manuel de Souto-Maior, Governor
1714 Manuel Ferreira de Almeida, Governor 2nd time
1714 to 1718 Domingos da Costa, Governor
1718 to 1719 Francisco de Melo e Castro, Governor
1719 to 1722 Manuel de Santo António, Governor
1722 to 1725 António de Albuquerque Coelho, Governor
1725 to 1729 António Moniz de Macedo, Governor 1st time
1729 to 1731 Pedro de Melo, Governor
1731 to 1734 Pedro do Rego Barreto da Gama e Castro, Governor
1734 to 1739 António Moniz de Macedo, Governor 2nd time
1739 to 1741 ..., acting Governor
1741 to 1745 Manuel Leonís de Castro, Governor
1745 to 1748 Francisco Xavier Moraes Doutel, Governor
1748 to 1751 Manuel Correia de Lacerda, Governor
1751 to 1759 Manuel Doutel de Figueiredo Sarmento, Governor
1759 to 1760 Sebastião de Azevedo e Brito, Governor
1760 to 1763 ..., acting Governor
1763 to 1765 Dionísio Gonçalves Rebelo Galvão, Governor
1765 to 1768 ..., acting Governor
1768 to 1776 António José Teles de Meneses, Governor
1776 to 1779 Caetano de Lemos Telo de Meneses, Governor
1779 to 1782 Lourenço de Brito Correia, Governor
1782 to 1785 João Anselmo de Almeida Soares, Governor
1785 to 1788 João Baptista Vieira Godinho, Governor
1788 to 1790 Feliciano António Nogueira Lisboa, Governor
1790 to 1794 Joaquim Xavier de Morias Sarmento, Governor
1794 to 1800 João Baptista Verquaim, Governor
1800 to 1804 José Joaquim de Sousa, Governor
1804 to 1807 João Vicente Soares da Veiga, Governor
1807 to 1810 António de Mendonça Côrte-Real, Governor
1810 António Botelho Homem Bernardes Pessõa, Governor
1810 to 1812 Joaquim António Duarte da Silva Veloso, Governor
1812 to 1815 Vitorino Freire da Cunha Gusmão, Governor
1815 to 1819 José Pinto Alcoforado de Azevedo e Sousa, Governor
1819 to 1821 Gregório Rodrigues Pereira, Governor
1821 to 1832 Manuel Joaquim de Matos e Góis, Governor
1832 Miguel da Silveira Lorena, Governor
1832 to 1834 Miguel Carlos da Cunha da Silveira e Lorena, Governor
1834 to 1839 José Maria Marques, Governor
1839 to 1844 Frederico Leão Cabreira de Brito Alvelos Drago Valente, Governor
Subordinated to Macau
1844 to 1848 Julião José da Silva Vieiras, Governor
1848 to 30 October 1850 António Olavo Monteiro Torres, Governor
Separate colony
30 October 1850 to 1851 António Olavo Monteiro Torres, Governor
23 June 1851 to 15 September 1851 José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, Governor
Subordinated to Macau
15 September 1851 to 1852 José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, Governor
1852 to 1856 Manuel de Saldanha da Gama, Governor
Subordinated to Portuguese India
1856 to 1859 Manuel de Saldanha da Gama, Governor
1859 to 1863 Afonso de Castro, Governor
Separate overseas province
1863 to 1864 José Manuel Pereira de Almeida, Governor
1864 to 1866 José Eduardo da Costa Meneses, Governor
Subordinated to Macau
1866 to 1869 Francisco Teixeira da Silva + António Joaquim Garcia, Governors
1870 to 1871 João Clímaco de Carvalho + Manuel de Castro Sampaio, Governors
1873 to 1876 Hugo Goodair de Lacerda Castelo Branco, Governor 1st time
1876 to 1878 'Joaquim António da Silva Ferrão + José Alves da Costa, Governors
1878 to 1880 Hugo Goodair de Lacerda Castelo Branco, Governor 2nd time
1880 to 1881 Augusto César Cardoso de Carvalho + José dos Santos Vaquinhas, Governors
1882 to 1883 Bento da França Pinto de Oliveira + Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa + Francisco de Paula da Lua, Governors 1st time for Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa
1883 to 1885 João Maria Pereira + Cipriano Forjaz, Governors 1st time for Cipriano Forjaz
1885 to 3 March 1887 Alfredo de Lacerda Maia
1887 António Joaquim Garcia, Governors
1887 to 1888 António Francisco da Costa, Governor
1888 to 1889 Rafael Jácome Lopes de Andrade, Governor
1889 to 1890 Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa, Governor 2nd time
1890 to 1894 Cipriano Forjaz, Governor 2nd time
1894 Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa, Governor 3rd time
1894 to 15 October 1896 José Celestino da Silva, Governor
Separate colony
15 October 1896 to 1908 José Celestino da Silva, Governor
1908 Jaime Augusto Vieira da Rocha, acting Governor
1908 to 1909 Eduardo Augusto Marquês, Governor
1909 to 1910 Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro, Governor 1st time
1910 to 30 October 1910 Alfredo Augusto de Soveral Martins, Governor
1910 Anselmo Augusto Coelho de Carvalho, acting Governor
1910 José Carrazeda Caldas Viana e Andrade, acting Governor
1911 to 1913 Filomeno da Câmara Melo Cabral, Governor 1st time
1913 to 1914 Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro, acting Governor 2nd time
1914 to 1917 Filomeno da Cámara Melo Cabral, Governor 2nd time
1917 César de Abreu + José Machado Duarte Júnior, acting Governors
1917 to 1919 Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco, acting Governor 1st time
1919 to 1920 Manuel Paulo de Sousa Gentil, Governor
1920 to 1921 Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco, acting Governor 2nd time
1921 José de Paiva Gomes, Governor 1st time
1921 Humberto dos Santos Leitão, acting Governor 1st time
1921 to 1923 José de Paiva Gomes, Governor 2nd time
1923 to 1924 Humberto dos Santos Leitão, acting Governor 2nd time
1924 to 1926 Raimundo Enes Meira, Governor
1926 to 1929 Teófilo Duarte, Governor
1929 to 1930 Cesário Augusto de Almeida Viana, Governor
1930 Abel Teixeira da Costa Tavares, acting Governor
1930 to 1933 Antonio Baptista Justo, Governor
1933 José Luís Fontoura de Sequeira, acting Governor
1933 to 1936 Raúl de Antas Manso Preto Mendes Cruz, Governor
1936 Eduardo Bernardo Lápido Loureiro, acting Governor
1937 to 1940 Álvaro Eugénio Neves da Fontoura, Governor
1940 António Jacinto Magro, acting Governor
1940 to 8 December 1945 Manuel de Abreu Ferreira de Carvalho, Governor Considered himself a prisoner during allied rule from December 1941 until February 1942; confined by Japanese from February 1942 until August 1945
Occupation of Portuguese Timor by Australian and Dutch forces
17 December 1941 to 20 February 1942 William Watt Leggatt, Commander of Australian forces
17 December 1941 to 20 February 1942 Nico Leonard Willem van Straten, Commander of Dutch forces
Occupation of Portuguese Timor by Japanese forces
20 February 1942 to 1942 Sadashichi Doi, Commander
August 1942 to November 1944 Yuichi Tsuchihashi, Commander
November 1944 to August 1945 Kunitaro Yamada, Commander
Portuguese Timor
1946 to 1950 Óscar Freire de Vasconcelos Ruas, Governor
1950 to 11 June 1950 César Maria de Serpa Rosa, Governor
Overseas province
11 June 1950 to 1958 César Maria de Serpa Rosa, Governor
1959 to 1963 Filipe José Freire Temudo Barata, Governor
1963 to 1968 José Alberty Correia, Governor
1968 to 1972 José Nogueira Valente Pires, Governor
1972 to 1974 Fernando Alves Adeía, Governor
18 November 1974 to 27 November 1975 Mário Lemos Pires, Governor From 11 August 1975, on Atauro Island
28 November 1975 Unilateral declaration of independence as Democratic Republic of East Timor
7 December 1975 Invaded by Indonesia
17 July 1976 – 19 October 1999 Annexed by Indonesia (Timor Timur province). Not recognised by Portugal; remained recognised by United Nations as Portuguese territory.
30 August 1999 Referendum votes for independence 78%
20 September 1999 – 19 May 2002 International administration (from 28 February 2000, under UN administration; United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor [UNTAET]).
20 May 2002 Independence as Democratic Republic of East Timor

For continuation after independence, see: President of East Timor

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]