List of fortifications in Malta

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Map of the fortifications of the Grand Harbour and Marsamxett in 1803.

This is a list of fortifications of Malta.[1]

Prehistoric fortifications[edit]

Name Image Location Built Status
Baħrija Megalithic and Punic-Roman remains (12523907795).jpg Rabat Bronze Age Scant remains
Borġ in-Nadur Borg in-Nadur ruins.jpeg Birżebbuġa c.1450 BC One bastion intact
Nuffara View from Ġgantija.jpg Xagħra Bronze Age Scant remains
Qortin St. Paul's Bay Bronze Age Scant remains
Ras il-Ġebel Mġarr Bronze Age Scant remains
Wardija ta' San Ġorġ Siġġiewi Bronze Age Scant remains

Walled cities[edit]

Name Image Location Built Builder Status
Birgu Saint John Bastion.jpg Birgu c.13th–18th centuries Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Mostly intact, undergoing restoration
Cittadella Citadel in Victoria.jpg Victoria Antiquity–1622 Crown of Aragon
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Intact, undergoing restoration
Cottonera Lines Stanta Margherita Lines.jpg Cospicua
Birgu
1670–18th century Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Mostly intact
Floriana Lines Malta - Floriana - Triq Sa Maison - Sa Maison Bastion (MSTHC) 02 ies.jpg Floriana 1635–18th century Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Mostly intact
Mdina Aerial view Mdina, Malta.jpg Mdina Antiquity–1746 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Santa Margherita Lines St Helen's Gate.jpg Cospicua 1638–1736 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Partially intact
Senglea Malta - Senglea - Triq il-31 ta' Marzu + Saint Anne Gate + Fort Saint Michael 02 ies.jpg Senglea 1552–18th century Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Partially intact
Valletta Malta - Valletta - St. Michael's Bastion (Manoel Island) 01 ies.jpg Valletta 1566–1570s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Mostly intact, partially restored

Forts[edit]

Name Image Location Built Builder Status
Fort Benghisa Malta - Birzebbuga - Triq Benghajsa - Fort Benghajsa 01 ies.jpg Birżebbuġa 1910–1912 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, neglected
Fort Binġemma Malta - Rabat - Fort Bingemma 06 ies.jpg Rabat 1875–1878 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, illegally occupied
Fort Campbell Fort Campbell.jpg Mellieħa 1937–1938 United Kingdom United Kingdom Ruins
Fort Chambray Sudika Fort Chambray panorama.jpg Għajnsielem 1749–1760s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, redeveloped
Fort Delimara Malta - Marsaxlokk - Triq Delimara - Fort Delimara 14 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk 1876–1888 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration proposed
Fort Leonardo Malta283.JPG Żabbar 1872–1878 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration proposed
Fort Madalena Malta - Swieqi - Triq il-Madliena - Fort Madliena 08 ies.jpg Swieqi 1878–1880 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as a rescue corps headquarters and training school
Fort Manoel Malta - Gzira - Manoel Island - Fort Manoel (Ferry Sliema-Valletta) 02 ies.jpg Gżira 1723–1733 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Fort Mellieħa Mellieħa 1940s United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restored
Fort Mosta Malta - Naxxar - Triq il-Burmarrad + Fort Mosta 01 ies.jpg Mosta 1878–1880s United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as an ammunition depot
Fort Pembroke Entrance to Pembroke Fort.jpg Pembroke 1875–1878 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as a school
Fort Ricasoli Sudika Kalkara Fort Ricasoli.jpg Kalkara 1670–1693 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, neglected
Fort Saint Angelo Malta - Birgu - Fort Saint Angelo (Upper Barrakka Gardens) 01 ies.jpg Birgu 13th century–1690s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, undergoing restoration
Fort Saint Elmo Walls of Valletta near Fort St Elmo.jpg Valletta 1552–1570s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Fort San Lucian Malta - Birzebbuga - Triq il-Qajjenza - St. Lucian Tower 11 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk 1872–1878 United Kingdom United Kingdom[b] Intact, used as an aquaculture research centre
Fort Saint Michael Malta - Senglea - Triq il-Mons. Panzavecchia + Main Gate + Fort Saint Michael 02 ies.jpg Senglea 1552–1581 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished, part of the base survives
Fort Saint Rocco Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 24.jpg Kalkara 1872–1900 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact
Fort San Salvatore Cottonera lines 2.jpg Birgu 1724 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, neglected
Fort Tas-Silġ Malta - Marsaxlokk - Triq Delimara - Fort Tas-Silg 10 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk 1879–1883 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as an animal sanctuary
Fort Tigné Malta - Sliema - Tigné Point - outer trail - Fort Tigné (MSTHC) 02 ies.jpg Sliema 1793–1795 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Fort Verdala Birgu City as a monument 18.jpg Cospicua 1852–1856 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as housing estates and a school

Towers[edit]

Name Image Location Built Builder Status
Castro Interiore Birgu c. 1274 Angevins Modified[2]
Birgu Clock Tower Birgu Clock Tower.jpg Birgu Medieval-Order of St John Modified to be used as a clock tower and then destroyed in WWII
Burmarrad Tower Burmarrad 1494 Replaced by another tower in 1618 in the close proximity[3]
Aħrax Tower Malta - Mellieha - Triq ir-Ramla tat-Torri l-Abjad - Armier Tower 02 ies.jpg Mellieħa 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, abandoned
Bengħisa Tower Birżebbuġa 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Birkirkara Tower Birkirkara defense Tower.jpeg Birkirkara c. 16th century Intact
Blat Mogħża Tower Mġarr c. 1637 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Collapsed
Captain's Tower Captain Tower, Naxxar, Malta.png Naxxar c. 1550s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Cavalier Tower TurmQrendi.jpg Qrendi Unknown Unknown Intact
Delimara Tower Marsaxlokk 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Dwejra Tower Vigie maltaise.jpg San Lawrenz 1652 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Garzes Tower Għajnsielem 1605–1607 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Għajn Ħadid Tower Ghajn Hadid Tower closer view.JPG Mellieħa 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Għajn Tuffieħa Tower Malta - Mgarr - Triq Ghajn Tuffieha - Ghajn Tuffieha Tower 03 ies.jpg Mġarr 1637 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Għallis Tower Malta Ghallis one.JPG Naxxar 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Ħamrija Tower Malta - Qrendi - Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Archaeological Park - Torri tal-Hamrija 02 ies.jpg Qrendi 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Isopu Tower Torri ta Sopu.jpg Nadur 1667 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Lippija Tower Malta - Mgarr - Ta' Lippija Tower 02 ies.jpg Mġarr 1637 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Madliena Tower Malta - Pembroke - Triq Martin Luther King - Madliena Tower 03 ies.jpg Pembroke 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Intact, restored
Marsalforn Tower Xagħra 1614–1616 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Collapsed, some ruins remain
Mġarr ix-Xini Tower Mgarr ix-Xini Tower.jpeg Għajnsielem 1661 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Nadur Tower Nadur Tower exterior and fence.jpg Rabat 1637 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Orsi Tower Kalkara 1629 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Destroyed
Qawra Tower Malta - St. Paul's Bay - Triq it-Trunciera - Ras il-Qawra - Qawra Tower 04 ies.jpg St. Paul's Bay 1638 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a restaurant
Saint Agatha's Tower St. Agatha's Tower-NW.JPG Mellieħa 1647–1649 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Saint George's Tower St George's Tower.jpeg St. Julian's 1638 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Intact, in the grounds of a hotel
Saint Julian's Tower Malta - Sliema - Triq it-Torri - St. Julian's Tower 03 ies.jpg Sliema 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a restaurant
Saint Lucian Tower Marsaxlokk-stlucianstower-237.jpg Marsaxlokk 1610–1611 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John[a] Intact, used as an aquaculture research centre
Saint Mark's Tower Malta - Naxxar - St. Mark's Tower peninsula - St. Mark's Tower 01 ies.jpg Naxxar 1658 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Saint Mary's Tower Santa Marija Tower Comino 2.jpg Għajnsielem 1618 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Santa Maria delle Grazie Tower Flag of Xghajra.svg Xgħajra 1620 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Saint Thomas Tower St. Thomas Tower Marsascala.jpeg Marsaskala 1614 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Sciuta Tower Malta - Qrendi - Wied iz-Zurrieq - Triq Congreve+Torri ta' Xutu 01 ies.jpg Qrendi 1638 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restoration planned
Torre dello Standardo Mdina-torre-dello-stendardo.JPG Mdina 1725-1726 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Tal-Għassiewi Tower[4] Gudja Arab period Ruins
Tal-Wejter Tower Tal-Wejter Tower.jpg Birkirkara 17th or 18th centuries Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Triq il-Wiesgħa Tower Sudika Xghajra towers.jpg Żabbar 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Wardija Tower Wardija tower 2.jpg Żurrieq 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Wignacourt Tower Malta - St. Paul's Bay - Triq San Frangisk-Triq San Giraldu - St. Paul's Bay Tower 05 ies.jpg St. Paul's Bay 1610 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a museum
Xlendi Tower Xlendi tower 2016.jpg Munxar 1650 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, undergoing restoration
Xrobb l-Għaġin Tower Marsaxlokk 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Żonqor Tower Marsaskala 1659 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Għajn Żnuber Tower Għajn Żnuber Tower.jpg Mellieħ Unknown Possible a dejma post in origins; present structure a 19th century watch tower Intact, partially restored and partially reconstructed
Wied Żnuber Tower Birżebbuġa 16th century Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Unknown (no longer exists)[5]

Notes:

Batteries[edit]

Name Image Location Built[c] Builder Status
Aħrax Tower & Battery Malta - Mellieha - Triq ir-Ramla tat-Torri l-Abjad - Armier Tower 01 ies.jpg Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, abandoned
Arrias Battery Arias Battery - The Fortress.jpeg St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a restaurant
Balbani Battery Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Buġibba Battery Bugibba Battery 03.jpg St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished, ditch survives
Cambridge Battery Cambridge Battery 10.jpg Sliema 1878–1886 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration planned
Capuchin Convent Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 21.jpg Kalkara 1799 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Corradino Batteries Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 22.jpg Paola 1798–1799 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Delimara Tower & Battery Marsaxlokk 1793 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Della Grazie Battery Right hand ditch.JPG Xgħajra 1888–1893 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration planned
Dellia Battery Delija Redoubt image on public monument.jpeg St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Elminiech Battery Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Fedeau Battery Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Ferretti Battery Ferretti Battery.jpeg Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a restaurant
Garden Battery Malta - Sliema - Tigné Point - outer trail 04 ies.jpg Sliema 1889–1894 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration planned
Għallis Battery Naxxar 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Għargħar Battery Valletta from Gharghur Battery about 1800.jpg San Ġwann 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Jesuit Hill Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 14.jpg Marsa 1799 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Lascaris Battery Malta - Valletta - Xatt Lascaris+SS Peter and Paul Bastion+custom house+Upper Barrakka Gardens (MSTHC) 01 ies.jpg Valletta 1854–1856 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact
Lembi Battery Sliema 1757 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Maħsel Battery Marsaskala 1714 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Marsa Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 15.jpg Marsa 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Mistra Battery Malta - Mellieha - Triq il-Mistra - Mistra Coastal Battery 02 ies.jpg Mellieħa 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Pembroke Battery Pembroke 1897–1899 United Kingdom United Kingdom Partially demolished, one gun emplacement survives.
Pinto Battery Pinto Battery building and bar.jpeg Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Heavily altered
Qalet Marku Battery Qalet Marku Battery.jpg Naxxar 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Qawra Tower & Battery Malta - St. Paul's Bay - Triq it-Trunciera - Ras il-Qawra - Qawra Tower 05 ies.jpg St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a restaurant and swimming pool
Qolla l-Bajda Battery Il-Qolla l-Bajda Battery 2.jpg Żebbuġ, Gozo 1716 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, abandoned
Ramla Left Battery Xagħra 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Ramla Right Battery Nadur 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Riħama Battery Riħama Battery.jpeg Marsaskala 1714 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Mostly intact, restoration planned
Rinella Battery Malta - Kalkara - Fort Rinella 10 ies.jpg Kalkara 1878–1886 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restored
Saint Anthony's Battery Saint Anthony's Battery 1.jpg Qala 1731–1732 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Saint Julian's Tower & Battery Malta - Sliema - Triq it-Torri - St. Julian's Tower 03 ies.jpg Sliema 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Battery partially intact, tower intact
Saint Lucian Tower & Battery Malta StLucian two.jpg Marsaxlokk 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Battery demolished, tower intact
Saint Mary's Battery Santa Marija Battery 2016 3.JPG Għajnsielem 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Saint Mary's Battery Żebbuġ, Gozo 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Saint Paul's Battery Malta - Marsaxlokk - Triq Xrobb l-Ghagin - St. Paul's Battery 03 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk 1881–1886 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, abandoned
Saint Peter's Battery Kalkara 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
San Petronio Battery Kalkara 1602 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Destroyed, ditch survives
San Rocco Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 17.jpg Kalkara 1798–1799 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Saint Thomas Tower & Battery Malta St Thomas Tower four.jpg Marsaskala 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Tower intact, battery rebuilt on modern interpretative lines.
Saluting Battery Malta - Valletta - Pjazza Kastilja - Upper Barrakka Gardens - Saluting Battery 01 ies.jpg Valletta 1560s Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Sliema Batteries Sliema 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Sliema Point Battery Malta - Sliema - Triq it-Torri - Il Fortizza 03 ies.jpg Sliema 1872–1876 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as a restaurant
Spinola Battery St. Julian's 1889–1894 United Kingdom United Kingdom Demolished
Ta' Għemmuna Battery St. Julian's 1799 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Tal-Borg Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 16.jpg Tarxien 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Tarġa Battery Malta - St.Paul's Bay - Tat-Targa Battery 06 ies.jpg Mosta
St. Paul's Bay
1887–1890s United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, restoration planned
Tas-Samra Battery Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 18.jpg Ħamrun 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished. The church around which the battery was built still exists.
Tombrell Battery Marsaxlokk 1722 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished, ditch survives
Vendôme Battery Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, dilapidated
Westreme Battery Tunnara museum.jpeg Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Blockhouse intact, gun platform destroyed
Wied Musa Battery Wied Musa Battery, Marfa, Malta.jpg Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Gun platform intact, blockhouse heavily altered
Wignacourt Tower & Battery St. Paul's Bay Tower.JPG St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Battery mostly intact, tower intact
Wilġa Battery Wilga Battery.jpg Marsaxlokk 1714 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Blockhouse intact, gun platform destroyed
Wolseley Battery Marsaxlokk 1897–1899 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact
Żabbar Batteries Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 19.jpg Żabbar 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished
Żejtun Batteries French vs Maltese remains 02.jpg Żejtun 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished (one cannon remains)
Żonqor Battery Żonqor Battery 02.jpg Marsaskala 1882–1886 United Kingdom United Kingdom Intact, used as a farm

Notes:

  • Batteries located within larger fortifications are not included in the above list unless they are notable in their own right. Such batteries include:
  • Anti-aircraft batteries built in World War II are also not included.

Redoubts[edit]

Name Image Location Built[c] Builder Status
Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq Redoubt Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq Redoubt.jpg Naxxar 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a bar
Briconet Redoubt Briconet Redoubt - part used as police station.jpeg Marsaskala 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a police station
Crivelli Redoubt Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Del Fango Redoubt Marsaxlokk 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Fresnoy Redoubt Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Marsalforn Tower Marsalforn Tower 1924.jpg Xagħra 1720 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Mellieħa Redoubt Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Perellos Redoubt St. Paul's Bay 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Qalet Marku Redoubt Naxxar 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Qortin Redoubt Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Partially intact
Ramla Redoubt Xagħra 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Saint George Redoubt Saint George Redoubt.jpeg Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact
Saint Lucian Redoubt Marsaxlokk 1799 Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain Demolished
Saint Mary's Redoubt Għajnsielem 1716 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
San Rocco Redoubt Kalkara 1799 Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain Demolished
Spinola Redoubt Birżebbuġa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Tal-Bir Redoubt Reduta Tal-Bir, Mellieha, Malta 01.jpg Mellieħa 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Vendôme Tower Malta - Marsaxlokk - Triq it-Torri Vendome 02 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, used as a football club headquarters
Windmill Redoubt Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 20.jpg Żabbar 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished. The windmill around which the redoubt was built still exists.
Ximenes Redoubt Ximenes Redoubt.jpeg Naxxar 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Intact, restored
Xwejni Redoubt Żebbuġ, Gozo 1715 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Żabbar Redoubt Fortifications Interpretation Centre (Valletta) 19.jpg Żabbar 1798 Maltese insurgents Demolished

Entrenchments[edit]

Name Image Location Built[c] Builder Status
Bengħisa Entrenchment Birżebbuġa 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Demolished
Birżebbuġa Entrenchment Birżebbuġa 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Partially intact
Falca Lines Falca Gap Entrenchment.jpg Mġarr
St. Paul's Bay
1723–1732 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Għajn Tuffieħa Entrenchment Mġarr Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Partially intact
Louvier Entrenchment Mellieħa 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Never completed
Largely intact
Madliena Entrenchment Naxxar Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Short stretch intact
Naxxar Entrenchment Part of the Naxxar Entrenchment v-shaped.jpeg Naxxar 1722 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Partially intact
Qawra Point Entrenchment Qawra Point Entrenchment.jpg St. Paul's Bay 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Short stretch survives in ruins
Qbajjar Entrenchment Żebbuġ, Gozo Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Few remains survive
Ramla Entrenchment Xagħra 1720 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Few remains survive
Saint Julian's Entrenchment St.Julians Entrenchment.jpg St. Julian's Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Short stretch intact
Saint Lucian Entrenchment Marsaxlokk 1799 Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain Demolished
Spinola Entrenchment Spinola Bay to St Georges Bay Entrenchment.png St. Julian's 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Partially intact
Ta' Kassisu Entrenchment Mellieħa 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Never completed
Largely intact
Xgħajra Entrenchment Żabbar 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Short stretches intact
Xrobb l-Għaġin Entrenchment Marsaxlokk 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins
Żewwieqa Entrenchment Għajnsielem 1761 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John Ruins

Notes:

  • Entrenchments were originally planned to be built around the entire coastline of the Maltese Islands. The ones listed here are those of which some remains survive, or which are definitely known to have existed.

Lines of fortification[edit]

Name Image Location Built Builder Status
Corradino Lines View of the Corradino Lines and ditch.jpeg Paola 1871–1880 United Kingdom United Kingdom Mostly intact
Victoria Lines Victoria Lines Malta 1.jpg Rabat
Mġarr
Mosta
Naxxar
Għargħur
1875–1899 United Kingdom United Kingdom Partially intact

Notes:

Fortified houses and privately built towers[edit]

Name Image Location Built Builder Status
Sant'Angelo Tower Birżebbuġa 1702 or 1775 Viani Destroyed during WWII[6]
Armoury Armoury (Siġġiewi).jpeg Siġġiewi Intact
Bubaqra Tower Bubaqra Tower.jpg Żurrieq c. 1579 Don Matteolo Pisani Intact
Cardona Tower Għarb Cardona family Intact,[7]machicolations removed
Castello Lanzun Castello Lanzun.jpg San Ġwann 15th century–1713 Wenzu Lanzun Intact
Gauci Tower Torri Gauci.png Naxxar 16th century Francesco Gauci Intact
Gourgion Tower Xewkija 1690 Giovanni Gourgion Demolished, some stonework survives
Ingraw Tower Hal Tmim heritage buildings 08.jpg Żejtun 1603 Clemente Tabone Dismantled; stonework used to built farmhouses[8][9]
Mamo Tower Malta - Marsaskala - Triq id-Dahla ta' San Tumas - Mamo Tower 13 ies.jpg Marsaskala 1657 Gregorio and Giorgio Mamo Intact, restored
Mari ta’ Qerqni Tower Birżebbuġa Unclear Intact, converted into a farmhouse
Sant'Antnin Tower Żejtun Destroyed during WWII[9]
Santa Cecilia Tower Torri St Cecilia.jpeg Għajnsielem 1613 Fra Bernardo Macedonia Intact
Ta' Bettina Tower Malta - Marsaxlokk - Triq Xrobb l-Ghagin - Xrobb l-Ghagin + Ta' Bettina Tower 01 ies.jpg Marsaxlokk c. 1740 D'Aurel Family Intact
Tal-Buttar Tower Tal-Gardiel Tower.jpeg Marsaskala Intact and used as a rural building with a close by watermill.[10]
Tal-Gardiel Tower Tal-Gardiel Tower 2.jpg Marsaskala Intact
Tal-Mozz Tower Żejtun 1628 Intact[9]
Wied il-Qoton Tower Birżebbuġa 18th century Unprofessionally modified in 1758
Verdala Palace Building Malta.jpg Siġġiewi 1586 Hugues Loubenx de Verdalle Intact

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Some alterations were made by the United Kingdom United Kingdom
  2. ^ The fort was built around a tower of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John.
  3. ^ a b c Some dates are approximate

References[edit]

  1. ^ Castagna, P. P. (1865). Malta bil chzejer tehne u li ghadda min ghaliha (in Old Maltese). 1. pp. 166–168. 
  2. ^ Vella, John (2016). "The Rock-cut Church of Bormla: Origins and Developments" (PDF). Journal of Maltese History. University of Malta. 5 (1): 60. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2018. 
  3. ^ Guillaumier, Alfie (2002). Bliet u Rhula Maltin. 1. Klabb Kotba Maltin. p. 129. ISBN 99932-39-15-1. 
  4. ^ "thinksite.eu" (PDF). www.thinksite.eu. 
  5. ^ "Fortifikazzjonijiet f'Birżebbuġa". 19 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "300 Sena ilu nbniet Il-Kappella ta' Sant'Anġlu ta' Ħal Far". sanpietru.wordpress.com. 
  7. ^ "page 98" (PDF). 
  8. ^ Bugeja, Anton (2014). "Clemente Tabone: The man, his family and the early years of St Clement's Chapel" (PDF): 42–57. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c Abela, Joe; Brincat, Anthony M. "Santa Maria ta' Ħal Tmin ~ Żejtun ~". Kappelli Maltin (in Maltese). Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.independent.com.mt/articles/2006-06-18/news/irrational-with-marsascala-shocking-building-proposals-for-scheduled-properties-92911/