Birkirkara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Birkirkara
B'Kara, Birchircara,
San Ġwann tal-Għorgħar
Local council
Skyline of Birkirkara
Skyline of Birkirkara
Flag of Birkirkara
Flag
Coat of arms of Birkirkara
Coat of arms
Motto: In hoc signo vinces
Birkirkara in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°53′48″N 14°27′45″E / 35.89667°N 14.46250°E / 35.89667; 14.46250Coordinates: 35°53′48″N 14°27′45″E / 35.89667°N 14.46250°E / 35.89667; 14.46250
Country  Malta
Region Central Region
District Northern Harbour District
Borders Balzan, Iklin, Lija, Msida, Qormi, San Ġwann, Santa Venera
Government
 • Mayor Joanne Debono Grech (PL)
Area
 • Total 2.7 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (March 2014)
 • Total 22,247
 • Density 8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Karkariż (m), Karkariża (f), Karkariżi (pl)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code BKR
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-04
Patron saints St. Helen; St. Mary; St. Joseph the Worker; Our Lady of Mount Carmel; St. Anthony of Padova
Day of festa St. Helen August 18 (or first Sunday after date); Sunday after 15 August; May 1; First Sunday of July; First Sunday of June
Website Official website

Birkirkara or B'Kara (Italian: Birchircara) is a town in the Central Region of Malta. It is the most populated town on the island, with 22,247 inhabitants as of March 2014.[1] The city consists of four autonomous parishes: St Helen, St Joseph, Our Lady of Mount Carmel and St Mary. It also houses one of the most famous colleges in Malta, St Aloysius' College. Birkirkara is the home town of President Emeritus Edward Fenech Adami and former Opposition Leader Alfred Sant and also the birthplace of the first president of Malta Anthony Mamo. The city's motto is In hoc signo vinces, and its coat of arms is a plain red cross, surmounted by a crown.

Description[edit]

The Birchircara Old Railway Station

There are many places of interest in Birkirkara, amongst them the Old Railway Station which is today located within a public garden. Trains were used as means of transportation across the island until the Railway's closure happened in 1931. Other town features include the Wignacourt Aqueduct built in the 17th Century, and St Helen's Basilica, housing Malta's largest church bell. Birkirkara is one of Malta's oldest towns and received mention in the 1436 Ecclesiastical Report mentioning the then existing parishes in Malta and Gozo, from which Birkirkara emerged as the largest parish. Various parishes and suburbs developed out of Birkirkara over the years, including Sliema, St. Julian's, Msida, Ħamrun in the 19th century and Santa Venera in the early 20th century. In more recent years, San Ġwann (1965) and the hamlet of Ta' l-Ibraġ hived off Birkirkara to form part of the new parish and locality of Swieqi in 1993.

Birkirkara's main religious feast is that of St Helen which is celebrated on 18 August if it falls on a Sunday, or on the first Sunday after that date. The main event of the celebration is a procession with a large wooden statue carved by the Maltese master-sculptor Salvu Psaila. Notably, this is the only procession (with a titular statue) on the island carried out in the morning. The procession leaves the basilica at exactly 8:00 a.m. and returns to it at 10:45 a.m. The statue is lifted to shoulder-height by a group of townsmen and is carried through the main streets of the town.

Birkirkara has grown into an important commercial centre as well as a densely populated residential area.

Climate[edit]

In Birkirkara, the temperature varies from 10.3 to 30.7 °C (50.5 to 87.3 °F) during a year.[2]

Birkirkara[2]
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
225
 
 
15
10
 
 
150
 
 
15
10
 
 
100
 
 
17
12
 
 
80
 
 
19
13
 
 
50
 
 
23
16
 
 
0
 
 
27
20
 
 
0
 
 
29
22
 
 
15
 
 
31
24
 
 
80
 
 
28
22
 
 
200
 
 
25
19
 
 
170
 
 
20
15
 
 
200
 
 
17
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Birkirkara Local Council[edit]

The current Birkirkara local council members are:

  • Joanne Debono Grech (Mayor, PL)
  • Rita Borg (Vice-Mayor, PL)
  • Michael Fenech Adami (PN)
  • Kaylocke Buhagiar (PL)
  • Liam Gauci (PL)
  • Josianne Cardona Gatt (PN)
  • Mark Abdilla (PN)
  • Anthony Buttigieg (PL)
  • John Mary Calleja (PL)
  • Herbert Conti (PL)
  • John Mizzi (PN)
  • Marie Claire Zammit (PN)
  • John Borg (PN)

Birkirkara Community Service[edit]

St Helen Basilica during feast, in 2015
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish Church, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road), Fleur-de-Lys
  • Our Lady, Mother of the Church Parish Church, Triq il-Graffiti Navali, Swatar
  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish Church, Triq il-Bwieraq (Bwieraq Street)
  • St. Helen's Parish Church, Triq is-Santwarju (Sanctuary Street)
  • St. Mary's Parish Church, Triq il-Knisja l-Qadima (Old Church Street)
  • Our Lady of Victory Parish Church, Triq il-Vitorja (Victory Street)
  • Birkirkara Local Council, Triq Tumas Fenech (Thomas Fenech Street)
  • Birkirkara District Police Station, Triq il-Kbira (Main Street)
  • Birkirkara Malta Labour Party Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road)
  • Birkirkara Partit Nazzjonalista Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road)
  • Birkirkara Branch Post Office, Triq il-Wied (Valley Road)
    • Birkirkara Sub-Post Offices at: Triq Mannarino (Mannarino Road); Triq Tumas Fenech (Thomas Fenech Street); and Triq L. Casolani (L. Casolani Street)
  • Da Vinci Hospital, Triq Kan. K. Pirotta (Can. K. Pirotta Street)
  • Birkirkara Health Centre, Triq Tumas Fenech
  • Birkirkara Regional Library, Triq Tumas Fenech

Zones in Birkirkara[edit]

Mrieħel

Sport[edit]

Birkirkara is known for its football club, Birkirkara F.C., who won the Maltese Premier League four times.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Birkirkara climate and weather". world 66. world66.com. 10 June 2013. 

External links[edit]