Parish church and square of Żebbuġ
Motto(s): Terra Sublimis|
(A lofty region)
|District||Gozo and Comino District|
|Established||c. 13th century|
|Borders||Għasri, Victoria, Xagħra|
|• Mayor||Nicky Saliba (PN)|
|• Total||7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2014)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Żebbuġi t'Għawdex (m), Żebbuġija t'Għawdex (f), Żebbuġin t'Għawdex (pl)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT-65|
|Patron saint||Assumption of Mary|
|Day of festa||Sunday after 15 August|
Żebbuġ (Maltese: Iż-Żebbuġ) is a small village overlooking the northwest coast of the island of Gozo in Malta. It is located close to Għarb and Għasri and is built on two hilltop plateaus, Ta' Abram and Ix-Xagħra taż-Żebbuġ. The fishing port and tourist resort of Marsalforn lies within the Żebbuġ Council. The village has a population of 2,956 (as of March 2014), which makes it the fifth largest in Gozo, after Xewkija.
With an area of 7.6 km2, Żebbuġ is the largest local council in Gozo by land area. The word Żebbuġ means "olive trees", a crop for which the village used to be noted, although nowadays very few olive trees remain on the slopes of Żebbuġ. The village is also well known for its fine lacework and for its nearby coastal beauty spots.
The areas around Żebbuġ have been inhabited for millennia. There are Bronze Age remains on Ta' Kuljat hill, and even older remains can be found to the north, close to Qbajjar Bay. Punic tombs were also found at Qbajjar.
Over the following centuries, the area was then inhabited only by a few farmers. A community began to take shape in the 13th century, and eventually a small chapel was built.
The parish of Żebbuġ, which is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary (Maltese: Santa Marija), was established on 28 April 1688 by bishop Davide Cocco Palmieri. The village's parish church is the oldest one in Gozo, apart from St George's basilica (1678) and the cathedral (1714) in Victoria.
From 1715 onwards, a chain of fortifications were built along the Żebbuġ coastline, especially at Marsalforn. Most of these have been destroyed over the years, with the only surviving vestige being Qolla l-Bajda Battery between Qbajjar and Xwejni Bays.
In 1738, deposits of calcite travertine (referred to locally as alabaster, or, though it is related to neither, as 'onyx marble' on account of its banded appearance when cut) were discovered in a field known as Taċ-Ċaqra or Is-Sagħtrija. The travertine was used to decorate the interior of the parish church of Żebbuġ, as well as in some other churches in Gozo and Malta.
Places of interest
- Parish Church of the Assumption of Mary – Originally built as a chapel in 1644, replaced by a church built between 1690 and 1726. It was further enlarged between 1938 and 1942.
- Qolla l-Bajda Battery – a coastal battery built in around 1716. It is one of two surviving examples on Gozo.
Żebbuġ main roads
- Triq Għajn Melel (Għajn Melel Street)
- Triq il-Knisja (Church Street)
- Triq il-Ponta (Point Street)
- Triq iż-Żebbuġ (Żebbuġ Street)
- "Zebbug". Discover Gozo. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
- "Żebbuġ". Gozo Diocese. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Ta' Kuljat - Ancient Village or Settlement in Malta in Gozo". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Iz-Zebbug Culture & History". Żebbuġ Local Council. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Bezzina, Joseph. "Marsalforn Culture & History". Żebbuġ Local Council. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Iż-Żebbuġ". Visit Gozo. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Said, George (December 2011). "Geological and Geomorphological Aspects of the Żebbuġ and Marsalforn Region" (PDF). Gozo Observer (n. 25).
- "The art and craft of marble - The Malta Independent". www.independent.com.mt. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Mineralienatlas Lexikon - Malta / Gozo / Zebbug (english Version)". www.mineralienatlas.de. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- Attard, Geoffrey (1 September 2013). "How the Żebbuġ church came to gain its onyx". Times of Malta. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Scerri, John. "Zebbug". Malta-Canada.com. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
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