List of geological features on Ganymede

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Geologic Map of Ganymede (February 11, 2014).

This is a list of named geological features, except craters, on Ganymede, a moon of Jupiter. The list is complete as for August 2016.

Catenae (crater chains)[edit]

Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Enki Catena 38.84N 13.86W 160 1997 Enki, Principal water god of the Apsu.
Khnum Catena 32.9N 349.27W 66 1997 Khnum, Egyptian creation god.
Nanshe Catena 15.4N 352.9W 103.8 1997 Goddess of springs and canals, daughter of Enki.
Terah Catena 7.1N 277.6W 283 2000 Phoenician moon god who battled with Keret in Negeb.


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Abydos Facula 33.4N 153.4W 180 1985 Abydos, Egyptian town where Osiris was worshipped.
Akhmin Facula 27.7N 189.5W 245 1997 Akhmim, Egyptian town where Min was worshipped.
Bigeh Facula 29.0N 94.3W 224 2000 Bigeh, island where Hapi, Egyptian Nile god, resided.
Busiris Facula 15.7N 215.4W 369 1985 Busiris, town in lower Egypt where Osiris was first installed as local god.
Buto Facula 13.2N 203.5W 245 1985 Swamp where Isis hid Osiris' body.
Coptos Facula 9.9N 209.2W 329 1985 Coptos, early town from which caravans departed.
Edfu Facula 25.7N 147.1W 184 1985 Edfu, Egyptian town where Horus was worshipped.
Heliopolis Facula 18.5N 147.2W 50 1997 Heliopolis, sacred Egyptian city of the sun.
Hermopolis Facula 22.4N 195.3W 260 1997 Hermopolis, place where Unut was worshipped.
Memphis Facula 14.1N 131.9W 361 1985 Memphis, ancient capital of lower kingdom.
Siwah Facula 7.0N 143.1W 220 1985 Siwa, oasis oracle of Zeus-Ammon; visited by Alexander.
Tettu Facula 37.6N 161.2W 189 1985 Egyptian town where Hatmenit and Osiris were worshipped.
Thebes Facula 7.1N 202.4W 360 1985 Thebes, ancient capital of upper kingdom.

Fossae (ditches)[edit]

Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Lakhamu Fossa 11.6S 227.7W 370 1985 Dragon monster, or divine natural force produced by Apsu and Tiamat.
Lakhmu Fossae 50.4N 128.0W 3,700 1985 Lahmu, dragon monster, or divine natural force produced by Apsu and Tiamat.
Zu Fossae 38.5N 150.5W 2,900 1985 Anzû (Zu), dragon of chaos slain by Marduk.


Name Coordinates Diameter Year named Namesake
Hammamat Patera 24°14′S 318°06′W / 24.23°S 318.1°W / -24.23; -318.1 45 2015 Wadi Hammamat in Egypt, associated with petroglyphs and ancient mining.
Hamra Patera 77°21′S 171°22′W / 77.35°S 171.37°W / -77.35; -171.37 43 2015 Wadi in Jordan, associated with red sandstone cliffs and ancient copper mines.
Musa Patera 31°21′S 188°28′W / 31.35°S 188.46°W / -31.35; -188.46 69 2015 Wadi Musa in Jordan, proximal to Petra archeological site.
Natrun Patera 30°56′S 183°16′W / 30.93°S 183.26°W / -30.93; -183.26 37.5 2015 Wadi El Natrun in Egypt, site of ancient monasteries, proximal to site of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s aircraft crash that inspired the novella “The Little Prince”.
Rum Patera 30°40′S 182°49′W / 30.66°S 182.82°W / -30.66; -182.82 38 2015 Wadi Rum in Jordan associated with travels of T. E. Lawrence, petroglyphs, and several Neolithic sites.
Yaroun Patera 46°39′S 142°09′W / 46.65°S 142.15°W / -46.65; -142.15 96 2015 Wadi Yaroun in Lebanon, Neolithic archaeological site.


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Barnard Regio 6.8S 11.6W 3,200 1979 Edward E.; American astronomer (1857-1923).
Galileo Regio 45N 127W 4,440 1979 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer (1564-1642).
Marius Regio 2.5N 187.7W 4,940 1979 Simon; German astronomer (1570-1624).
Melotte Regio 12S 245W 4,100 2013 Philibert Jacques; British astronomer (1880-1961).
Nicholson Regio 33.1S 6.4W 3,900 1979 Seth Barnes; American astronomer (1891-1963).
Perrine Regio 34N 28W 3,800 1979 Charles D.; American astronomer (1867-1951).


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Akitu Sulcus 38.9N 194.3W 365 1997 Where Marduk's statue was carried each year.
Anshar Sulcus 18.0N 197.9W 1,372 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; celestial-world home of Lakhmu and Lakhamu.
Apsu Sulci 39.4S 234.7W 1,950 1979 Sumero-Akkadian; primordial ocean.
Aquarius Sulcus 52.4N 3.9W 1,420 1979 Greek; Zeus set Ganymede among the stars as the constellation of Aquarius, the water carrier.
Arbela Sulcus 21.1S 349.8W 1,940 1985 Assyrian town where Ishtar was worshipped.
Bubastis Sulci 72.3S 282.9W 2,651 1988 Town in Egypt where Bast was worshipped.
Byblus Sulcus 37.9N 199.9W 645 1997 Ancient Phoenician city where Adonis was worshipped.
Dardanus Sulcus 46.9S 17.5W 2,988 1979 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by Zeus disguised as an eagle.
Dukug Sulcus 83.5N 3.8W 385 1985 Sumerian holy cosmic chamber of the gods.
Elam Sulci 58.2N 200.3W 1,855 1985 Ancient Babylonian seat of sun worship, in present-day Iran.
Erech Sulcus 7.3S 179.2W 953 1985 Akkadian town that was built by Marduk.
Harpagia Sulcus 11.7S 318.7W 1,792 1985 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by an eagle.
Hursag Sulcus 9.7S 233.1W 750 1985 Sumerian mountain where winds dwell.
Kishar Sulcus 6.4S 216.6W 1,187 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; terrestrial-world home of Lakhmu and Lakhamu.
Lagash Sulcus 10.9S 163.2W 1,575 1985 Early Babylonian town.
Larsa Sulcus 3.8N 248.7W 1,000 2000 Sumerian town.
Mashu Sulcus 29.8N 205.7W 2,960 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; mountain with twin peaks where sun rose and set.
Mysia Sulci 7.0S 7.9W 5,066 1979 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by an eagle.
Nineveh Sulcus 23.5N 53.1W 1,700 1997 City where Ishtar was worshipped.
Nippur Sulcus 36.9N 185.0W 1,425 1985 Sumerian city.
Nun Sulci 49.5N 316.4W 1,500 1979 Egyptian; chaos; primordial ocean; held germ of all things.
Philae Sulcus 65.5N 169.0W 900 1997 Temple that was the chief sanctuary of Isis.
Philus Sulcus 44.1N 209.5W 465 1979 Greek; where Ganymede and Hebe were worshipped as rain-givers.
Phrygia Sulcus 12.4N 23.5W 3,700 1979 Greek; kingdom in Asia Minor where Ganymede was born.
Shuruppak Sulcus 19.3S 232.2W 2,800 2000 Assyro-Babylonian town on the banks of the Euphrates River where the gods planned the great flood.
Sicyon Sulcus 32.7N 18.5W 2,125 1979 Greek; where Ganymede and Hebe were worshipped as rain-givers.
Sippar Sulcus 15.4S 189.3W 1,508 1985 Ancient Babylonian town.
Tiamat Sulcus 3.4N 208.5W 1,330 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; tumultuous sea from which everything was generated.
Umma Sulcus 4.1N 250.0W 1,270 2000 Sumerian town.
Ur Sulcus 49.8N 177.5W 1,145 1985 Ancient Sumerian seat of moon worship.
Uruk Sulcus 0.8N 160.3W 2,200 1979 Babylonian city ruled by Gilgamesh.
Xibalba Sulcus 43.8N 71.1W 2,200 1997 Mayan "place of fright"; destination of those who escaped violent death.

See also[edit]