List of geological features on Ganymede

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geologic Map of Ganymede (February 11, 2014).

This is a list of named geological features on Ganymede, a moon of Jupiter.

Catenae (crater chains)[edit]

Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Enki Catena 38.8N 13.6W 161.3 1997 Principal water god of the Apsu.
Khnum Catena 32.9N 349.1W 66.0 1997 Egyptian creation god.
Nanshe Catena 15.4N 352.9W 103.8 1997 Goddess of springs and canals, daughter of Enki.
Terah Catena 7.1N 277.5W 283.0 2000 Phoenician moon god who battled with Keret in Negeb.


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Abydos Facula 33.4N 153.4W 180.0 1985 Egyptian town where Osiris was worshipped.
Akhmin Facula 27.7N 189.5W 245.0 1997 Egyptian town where Min was worshipped.
Bigeh Facula 29.0N 94.3W 224.0 2000 Island where Hapi, Egyptian Nile god, resided.
Busiris Facula 15.7N 215.4W 369.0 1985 Town in lower Egypt where Osiris was first installed as local god.
Buto Facula 13.2N 203.5W 245.0 1985 Swamp where Isis hid Osiris' body.
Coptos Facula 9.9N 209.2W 329.0 1985 Early town from which caravans departed.
Dendera Facula 0.0N 257.0W 114.0 1985 Town where Hathor was chief goddess. Name changed to Dendera.
Edfu Facula 25.7N 147.1W 184.0 1985 Egyptian town where Horus was worshipped.
Heliopolis Facula 18.5N 147.2W 50.0 1997 Sacred Egyptian city of the sun.
Hermopolis Facula 22.4N 195.3W 260.0 1997 Place where Unut was worshipped.
Memphis Facula 14.1N 131.9W 361.0 1985 Ancient capital of lower kingdom.
Ombos Facula 4.8N 236.0W 170.0 1985 Egyptian town where Sebek's triad worshipped; present Kom Ombo.
Punt Facula 26.1S 242.2W 228.0 1985 Land east of Egypt where Bes originated. Changed to Punt (crater).
Sais Facula 37.9N 14.2W 137.0 1988 Capital of Egypt in mid-7th century B.C.
Siwah Facula 7.0N 143.1W 220.0 1985 Oasis oracle of Zeus-Ammon; visited by Alexander.
Tettu Facula 37.6N 161.2W 189.0 1985 Egyptian town where Hatmenit and Osiris were worshipped.
Thebes Facula 7.1N 202.4W 360.0 1985 Ancient capital of upper kingdom.

Fossae (ditches)[edit]

Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Lakhamu Fossa 11.6S 227.7W 370.0 1985 Dragon monster, or divine natural force produced by Apsu and Tiamat.
Lakhmu Fossae 50.4N 128.0W 3,700.0 1985 Dragon monster, or divine natural force produced by Apsu and Tiamat.
Zu Fossae 38.5N 150.5W 2,900.0 1985 Dragon of chaos slain by Marduk.


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Barnard Regio 10.7S 19.0W 3,200.0 1979 Edward E.; American astronomer (1857-1923).
Galileo Regio 47.0N 129.6W 5,000.0 1979 Italian astronomer (1564-1642).
Marius Regio 6.8N 181.2W 4,000.0 1979 Simon; German astronomer (1570-1624).
Nicholson Regio 33.5S 4.8W 3,900.0 1979 Seth Barnes; American astronomer (1891-1963).
Perrine Regio 33.2N 32.6W 3,800.0 1979 Charles D.; American astronomer (1867-1951).


Name Latitude Longitude Diameter Year named Namesake
Akitu Sulcus 38.9N 194.3W 365.0 1997 Where Marduk's statue was carried each year.
Anshar Sulcus 18.0N 197.9W 1,372.0 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; celestial-world home of Lakhmu and Lakhamu.
Apsu Sulci 39.4S 234.7W 1,950.0 1979 Sumero-Akkadian; primordial ocean.
Aquarius Sulcus 52.4N 3.9W 1,420.0 1979 Greek; Zeus set Ganymede among the stars as the constellation of Aquarius, the water carrier.
Arbela Sulcus 21.1S 349.8W 1,940.0 1985 Assyrian town where Ishtar was worshipped.
Bubastis Sulci 72.3S 282.9W 2,651.0 1988 Town in Egypt where Bast was worshipped.
Byblus Sulcus 37.9N 199.9W 645.0 1997 Ancient Phoenician city where Adonis was worshipped.
Dardanus Sulcus 46.9S 17.5W 2,988.0 1979 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by Zeus disguised as an eagle.
Dukug Sulcus 83.5N 3.8W 385.0 1985 Sumerian holy cosmic chamber of the gods.
Elam Sulci 58.2N 200.3W 1,855.0 1985 Ancient Babylonian seat of sun worship, in present-day Iran.
Erech Sulcus 7.3S 179.2W 953.0 1985 Akkadian town that was built by Marduk.
Harpagia Sulcus 11.7S 318.7W 1,792.0 1985 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by an eagle.
Hursag Sulcus 9.7S 233.1W 750.0 1985 Sumerian mountain where winds dwell.
Kishar Sulcus 6.4S 216.6W 1,187.0 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; terrestrial-world home of Lakhmu and Lakhamu.
Lagash Sulcus 10.9S 163.2W 1,575.0 1985 Early Babylonian town.
Larsa Sulcus 3.8N 248.7W 1,000.0 2000 Sumerian town.
Mashu Sulcus 29.8N 205.7W 2,960.0 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; mountain with twin peaks where sun rose and set.
Mysia Sulci 7.0S 7.9W 5,066.0 1979 Greek; where Ganymede was abducted by an eagle.
Nineveh Sulcus 23.5N 53.1W 1,700.0 1997 City where Ishtar was worshipped.
Nippur Sulcus 36.9N 185.0W 1,425.0 1985 Sumerian city.
Nun Sulci 49.5N 316.4W 1,500.0 1979 Egyptian; chaos; primordial ocean; held germ of all things.
Philae Sulcus 65.5N 169.0W 900.0 1997 Temple that was the chief sanctuary of Isis.
Philus Sulcus 44.1N 209.5W 465.0 1979 Greek; where Ganymede and Hebe were worshipped as rain-givers.
Phrygia Sulcus 12.4N 23.5W 3,700.0 1979 Greek; kingdom in Asia Minor where Ganymede was born.
Shuruppak Sulcus 19.3S 232.2W 2,800.0 2000 Assyro-Babylonian town on the banks of the Euphrates River where the gods planned the great flood.
Sicyon Sulcus 32.7N 18.5W 2,125.0 1979 Greek; where Ganymede and Hebe were worshipped as rain-givers.
Sippar Sulcus 15.4S 189.3W 1,508.0 1985 Ancient Babylonian town.
Tiamat Sulcus 3.4N 208.5W 1,330.0 1979 Assyro-Babylonian; tumultuous sea from which everything was generated.
Umma Sulcus 4.1N 250.0W 1,270.0 2000 Sumerian town.
Ur Sulcus 49.8N 177.5W 1,145.0 1985 Ancient Sumerian seat of moon worship.
Uruk Sulcus 0.8N 160.3W 2,200.0 1979 Babylonian city ruled by Gilgamesh.
Xibalba Sulcus 43.8N 71.1W 2,200.0 1997 Mayan "place of fright"; destination of those who escaped violent death.

See also[edit]