needs additional citations for verification
( June 2015)
This is a
list of named geological features on . Official names for these features have only been announced very recently, as Titan's surface was virtually unknown before the arrival of the Saturn's moon Titan probe. Cassini–Huygens Some features were known by informal nicknames beforehand; these names are noted where appropriate.
Global map of Titan – with IAU labels (August 2016).
Titan − the surface under the haze (December 2018)
Albedo features [ edit ]
Titan – infrared views (2004–2017)
Albedo features on Titan are named after sacred or enchanted places in world mythologies and literature.
Bright albedo features [ edit ]
Dark albedo features [ edit ]
arcūs (arc-shaped features) are named after deities of happiness.
Colles are small hills or knobs which are named after characters in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth.
Craters [ edit ]
Craters on Titan are named after deities of wisdom.
Faculae [ edit ]
Faculae (bright spots) are named after islands on Earth that are not politically independent. Groups of faculae are named after archipelagos on Earth.
11°00′S 187°00′W / 11.0°S 187.0°W
Antillia, mythical Atlantic archipelago
11°36′N 16°06′W / 11.6°N 16.1°W
Bazaruto, Mozambique island
11°06′S 29°12′W / 11.1°S 29.2°W
Coats Island, Canada
9°24′N 150°06′W / 9.4°N 150.1°W
Crete, Greek island
10°48′S 1°12′W / 10.8°S 1.2°W
Elba, Italian island
5°24′S 151°00′W / 5.4°S 151.0°W
Kerguelen Islands, French subantarctic island
6°36′S 174°12′W / 6.6°S 174.2°W
Mindanao, Philippine island 'Ireland'
2°00′N 159°00′W / 2.0°N 159.0°W
Nicobar Islands, Indian archipelago
5°00′N 166°42′W / 5.0°N 166.7°W
Oahu, Hawaiian island
2°24′N 145°36′W / 2.4°N 145.6°W
Santorini, Greek island
10°24′S 164°06′W / 10.4°S 164.1°W
Shikoku, Japanese island 'Great Britain'
12°30′S 39°48′W / 12.5°S 39.8°W
Sotra, Norwegian island 'The Rose'
11°30′S 182°36′W / 11.5°S 182.6°W
Texel, Dutch island 'Manhattan'
8°48′N 143°06′W / 8.8°N 143.1°W
Tortola, British Virgin Islands 'The Snail'
7°00′N 138°24′W / 7.0°N 138.4°W
Vis, Croatian island
Fluctūs [ edit ]
The term "
fluctus" refers to flow terrain. Fluctūs on Titan are named after mythological figures associated with beauty.
Flumina [ edit ]
A flumen is a feature that looks like a channel carved by liquid. They are named after mythical or imaginary rivers.
A fretum is a strait of liquid connecting two larger areas of liquids. They are named after characters from the
Foundation series of science fiction novels by Isaac Asimov.
Insulae [ edit ]
Insulae are islands within Titan's 'seas'. They are named after legendary islands.
67°06′N 317°06′W / 67.1°N 317.1°W Kraken Mare
Bermoothes, an enchanted island in Shakespeare's Tempest
73°18′N 305°24′W / 73.3°N 305.4°W Kraken Mare
Bimini, island in Arawak legend said to contain the fountain of youth.
76°12′N 251°30′W / 76.2°N 251.5°W Ligeia Mare
Baralku, in Yolngu culture, the island of the dead and the place where the Djanggawul, the three creator siblings, originated.
77°18′N 245°06′W / 77.3°N 245.1°W Ligeia Mare
Buyan, a rocky island in Russian folk tales located on the south shore of Baltic Sea
67°00′N 320°18′W / 67°N 320.3°W Kraken Mare
Hufaidh, legendary island in the marshes of southern Iraq
69°06′N 302°24′W / 69.1°N 302.4°W Kraken Mare
Crocylea, mythological Greek island in the Ionian Sea, near Ithaca
79°06′N 312°12′W / 79.1°N 312.2°W Kraken Mare
Mayda, legendary island in the northeast Atlantic
72°12′N 308°42′W / 72.2°N 308.7°W Kraken Mare
Penglai, mythological Chinese mountain island where immortals and gods lived.
77°30′N 251°18′W / 77.5°N 251.3°W Ligeia Mare
Symplegades, the "clashing rocks" in Bosphorus, which only Argo was said to have successfully passed the rocks.
38°18′N 297°12′W / 38.3°N 297.2°W Kraken Mare
Royllo, legendary island in the Atlantic, on verge of unknown, near Antilla and Saint Brandan.
Labyrinthi [ edit ]
Labyrinthi (complexes of intersecting valleys or ridges ) on Titan are named after  planets from the fictional created by Dune universe Frank Herbert. 
Lacunae [ edit ]
Lacunae are dark areas with the appearance of dry lake beds, which are named after
intermittent lakes on Earth.
(plural form of  lacus used in Titan geological nomenclature) are hydrocarbon lakes.
Large ringed features [ edit ]
Large ring features are named after deities of wisdom in world mythology.
Maculae [ edit ]
maculae (dark spots) are named after deities of happiness, peace, and harmony in world mythology.
Maria (plural of mare) are hydrocarbon seas.
Mountains are named after
mountains from the fictional Middle-Earth created by J.R.R. Tolkien.
Planitiae [ edit ]
Planitiae (low plains) on Titan are named after planets from the fictional created by Dune universe Frank Herbert. 
Regiones [ edit ]
Regiones (regions distinctly different from their surroundings) are named after deities of peace and happiness.
Sinus (bays) within seas or lakes are named after terrestrial bays, coves, fjords or inlets.
[note 1] Source of name
72°36′N 322°00′W / 72.6°N 322°W Kraken Mare
Arnar, fjord in Iceland
64°54′N 295°18′W / 64.9°N 295.3°W Kraken Mare
Flensburg Firth, fjord between Denmark and Germany
67°36′N 289°36′W / 67.6°N 289.6°W Kraken Mare
Gabes, or Syrtis minor, a bay in Tunisia
72°36′N 322°00′W / 72.6°N 322°W Kraken Mare
Bay in India
76°36′N 281°24′W / 76.6°N 281.4°W Kraken Mare
Moray Firth in Scotland
74°48′N 251°12′W / 74.8°N 251.2°W Ligeia Mare
Gulf of Nicoya in Costa Rica
73°42′N 282°00′W / 73.7°N 282°W Kraken Mare
Okahu Bay near Auckland, New Zealand
77°12′N 224°48′W / 77.2°N 224.8°W Ligeia Mare
Patos, fjord in Chile
82°24′N 241°06′W / 82.4°N 241.1°W Ligeia Mare
Puget Sound in Washington, United States
75°18′N 232°54′W / 75.3°N 232.9°W Ligeia Mare
Rombaken, fjord in Norway
76°48′N 314°54′W / 76.8°N 314.9°W Kraken Mare
Skelton Glacier near Ross Sea, Antarctica
71°18′N 292°42′W / 71.3°N 292.7°W Kraken Mare
Trold Fiord Formation in Nunavut, Canada
79°12′N 299°48′W / 79.2°N 299.8°W Kraken Mare
Tunu, fjord in Greenland
80°42′N 270°00′W / 80.7°N 270°W Ligeia Mare
Wakasa Bay in Japan
58°12′N 324°06′W / 58.2°N 324.1°W Kraken Mare
Walvis Bay in Namibia
Terrae are extensive landmasses. As with the albedo features, they are named after sacred and enchanted locations from cultures across the world.
dune fields. On Titan they are named after Greek deities of wind.
Virgae (streaks of colour) are named after rain gods in world mythologies.
Informal names for unnamed features [ edit ]
Because the exact nature of many surface features remain mysterious, a number of features have not yet received formal names and are known by nicknames. In most cases, indications of brightness and darkness refer not to visible light, but to the
infrared images used to look through Titan's obscuring haze. Cassini has also begun to map portions of Titan using radar.
See also [ edit ]
^ The USGS web site gives size as a "diameter", but it is actually the length in the longest dimension.
References [ edit ]
^ a b
"Titan Features". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ a b c d e f g
"Titan Colles". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . June 26, 2015
Greeley, Ronald (2013). Introduction to Planetary Geomorphology. Cambridge University Press. p. 32. ISBN . 978-0-521-86711-5
^ a b
Blue, Jennifer (August 4, 2009). "Hot Topics: New Name, Descriptor Term, and Theme Approved for Use on Titan". USGS Astrogeology . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
"Titan Labyrinthi". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Ecaz Labyrinthus". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. October 8, 2014 . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Kaitain Labyrinthus". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. October 8, 2014 . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Richese Labyrinthus". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. October 8, 2014 . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Sikun Labyrinthus". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. January 6, 2010 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
"Tupile Labyrinthus". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature.
"Titan Lacunae". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . June 26, 2015
"Titan Mons, Montes". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . October 27, 2015
"Titan Planitiae". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Arrakis Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. April 5, 2010 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
"Caladan Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. October 8, 2014 . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Chusuk Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. August 4, 2009 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
"Hagal Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature.
"Poritrin Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. October 8, 2014 . Retrieved . January 3, 2015
"Romo Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature.
"Chusuk Planitia". USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature.
External links [ edit ]