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Lohar or Lohara or Panchal or BlackSmith also called iron workers are social group of people in india. They are mainly associated with work as blacksmiths.

Blacksmiths, Hindoos, Lahore (NYPL b13409080-1125469).jpg
Regions with significant populations
• India • Nepal

The term lohar was mainly originated for blacksmith, weapon caster associated with hindus, Muslims and sikhs. Tarkhan and Lohar are the same castes there are no differences between them. In fact in the family one brother is Tarkhan and one brother is Lohar and also matrimonial relationship between these two castes are never considered as intercaste and is quite common. [1] Lohar are now considered to be a Scheduled caste in many states of India[2]in Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh[3] and in Nepal.[4][5] They form part of a loose grouping of traditionally artisanal castes known as Panchals.[6] Regional synonyms include Vishwakarma and Saifi. Writers of the Raj period often used the term Lohar as a synonym for blacksmith, although there are other traditional smithing communities, such as the Ramgarhia and Sikligars. There are various Gotra in hindu Lohar Caste which are given below :-

  1. Tanwar
  2. Chauhan
  3. Solanki
  4. Karheda
  5. Boond
  6. Dangi
  7. Patwa
  8. Jaspal
  9. Tawda
  10. Dharaa

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Tarkhan and Lohar are two castes in Himachal Pradesh.Sikh Lohar are known as Tarkhan.While the Lohar cast has been included in the Scheduled Castes List in the Scheduled Castes Order, 1950, the Tarkhan caste has been kept in the OBC List of the State . In fact, the two castes are one and the same for all social and matrimonial purposes.

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

The Lohar are one of the most widespread communities considered as scheduled caste in Uttar Pradesh.[7] They are divided along religious lines, with the Hindu Lohar known as Vishwakarmas and Muslim Lohars known as Saifis. They are further divided into a number of exogamous groupings, the main ones being the Kanaujiya, Purbia, Bahai, Moulia and Magajia. Most Lohar are still engaged in their traditional occupation of metal fabrication, although the majority of those in western Uttar Pradesh are cultivators. The assimilated Lohar speak Hindi and its various dialects such as Awadhi;[citation needed] other speak the Ho language.[8] they are also knows as purbiyas and ujjainiya rajput in up bihar rajsthan madhya pradesh.etc[9][circular reference]They are categories in Shudra lowest of the fourth varn


The Lohar in Jharkhand are locally known as Lohra or Lohara. They speak regional language such as Nagpuri, Khortha and Kurmali.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ तरखान जाति को मिले एससी का दर्जा, केंद्र से उठाएंगे मामला, तरखान जाति (27 August 2016). "Tarkhan also proposed to be considered as scheduled caste on the basis of Lohar caste". Dainik bhaskar.
  2. ^ https://www.bhaskar.com/amp/news/BIH-PAT-HMU-blacksmith-caste-st-status-in-the-state-news-hindi-5424564-NOR.html
  3. ^ http://socialjustice.nic.in/UserView/PrintUserView?mid=76750 in hp state lohar is in sc caste sr no.36
  4. ^ Bhattachan included the Lohar among the Madhesi Dalit in his report on minorities in Nepal,listing some 82,000.Bhattachan, Krishna B. (2008). Indigenous Peoples & Minorities of Nepal. Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN). p. 49. Archived from the original on 12 March 2013.
  5. ^ In Annex I, Bhattarai lists the Lohar as iron-workers under the Madhesi as 0.36% of the Nepalese population. Bhattarai, Hari Prasad (2004). "Cultural Diversity and Pluralism in Nepal: Emerging Issues and the Search for a New Paradigm" (PDF). Contributions to Nepalese Studies. 31 (2): 293–340, page 339. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2011.
  6. ^ Perez, Rosa Maria (2004). Kings and Untouchables: A Study of the Caste System in Western India. Orient Blackswan. p. 80. ISBN 978-8-18028-014-6.
  7. ^ https://www.livehindustan.com/bihar/muzaffarpur/story-blacksmith-still-in-the-list-of-obc-2380179.html
  8. ^ "Ho". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  9. ^ Purbiyas (soldiers)
  10. ^ "1 Paper for 3 rd SCONLI 2008 (JNU, New Delhi) Comparative study of Nagpuri Spoken by Chik-Baraik & Oraon's of Jharkhand Sunil Baraik Senior Research Fellow". slideplayer.com.

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