Lohar

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Lohar
Blacksmiths, Hindoos, Lahore (NYPL b13409080-1125469).jpg
Regions with significant populations
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan

The Lohar (Blacksmith) is a social group in India, Nepal and Pakistan, America and Europe.[1][2] They form part of a loose grouping of traditionally artisanal castes known as Panchals.[3]

Lohars worship Lord Vishwakarma and other Hindu gods and claim to be Vishwakarma's descendants.[citation needed] Lohar caste is included in OBC in different parts of India. Regional synonyms include Vishwakarma and Saifi/Tarkhan (for Muslims).

Names[edit]

Lohar are known by varied surnames in different regions.

  • Jammu and Punjab : Verma, Tarkhan, Lohar, Mistri
  • Delhi: Lohar, [SAIFI], Panchal
  • Haryana :Dalwal, Tanwar, Panwar, Solanki, Chauhan, Dangi, Karhera, Dharra, Bhavra, Siwal, Lohar, Panchal, Bhardwaj, pitlehra
  • karnataka : kammara, Achari, kambar
  • Kerala : Achari, Vishwakarma, Ashari, Panjal
  • Maharashtra: Suryavanshi, Kale, Dharankar, Chavhan, Pawar, Panhalkar, Yande, Borkar, Ghotekar, Manekar, Dhuratkar, Nagare, Thorat, Ingle, Dangre, Upankar, Mane, Ighe, Lohar, Koshe, Waghodekar, Kumbare, Panvalkar, Dhole, Pakhale. In Konkan Area Shemadkar, Katalkar, Gulekar, Shirvankar, Ghadi, Masurkar, Chaphekar, Masurkar, Pomendkar,
  • Gujarat: Panchal,Makwana, Pitroda, Chitroda, Parmar, Pithva, Suthar, Mistry, Gohil.
  • Nepal: Biswakarma/Kami
  • Orissa : Moharana, Mohapatra, Sutar, Sahu, Parida
  • Punjab: Saifi/Tarkhan
  • Rajasthan: Lohar, Mistri, Panchal, Suthar
  • Tamil Nadu: Vishvabrahmins, Kamaalar, Aachari or Aasaari

Notables[edit]

States[edit]

Gujarat[edit]

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Tarkhan and Lohar are two castes in Himachal Pradesh. Sikh Lohar are known as Tarkhan. While the Lohar caste has been included in the SC, the Tarkhan caste has been kept on the OBC List. The two castes are the same for all social and matrimonial purposes.

Bihar[edit]

Jharkhand[edit]

The Lohar in Jharkhand are locally known as Lohra or Lohara. They speak regional languages such as Nagpuri, Khortha and Kurmali.[5]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

The Lohar of Madhya Pradesh are also called Panchal (five sub-castes) since Lohar is one of the five sub-castes of Vishwakarma.

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

The Lohar are one of the most widespread OBC communities in Uttar Pradesh.[6] They are divided along religious lines, with the Hindu Lohar known as Vishwakarmas and Muslim Lohars known as Saifis. They are further divided into exogamous groupings, notably the Sharma and Vishwakarma. Most Lohar engage in their traditional occupation of metal fabrication, although the majority of those in western Uttar Pradesh are cultivators. The assimilated Lohar speak Hindi and its various dialects such as Awadhi;[citation needed] others speak Ho.[7] They consider themselves as Vishwabrahmins.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lohar (MUSLIM LOHAR IS SAIFI), Sharma. "In bihar vaishali lohar sharma committee organised by members of lohar sharma community". Jagran.com.
  2. ^ "लोहार वंश | भारतकोश". Bharatdiscovery.org.
  3. ^ Perez, Rosa Maria (2004). Kings and Untouchables: A Study of the Caste System in Western India. Orient Blackswan. p. 80. ISBN 978-8-18028-014-6.
  4. ^ "State/Union Territory-wise list of Scheduled Tribes in India" (PDF). Tribal.nic.in. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  5. ^ "1 Paper for 3 rd SCONLI 2008 (JNU, New Delhi) Comparative study of Nagpuri Spoken by Chik-Baraik & Oraon's of Jharkhand Sunil Baraik Senior Research Fellow". Slideplayer.com.
  6. ^ "केंद्र में लोहार अभी भी ओबीसी की सूची में". Livehindustan.com.
  7. ^ "Ho". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 2 May 2013.

External links[edit]