Marquess of Reading
|Marquessate of Reading|
Arms: Sable, a Bend between two Leopard’s Faces Or, on a Chief Argent, a Fasces fesswise proper. Crest: In front of a Leopard’s Head couped Sable, a Fasces fesswise proper. Supporters: On either side a Leopard proper, gorged with a Collar Or, pendent therefrom an Escutcheon Argent, charged with a Human Head affrontée proper, erased at the neck and ducally crowned Or.
|Creation date||7 May 1926|
|First holder||Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading|
|Present holder||Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading|
|Heir apparent||Julian Isaacs, Viscount Erleigh|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Reading
|Former seat(s)||Jaynes Court|
|Armorial motto||AUT NUNQUAM TENTES AUT PERFICE
(Either succeed or do not try)
Marquess of Reading is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1926 for Rufus Isaacs, 1st Earl of Reading, the former Viceroy of India and Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. He had already been created Baron Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1914, Viscount Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1916, and Viscount Erleigh, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, and Earl of Reading, in 1917.
The marquessate of Reading is the highest title in the British peerage ever attained by a Jew, and is the most recently created extant marquessate in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (that of Willingdon was created in 1936 but became extinct in 1979). In this role, the marquessate of Reading is currently the junior-most marquessate in the Order of precedence in England and Wales.
Upon the death of the 1st Marquess of Reading, he was succeeded by his son, the second Marquess. He notably held ministerial office from 1951 to 1957 in the Conservative administrations of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden. As of 2013[update] the titles are held by his grandson, the fourth Marquess, who succeeded his father in 1980.
In May 1804, the title of Baron Reading was offered to the outgoing Prime Minister, Henry Addington, who had many links with the largely pre-industrialised town, as a subsidiary title of the customary retirement earldom for Prime Ministers. However, Addington refused the honour, though later accepting a peerage as Viscount Sidmouth.
Marquesses of Reading (1926)
- Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading, 1st Earl of Reading, 1st Viscount Reading, 1st Viscount Erleigh, 1st Baron Reading (1860–1935)
- Gerald Rufus Isaacs, 2nd Marquess of Reading, 2nd Earl of Reading, 2nd Viscount Reading, 2nd Viscount Erleigh, 2nd Baron Reading (1889–1960)
- Michael Alfred Rufus Isaacs, 3rd Marquess of Reading, 3rd Earl of Reading, 3rd Viscount Reading, 3rd Viscount Erleigh, 3rd Baron Reading (1916–1980)
- Simon Charles Henry Rufus Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, 4th Earl of Reading, 4th Viscount Reading, 4th Viscount Erleigh, 4th Baron Reading (b. 1942)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Julian Michael Rufus Isaacs, Viscount Erleigh (b. 1986).
This article does not cite any sources. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Lord Reading Yacht Club
- Lord Reading Law Society
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Simon Charles Henry Rufus Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading