Luna Park, Melbourne

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Melbourne's Luna Park
Slogan Just For Fun
Location St. Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Coordinates 37°52′05″S 144°58′35″E / 37.868036°S 144.976369°E / -37.868036; 144.976369Coordinates: 37°52′05″S 144°58′35″E / 37.868036°S 144.976369°E / -37.868036; 144.976369
Owner Linfox, Virtual Communities, and Liberty Petrol
Opened December 13, 1912 (1912-12-13)[1]
Operating season All year round
Total 20
Roller coasters 2

Melbourne's Luna Park is a historic amusement park located on the foreshore of Port Phillip Bay in St Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria. It opened on 13 December 1912, with a formal opening a week later, and has been operating almost continuously ever since.[2][3][4]


This was the first of the five Luna Parks that were built in Australia, of which only Melbourne and Luna Park Sydney are still operating. The other three, now defunct, Luna Parks were at:

It opened in 1912, on the 13th of December, and took 2 years to build. The St Kilda park was developed by American showman J D Williams,[5] in company with the three Phillips brothers (reputedly from Seattle), who had all had experience in the amusement and cinema industry in the US. Williams returned to the US in 1913 to help found First National Films which subsequently became Warner Brothers. The Phillips brothers stayed on and ran the park until their deaths in the 1950s. Mr. T. H. Elswick, designed 'Luna Park', in Melbourne.[6] An artist named Churchill designed the big mouth at the entrance, and another artist, George Coulter, designed the interior.[1]

In the years before World War I, the park was a great success, with attractions such as the Scenic Railway, Palais de Folies (later Giggle Palace), River Caves of the World, Penny Arcade, a Whitney Bros 'while-u-wait' photo booth, the American Bowl Slide, as well as live performances in the Palace of Illusions and on a permanent high-wire. Closed for the war, it did not re-open until an extensive overhaul in 1923 added new and improved attractions, such as the Big Dipper roller coaster, a Water Chute, a Noah's Ark, and a 4-row Carousel made in 1913 by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company.

Between the wars, a number of new attractions were made, including Dodgem cars in 1926-7, and in 1934, a Ghost Train. In the 1950s, the park was refurbished, including the addition of The Rotor in 1951. The park remained popular throughout the 1950s, 1960s and into the late 1970s, when some of the earlier attractions began to be replaced by modern mechanical rides. A fire in 1981 destroyed the Giggle Palace, and in the same year the River Caves were declared unsafe, and demolished.[7] In 1989, the Big Dipper was demolished in anticipation of a new large roller coaster which never eventuated. The ride was also demolished due to safety concerns with its age, following a major derailment, that injured 20 people, on the older rollercoaster, the Scenic Railway.

The main historic features of the park to remain include the iconic "Mr Moon" face entry and flanking towers (1912, restored 1999), the Scenic Railway (1912), which is the oldest continuously operating roller coaster in the world, and the carousel (1913 restored 2000). Other historic attractions include the Ghost Train (1934), and the fairytale castle-style Dodgem's Building constructed to house the newly patented ride in 1927 (the ride itself was relocated from the first floor of this building to the ground level in the late 1990s).

The park also includes many modern attractions such as the Crazy Coaster roller-coaster, the Spider, a Ferris wheel, and other mechanical thrill-rides. The park remains popular with children and their parents who have fond memories of the park from their youth.

A consortium headed by Melbourne transport magnate Lindsay Fox bought Luna Park in early 2005, pledging to restore it to the glory he remembers from his 1940s youth, spent in nearby Windsor. Since the multimillion-dollar purchase, there has been no major overhaul, but the Scenic Railway Station was given a facelift, in 2010 the Coney Island Top Drop (a replica of Coney Tower at Coney Island's Luna Park) was purchased directly from Zamperla, and a major section of the Scenic Railway underwent major repairs between December 2007 and June 2008.

The park's triangular beachfront site is on government land, bounded by the O'Donnell Gardens on one side and Cavell Street on the other. Across this street is a larger triangle of foreshore crown land known as the 'Triangle Site', occupied by the grand 1920s Palais Theatre, the 1970s Palace nightclub (burned down in 2007), and carparking. The City of Port Phillip in consultation with the Victorian State Government ran a tender process in 2007 to restore the Palais Theatre and redevelop the remainder of the site. Lindsay Fox was part of a consortium that submitted a proposal which was unsuccessful.

Luna Park as a whole is listed by the Victorian Heritage Register, and the main heritage features are listed on the National Trust of Australia.

On 13 December 2012, the theme park celebrated its centenary.[8] In August 2013, it was announced that a new permanent thrill ride will be installed in the coming months. The ride will replace the G-Force and possibly also the space previously occupied by the Metropolis ride.

Current rides[edit]

The Scenic Railway, is the world's oldest continually-operating rollercoaster.
  • Roller coasters
    • Silly Serpent
    • Scenic Railway – opened in December 1912, the Scenic Railway is the oldest continually operating roller coaster in the world, and one of only three roller coasters (the others being in Great Yarmouth, UK, and Copenhagen, Denmark) that require a brakeman to stand in the middle of the train.[4] For these reasons, it is regarded as an ACE Coaster Classic.[9]
  • Other rides
    • Sky Rider ferris wheel built 1971
    • Twin Dragon – a Japanese-built Pirate ship type ride
    • Red Baron built 2001
    • The Ghost Train - a ghost train which retains its 1936 tracks.
    • Holodeck - a Motion Simulator ride.
    • Amazing Mirror Maze
    • Street Legal Dodgems built 2000 - a Dodgem cars pavilion
    • The Enterprise built 1979 - popular HUSS Enterprise ride
    • Coney Drop built 2010, by Zamperla. The exact same ride is also installed at Luna Park, Coney Island, under the name Coney Tower.
    • Arabian Merry
    • Magical Carousel - a heritage Carousel built in 1913 by the renowned Philadelphia Toboggan Company in the United States. This is one of the few examples of their work outside the USA and as with the Scenic Railway of heritage value to the culture of theme parks in the United States as well as in Australia
    • Spider built 1977
    • Pharaoh's Curse - a Japanese made Kamikaze-style double-arm ranger (Scissors)
    • The Power Surge [10]
  • Seasonal rides
    • Circus of Screams - Returned for winter 2013 after several years.
    • Luna Freeze

Past attractions[edit]

  • Giggle Palace (Palais de Folies) (1912-1982),[8] (destroyed by fire)
  • River Caves (1912-c.1981, demolished)
  • Jack'n'Jill (Water Chute) (1928-c.1970, demolished)
  • Noah's Ark (1923-c.1978, demolished)
  • Big Dipper (Rollercoaster) (1923-1989, demolished)[11]
  • Whip (1923-c.1981 demolished)
  • Rotor (1951-1977, demolished)
  • UFO (1977-1981)
  • Hurricane (1982-1986)
  • Gravitron (1984-2001)
  • Zipper (1989-1991)
  • Ranger (1991-1993)
  • Scat (1978-1984, 1993-2001)
  • Here Comes Haley Holloway! (1988-1999)
  • Prison Break: Live! (Temporary Attraction)
  • Lara Croft - Tomb Raider Anniversary: Live! (Temporary Attraction)
  • Shock Drop (2001-2010) - Was replaced by the more advanced Coney Island Drop.
  • Metropolis (Rollercoaster) (1990-2012, dismantled)
  • G-Force (1986-2013)

Photo gallery[edit]


  1. ^ a b "OH BOY! LUNA PARK IN 1912". The Argus (Melbourne) (33,506). Victoria, Australia. 23 January 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 13 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  2. ^ "LUNA-PARK.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957). Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 14 December 1912. p. 19. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  3. ^ NFSA. "The Opening of Luna Park Melbourne". YouTube. 
  4. ^ a b "Luna Park, St Kilda.". Malvern Standard. 9, (507). Victoria, Australia. 21 December 1912. p. 3. Retrieved 18 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ Frederick Ingersoll is most closely associated with Luna Parks around the world, and though is said to have worked on plans for a park in Australia, did not in fact build the Melbourne example.Luna Park - Just for Fun, Sam Marshall, Luna Park Sydney P / L, 2005,
  6. ^ "Huge Amusement Enterprise.". The Richmond River Express And Casino Kyogle Advertiser. New South Wales, Australia. 15 April 1913. p. 3. Retrieved 13 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "Luna Park - Face & Scenic Railway in the National Trust Database"
  8. ^ a b Centenary celebrations for Melbourne's Luna Park. ABC News. 13 December 2012.
  9. ^ ACE Coaster Classic Awards
  10. ^[dead link]
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 March 2007. 

External links[edit]

Phillips brothers biography