Luo Gan

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Luo.
Luo Gan
罗干
5th Secretary of CPC Central Political and Legislative Committee
In office
1998–2007
General Secretary Jiang Zemin
Hu Jintao
Preceded by Ren Jianxin
Succeeded by Zhou Yongkang
Member of the 16th CPC Politburo Standing Committee
In office
15 November 2002 – 22 October 2007
General Secretary Hu Jintao
Personal details
Born July 1935
Shandong
Nationality Chinese
Political party Communist Party of China
Luo Gan
Traditional Chinese 羅幹
Simplified Chinese 罗干

Luo Gan (simplified Chinese: 罗干; traditional Chinese: 羅干) is a retired Chinese politician, born in July 1935. Between 2002 and 2007, Luo was one of China's most important leaders, serving as a member of the nine-man Politburo Standing Committee, and as the Secretary of Central Political and Legislative Committee (Zhengfawei), which emerged to become one of the most powerful positions in China. In his Zhengfawei role, Luo held oversight for many law-enforcement institutions. Luo retired from politics in 2007.

Biography[edit]

Luo Gan studied engineering at the Beijing Steel and Iron Institute. Luo joined the Communist Party of China in 1960.

Afterwards, he moved to East Germany and spent eight years as a student at Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg as well as working in steel plants. Upon returning to China, Luo continued to work in the steel industry and became party chief of the central Henan Province in the 1980s.

Luo has developed a close relationship with Li Peng and is considered his protégé. He was appointed as the Minister of Labor from April to December in 1988.[1]

Luo was appointed a state councillor in 1993 (served until 2003), and became a member of the Politburo in 1998. Serving as the security chief, he implemented the "strike hard" anti-crime campaign, which blamed to have led to increased executions, and is said to have personally directed the suppression of illegal organisations and protests such as that at the Pubugou Dam protest in 2004.

Luo was instrumental in the persecution of Falun Gong. Courts in Spain and Argentina indicted Luo and other officials on the charge of torture and genocide and asked for their arrest in late 2009.[2][3] Ethan Gutmann interviewed over 100 witnesses and estimated that 65,000 Falun Gong practitioners were killed for their organs from 2000 to 2008.[4][5]

As the oldest member of the Politburo Standing Committee, he retired after the CPC's 17th Party Congress in the fall of 2007.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Profile of Luo Gan, Xinhua.
  2. ^ La Audiencia pide interrogar al ex presidente chino Jiang por genocidio, 14 November 2009
  3. ^ Luis Andres Henao (22 December 2009) "Argentine judge asks China arrests over Falun Gong", Reuters
  4. ^ Jay Nordlinger (25 August 2014) "Face The Slaughter: The Slaughter: Mass Killings, Organ Harvesting, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem, by Ethan Gutmann", National Review
  5. ^ Ethan Gutmann (August 2014) The Slaughter: Mass Killings, Organ Harvesting and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem "Average number of Falun Gong in Laogai System at any given time" Low estimate 450,000, High estimate 1,000,000 p 320. "Best estimate of Falun Gong harvested 2000 to 2008" 65,000 p 322. amazon.com

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Minister of Labor of the People's Republic of China
1988
Succeeded by
Ruan Chongwu
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ren Jianxin
Secretary of CPC Central Political and Legislative Committee
1998 – 2007
Succeeded by
Zhou Yongkang
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Li Changchun
Propaganda Chairman
9th Rank of the Communist Party of China
16th Politburo Standing Committee
Succeeded by
none