Luxembourgers

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Luxembourgers
Total population
c. 730,000
Regions with significant populations
 Luxembourg     ~575,000[1]
 France 45,000[2]
 United States 40,658[3][4]
 Belgium 30,000[2]
 Brazil 25,000 - 80,000[5]
 Germany 15,596[6]
 Canada 3,790[7]
Languages
Luxembourgish, French, Standard German
Religion
Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestants)
Related ethnic groups
Germans, French, Walloons, Belgians, Alsatians

Luxembourgers are a Germanic ethnic group native to Luxembourg sharing the culture of Luxembourg and being of Luxembourgish descent.[8][9][10][8] Legally, Luxembourgers are citizens of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The corresponding adjective is "Luxembourgish".[11][12]

Location[edit]

Most ethnic Luxembourgers live in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, a small country in Europe between Germany, France, and Belgium, and are of Celtic/Gallo-Roman and Germanic (Frankish) origin. Most speak Luxembourgish, as their native language, in addition to French and German. (Although Luxembourgish might be considered to be similar to German, it is distinct enough to be considered a separate language and not merely a dialect of German.[citation needed]) Despite the rather small number of Luxembourgers, there is a relatively large diaspora, in Europe and elsewhere. Particularly, there are populations in the surrounding countries of Belgium, France, and Germany. For the most part, this is due to historic reasons, especially the three Partitions of Luxembourg, which led to former territories of Luxembourg being incorporated into each of the three surrounding countries.

There are also significant populations in the Americas, with the largest contingent being in the United States. However, many people of Luxembourgish descent live in Canada and Brazil, to which large waves of Luxembourgers emigrated in the nineteenth century, as did Germans at the same time.[5] Others migrated to Hungary along with Germans during the first phase of German eastward settlement in the 12th century. Transylvanian Saxons are the descendents of these settlers.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Population par sexe et par nationalité (x 1 000) 1981, 1991, 2001 - 2014". Le portail des statistiques. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Luxembourgish". Ethnologue. 2005. Retrieved 25 June 2007. 
  3. ^ "Total US population by ancestry". United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 25 June 2007. 
  4. ^ "Luxembourgers in America". Library of Congress. 12 January 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2007. 
  5. ^ a b Wey, Claude (2002). "L'émigration luxembourgeoise vers l'Argentine" (PDF) (in French). CDMH. Retrieved 25 June 2007. 
  6. ^ "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland (Stand: 31. Dezember 2014)". 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Cole (2011), p. 246
  9. ^ Minahan 2000, p. 769
  10. ^ Minahan 2000, p. 433
  11. ^ Oxford English Dictionary: Luxemburgisch, Luxembourgish; Oxford English Dictionary: Luxembourgeois
  12. ^ European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide: List of countries, territories and currencies

Sources[edit]