|Created by||Lee David Zlotoff|
|Narrated by||Richard Dean Anderson|
|Theme music composer||Randy Edelman|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||7|
|No. of episodes||139 + 2 TV films (list of episodes)|
|Running time||46–48 minutes|
|Distributor||CBS Television Distribution|
|Original release||September 29, 1985– May 21, 1992|
|Related shows||MacGyver (2016)|
MacGyver is an American action-adventure television series created by Lee David Zlotoff. Henry Winkler and John Rich were the executive producers. The show ran for seven seasons on ABC in the United States and various other networks abroad from 1985 to 1992. The series was filmed in Los Angeles during seasons one, two, and seven, and in Vancouver during seasons three through six. The show's final episode aired on April 25, 1992 on ABC (the network aired a previously unseen episode for the first time on May 21, 1992, but it was originally intended to air before the series finale).
The show follows secret agent Angus MacGyver, played by Richard Dean Anderson, who works as a troubleshooter for the fictional Phoenix Foundation in Los Angeles and as an agent for a fictional United States government agency, the Department of External Services (DXS). Educated as a scientist in Physics at Western Tech ("Hell Week"), MacGyver served in the U.S. Army as a Bomb Team Technician/EOD during the Vietnam War ("Countdown"). Resourceful and possessing an encyclopedic knowledge of the physical sciences, he solves complex problems by making things out of ordinary objects, along with his ever-present Swiss Army knife. He favors non-violent resolutions and prefers not to handle a gun.
The series was a moderate ratings success and gained a loyal following. It was popular in the United States and around the world. Two television movies, MacGyver: Lost Treasure of Atlantis and MacGyver: Trail to Doomsday, aired on ABC in 1994. A spin-off series, Young MacGyver, was planned in 2003, but only the pilot was made. Merchandise for MacGyver includes games, toys, print media and an original audio series.
The series revolved around MacGyver, whose main asset is his practical application of scientific knowledge and inventive use of common items—along with his ever-present Swiss Army knife and duct tape. The clever solutions MacGyver implemented to seemingly unsolvable problems—often in life-or-death situations requiring him to improvise complex devices in a matter of minutes—were a major attraction of the show, which was praised[by whom?] for generating interest in the applied sciences, particularly engineering,[dubious ] and for providing entertaining storylines. All of MacGyver's exploits on the show were ostensibly vetted by consulting scientists for the show's writers to ensure a basis on scientific principles (even though, the creators acknowledged, in real life one would have to be extraordinarily lucky for most of MacGyver's ideas to succeed). In the few cases where MacGyver used household chemicals to mix up poisons, explosives or other items deemed too dangerous to be accurately described to the public, details were altered or left vague or an essential component or step was omitted.
The show often dealt with social issues, though more so in seasons 4–7 than 1–3, which were mostly about MacGyver's adventures working for the United States government and later for the Phoenix Foundation.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||22||September 29, 1985||May 7, 1986|
|2||22||September 22, 1986||May 4, 1987|
|3||20||September 21, 1987||May 9, 1988|
|4||19||October 31, 1988||May 15, 1989|
|5||21||September 18, 1989||April 30, 1990|
|6||21||September 17, 1990||May 6, 1991|
|7||14||September 16, 1991||May 21, 1992|
|Lost Treasure of Atlantis||May 14, 1994|
|Trail to Doomsday||November 24, 1994|
Several episodes, including the pilot, begin with a cold open, finding MacGyver already on a mission. MacGyver often narrates a story from his childhood relating to his current situation. He resolves this situation quickly, and the main story commences after the opening credits. The credits refer to such an opening sequence as the "Opening Gambit"—it occurs far more commonly in earlier episodes than in later ones. This segment is often written and directed by a different team than the main story of the episode. After the credits, the main story plays out in standard three-act structure. In many episodes, the opening sequence occurs after the opening credits and often does not involve MacGyver on a mission but rather in a situation used for character development. In the same manner as the "Opening Gambit" sequences, these opening segments often do not directly relate to the main story.
- Richard Dean Anderson as Angus MacGyver, a secret agent who prefers not to carry or use a gun, due to a childhood accident with a revolver that resulted in the death of a friend. However, MacGyver is willing to use an acquired gun, its parts, or its bullets in non-standard ways, such as a substitute for a wrench. There are three exceptions when he uses a gun for its original intended purpose: in the pilot episode, MacGyver is seen firing an AK-47 on a mission in the opening gambit (7:51 into the episode); he holds two kidnappers at gunpoint in the opening scene of episode 10, season one; and, is seen using a gun in the TV movie Trail to Doomsday. He is often suspicious of militaristic attitudes within the government; he sees the Los Angeles-based Phoenix Foundation, his employer, as an alternative to more conventional (and violent) means of law enforcement.
- Dana Elcar as Pete Thornton, MacGyver's boss and best friend. He was an operative at the Department of External Services (DXS), which is where he is impressed by Mac's ingenuity while tracking down Murdoc (Michael Des Barres), an international assassin and master of disguise. When Thornton becomes director of operations at the Phoenix Foundation several years later, he brings MacGyver into the program. In addition to sending Mac out on various tasks for the foundation, Thornton is many times forced to bail MacGyver out of the trouble he gets into. Thornton has a son named Michael. Late in the show it is learned that Pete has glaucoma, an element written in because of Elcar developing glaucoma in real life. Dana Elcar is first cast in the pilot episode as Andy Colson, the Chief of Operations at the KIVA Laboratories.
- Bruce McGill as Jack Dalton, MacGyver's comical best friend. He is a soldier of fortune/bush pilot who periodically gets everyone into a heap of trouble with various get rich quick schemes that only MacGyver can get them out of. His left eye twitches when he's lying. Dalton often attempts to romance the women he is introduced to.
While creating the series MacGyver, John Rich was working on the sitcom Mr. Sunshine for ABC, which was short-lived and cancelled quickly. Henry Winkler had just finished off his eleven-year run on Happy Days and was looking for another project. Lee David Zlotoff was working as a producer for Remington Steele, which was airing on NBC. The three got together to form the basis for MacGyver and sold the idea to Paramount, and ABC became interested in the series.
The series was filmed in Southern California for its first two seasons and again in its final season. From seasons 3~6, it was filmed in various locations around Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. Los Angeles remained as the setting of the show for the entire duration. The move to Vancouver was due to the threat of the series being cancelled due to the high production cost. In seasons 1 and 2, MacGyver was portrayed living in a waterfront apartment in Venice Beach. In season 3, he moved onto a houseboat at an unspecified location, though implied still to be in Los Angeles (the actual shooting took place at Coal Harbor near downtown Vancouver).
When the series was in pre-production, Winkler and Rich were looking for a suitable actor for the lead. After Richard Dean Anderson's appearance in the American television series The Love Boat, Winkler got Anderson to audition for the part. According to Rich, every auditioning actor "hulked" his way through his audition. When Anderson eventually auditioned for the role, Winkler and Rich felt that he gave the character a human touch which the other actors could not. Both believed that Anderson would become one of the new "breakout" stars on American television.
Anderson is known for having done many of the stunts in the series, though in later seasons he reduced his participation because of accumulating injuries. He injured his back and required foot surgery because of accidents working as a stuntman.
After a slow start in its first season, MacGyver became a sleeper hit for ABC in its second season, during which it began a six-year run as the lead-in to ABC's Monday Night Football (the longest such run in history). During the show's fourth season, Richard Dean Anderson complained that ABC was not marketing the series enough. Saying that the series is "just another action show" for ABC, he further stated that ABC didn't give the series enough promotion.
MacGyver's seventh season was abbreviated. After the twelfth episode of the season aired on December 30, 1991, MacGyver disappeared from the ABC schedule and did not return until April 25, 1992 by which point the series had been cancelled. The finale aired that night, with a previously unaired episode following on May 21, 1992. When asked why the series was cancelled, Anderson replied: "The only reason it went off the air was that everybody was ready to move on. I was physically exhausted and had no life."
ABC replaced MacGyver with The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, a series based on George Lucas's film series and coproduced by Lucas and Steven Spielberg's production companies for Paramount Television. Unlike MacGyver, the Young Indiana Jones series failed to catch on and was cancelled after its only season. ABC and Paramount would attempt to find one more hit lead in for Monday Night Football with The Marshal in 1995, but the series was cancelled at the end of the NFL season and Paramount and ABC's longstanding relationship withered away as any Paramount-produced series that aired on ABC thereafter were either cancelled after a season (Philly, Blind Justice) or moved to another network (Sister, Sister; Clueless). (The two production companies, through ABC's succession of Touchstone Television and CBS' production arm's merger with Paramount Television, did eventually produce hit series later on; Numb3rs and Criminal Minds are two of these series.)
|Season||Episodes||First aired||Last aired||Time slot||Rank||Rating|
|1||22||September 29, 1985||May 7, 1986||Sunday at 8:00 P.M.||#47||14.6|
|2||22||September 22, 1986||May 4, 1987||Monday at 8:00 P.M.||#45||14.6|
|3||20||September 21, 1987||May 9, 1988||Sunday at 8:00 P.M.||#53||12.9|
|4||19||October 31, 1988||May 15, 1989||#46||13.5|
|5||21||September 18, 1989||April 30, 1990||Monday at 8:00 P.M.||not in the top 30|
|6||21||September 17, 1990||May 6, 1991||not in the top 50|
|7||14||September 16, 1991||May 21, 1992|
In 1994, the series was released in over 70 different worldwide markets. Because of popular demand, two TV-movies were created, both released in 1994. The first movie MacGyver: Lost Treasure of Atlantis premiered in the United States in May. The film was shot in England and Greece. The second movie was entitled MacGyver: Trail to Doomsday. Anderson served as executive producer for both films, which were filmed in Europe.
Syndication and home media releases
Re-runs of the series still air in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia. Alongside local syndication, reruns aired on the USA Network from 1990 to 1997, on WGN America from 1998 to 2002, on TV Land from January 2003 to 2006, on Spike for a brief time in 2005. It is currently aired on Cloo (2011–present) with marathon blocks shown on the weekends and on May 13, 2015, Esquire Network started airing reruns of the series. MeTV Network has acquired some rights to air the series as of December 2, 2015.
Paramount Home Entertainment has released all seven seasons of MacGyver on DVD in Regions 1, 2 and 4. On October 16, 2007, CBS DVD released MacGyver: The Complete Series, a special collectors' edition box set that features all 139 episodes of the series as well as the two TV movies that followed.
On June 15, 2010, Paramount released the two TV movies on DVD in Region 1 in a separate single-disc release entitled MacGyver – The TV Movies.
The character's ability to use everyday objects to perform extraordinary feats (sometimes called "MacGyvering") has been widely referenced and parodied. There have been a few comedic spin-offs of the show, such as Saturday Night Live's "MacGruber," which later was made into a full feature film named MacGruber, and a parody of the song "Hey There Delilah", which was given the name "Hey There MacGyver."
The series is referenced in episodes of The Simpsons, primarily detailing the obsession Marge Simpson's sisters (Patty and Selma) have with the show and their crush on the MacGyver character. The sisters' regular viewing of the show is an unalterable element of their daily schedule to the point of death as demonstrated in the episode "Black Widower". The episode featured a fictional scene of MacGyver where he downplays his role in saving a village ("Don't thank me. Thank the moon's gravitational pull"). In another episode, "A Star is Burns", Homer tricks Jay Sherman into insulting MacGyver in front of Patty and Selma; Sherman ends up being hung from the rain gutter by his underpants, and Bart asks "You badmouthed MacGyver, didn't you?" Anderson himself is an avid fan of The Simpsons, and even provided his voice for an episode of the show titled "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore", which first aired April 9, 2006, where Patty and Selma kidnap Richard Dean Anderson after he admits that he never liked doing MacGyver and only did the show for the money, but eventually gets a thrill out of escaping and annoys them by wanting to do it again and again.
In the first episode of Anderson's later show, Stargate SG-1, Amanda Tapping mentions that the Air Force had to "MacGyver" a Dial Home Device for the Stargate, and a split-second shot following this shows Anderson twitching an eyebrow. (However, this line was removed when this episode was re-released in 2009. ) There is a blooper reel where Tapping's character, who is trapped with Anderson's character on a glacier, begins ranting about how "we got belt buckles, shoelaces and a piece of gum. Build a nuclear reactor, for cryin' out loud! You used to be MacGyver, MacGadget, MacGimmick... now you're Mr. MacUseless... Dear God, I'm stuck on a glacier with MacGyver!" Later, various episodes establish that Jack O'Neill (Anderson's character) has an immense love of the cartoon series "The Simpsons".
In 2006, Anderson appeared in a MasterCard television commercial for Super Bowl XL. In it, he manages to cut the ropes binding him to a chair using a pine tree air freshener, uses an ordinary tube sock as the pulley for a zip-line, and somehow repairs and hot-wires a nonfunctional truck using a paper clip, ballpoint pen, rubber band, tweezers, nasal spray, and a turkey baster. In contrast to previous MasterCard commercials showing people making extravagant purchases to accomplish some mundane task, MacGyver is portrayed as escaping from some sort of deathtrap using less than $20 worth of common household items. The commercial ends by showing him purposefully buying an assortment of such things at a department store with his credit card (as a tongue-in-cheek explanation for how he seems to always have items he needs on hand no matter where he goes). Although the commercial implies that Anderson is portraying MacGyver, he is not identified.
In an August 2007 survey commissioned by the McCormick Tribune Foundation, Americans polled voted MacGyver as the favorite fictional hero they would want to have if they were ever caught in an emergency.
In 2007, the NBC sketch series Saturday Night Live featured a parody of MacGyver called "MacGruber" with Will Forte as the title character. The intros for these skits featured scenes from the MacGyver series. MacGruber and cohorts are always locked in a control room of some type with a bomb set to go off in 15–20 seconds. MacGruber has his co-stars hand him components to defuse the device, but something inevitably gets in the way (either situational, because MacGruber himself interferes, or because no one wants to touch what he has asked for) and the bomb detonates. In the March 7, 2009 installment of the "MacGruber" sketches, it was revealed that MacGyver is MacGruber's long-lost father. In 2010 the character was featured in its own R-rated spinoff movie, entitled MacGruber; the film was released by Rogue Pictures.
In February 2008, the science series MythBusters featured a MacGyver special which tested several of MacGyver's tactics. Of the seven tested only one (an ultralight plane can make a safe landing while gliding) was confirmed. In the final season's "Explosion Special" they busted filling a mail truck containing a bomb with wet concrete to contain the blast.
In 2008, the phrase "What would MacGyver do?" was used in a New Zealand television commercial for Gregg's "freestyle cooking" range of herbs and spices. The commercial featured the word MacGyver unfolding like a puzzle with a potato peeler and chopping knife opening out like the blades of a Swiss Army knife.
In 2016, the Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. episode "Emancipation" has Daisy Johnson telling Lincoln Campbell (twice) that he has to "MacGyver" the door of his holding room to escape.
"Weird Al" Yankovic has twice referenced the series in his songs – "Couch Potato" and "Handy" both mention MacGyver.
MacGyver employs his resourcefulness and his knowledge of chemistry, physics, technology, and sportsmanship to resolve what are often life-or-death crises. He creates inventions from simple items to solve these problems. These inventions became synonymous with the character and were called MacGyverisms by fans. MacGyver was unlike secret agents in other television series and films because, instead of relying on high-tech weapons and tools, he carried only a Swiss Army knife and duct tape but never a gun.
This also led to the verb, "to MacGyver". "MacGyverism" was first used by Joanne Remmings (played by Pamela Bowen) in the third episode of Season 2. When MacGyver introduces himself to her, she uses the term in a manner that suggests other people had used it before:
Oh I've heard about you! You're the guy who does the whatchamacallits, you know, MacGyverisms; turns one thing into another?
In an 1989 interview with Richard Dean Anderson, Arsenio Hall said that he had heard the word MacGyver used as a verb meaning "to do the impossible." Anderson then used it as an adjective meaning "impossible." Anderson stated that his show's producers had just missed out on getting the word "MacGyverism" entered into the Webster's Dictionary and that "we" intended to try to get it in the next update.
The show's writers based MacGyver's inventions on items they found on location, concepts from scientific advisers John Koivula and Jim Green, and real events. The show offered a monetary prize to people who sent good ideas for the show. A young fan suggested that MacGyver could patch up a vehicle's radiator by cracking an egg into it. The episode "Bushmaster" was constructed around this trick, and the fan was rewarded (producer Henry Winkler said in a 2005 NPR interview that this was his favorite "MacGyverism"). Although staff read every letter, few usable ideas were obtained in this way.
2016 CBS reboot series
In March 2016, Lucas Till was announced as the new MacGyver, Joshua Boone as Gunner, MacGyver's best friend from high school, former CSI star George Eads as Lincoln (later renamed as Jack Dalton), a man who could easily be written off as an eccentric conspiracy theorist but is a legitimate government employee with great capability for compassion, Addison Timlin as Mickey, an app developer who is aggressively progressive in her political views, with a soft spot for MacGyver and Michelle Krusiec as Agent Croix, Lincoln’s sister who works for the Department of Homeland Security.
In May 2016, the network picked up the series. Co-creator/exec producer Peter Lenkov will serve as the showrunner. On May 18, 2016, CBS indicated that the new series will air in late-2016. In June 2016, the network has scrapped the pilot and Wan will now direct the new pilot episode with Till and Eads remaining in the cast. Justin Hires was cast as Wilt Bozer, MacGyver's roommate. In July 2016, Variety reported that Sandrine Holt is cast as Patricia Thornton, an ex-field agent who is now director of operations for the Department of External Services. Also that Tristin Mays was cast as Riley Davis, a highly unpredictable computer hacker with a chip on her shoulder. James Wan thinks they were lucky to find Lead actor Lucas Till who is one of the biggest discoveries with the show. Lucas Till said its super fun for him, he was talking with CBSN about 2016 CBS reboot series.
In other media
MacGyver and the New Citan
Anderson reprised his role as MacGyver in September 2012 in a new series of short films, created by Mercedes-Benz for the launch of their new MPV Citan in Europe. The episodes were shot in Johannesburg, South Africa, in July 2012.
In the short film series, MacGyver now runs a mobile repair service with his daughter Caitlin. They go to a high-rise building to fix a faulty air conditioning system when a group of terrorists incapacitate all of the occupants with knockout gas and take over the building. Despite his age, MacGyver uses his skills to overcome the knockout gas and follow the terrorists, discovering a military bunker below the basement. After the terrorists load a large crate into a van, MacGyver follows them in his Citan work van to a shipping yard, where the terrorists begin an exchange deal with another party. Inside the crate is a robot soldier, which goes haywire and kills everyone on sight. MacGyver then drives his Citan and runs over the robot before deactivating it to save the day.
In 2012, Tony Lee joined with MacGyver creator Lee David Zlotoff and technical advisor John Potter to write a 5-part comic book series of MacGyver titled MacGyver: Fugitive Gauntlets. The story has a contemporary setting but retains all the major elements of the old show, including well known character Pete Thornton and the Phoenix Foundation as well as the much loved voice-overs and MacGyverisms. The first issue was released October 10, 2012 with a new issue released each month ending with issue 5 on February 27, 2013.
The comic book was very well received around the world with the first issue selling out within the first two weeks and received mostly favorable reviews through major comic book sites. However, the series' lead author, Tony Lee, confirmed in September 2014 that the series in total did not sell well enough to warrant a second series.
- Andreeva, Nellie (June 21, 2016). "CBS Sets Fall 2016 Premiere Dates, Slates JonBenet Ramsey Limited Series". Deadline.com. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Design News Staff (December 18, 2001). "Engineers making a difference; Five engineers find the time to teach kids that engineering is cool". Design News: 50.
- Britton, Wesley, Spy Television, Praeger/Greenwood, ISBN 0-275-98163-0, p. 212.
- "Brothers". MacGyver. Season 4. Episode 2. American Broadcasting Company.
- "Target MacGyver". MacGyver. Season 1. Episode 10. American Broadcasting Company.
- Pieter Jacobus Fourie (April 28, 2004). Media Studies: Content, audiences, and production. Google Books. ISBN 978-0-7021-5656-4.
- "MacGyver Online: Andy Colson". Archived from the original on September 19, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- John Rich (October 2006). Warm Up the Snake. Google Books. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-11578-5. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- Canadaka. "TV Series Filmed in Canada". Canadaka.net.
- "MacGyver Online: Filming Locations".
- Brady, James (December 27, 1998). "In Step With Richard Dean Anderson". Parade Magazine. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Greenstein, Lindsay; Giles, Laura; Bogdan, Alex (February 4, 1990). "Kidsday: Talking with Richard Dean Anderson". Newsday. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Suzanne Stevens (January 19, 1987). "In a fix? Call MacGyver, not the average Joe who plays him". People Weekly. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- David Walstad (July 24, 1988). "Series gets no respect, star says; Richard Dean Anderson faces his fourth season as MacGyver". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- Mark Nollinger (July 15, 1997). "Ice Man". TV Guide. TV Guide. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- King, Susan (December 13, 1992). "No More Mr. Nice Guy". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- King, Susan (May 8, 1994). "Richard Dean Anderson producing Macsequels". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Buck, Jerry (December 14, 1992). "A New Image for MacGyver". The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "MacGyver DVD news: Date Change for MacGyver – The TV Movies". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
- "Paramount to Re-Release 'The Complete Collection' on DVD".
- WOIO schedule - TitanTV.com
- "A Star Is Burns". The Simpsons. Season 6. Episode 18. 1995-03-05.
- "Stargate SG-1: Children of the Gods – Final Cut review". ReviewStream.com. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- "MacGyver MasterCard Commercial". Tow.com. December 20, 2010.
- "MacGyver is favorite disaster hero". The Sydney Morning Herald. September 13, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
- MacGyver Online web site has this commercial to watch online
- Rich, John, 2006, Warm Up the Snake: A Hollywood Memoir, ISBN 0-472-11578-2, p. 167.
- Season 2, Episode 3 – "Twice Stung". Her phrasing suggests it's a popular term to those who know of MacGyver's track record, although MacGyver himself was unaware of the term.
- Arsenio Hall interview of Richard Dean Anderson. The Arsenio Hall Show. 1989. MacGyver Online. accessed July 30, 2011.
- "'MacGyver' Series Remake Set At CBS, James Wan & Henry Winkler Producing.".
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 13, 2016). "'Training Day', 'Bull', 'MacGyver', 'The Great Indoors', Matt LeBlanc Comedy & Jason Katims Drama Picked Up By CBS". Deadline.
- Ianucci, Rebecca (May 18, 2016). "MacGyver: CBS Unveils Trailer for Upcoming Reboot of '80s Series". TV Line.
- Goldberg, Lesley (June 16, 2016). "James Wan to Direct CBS' Rebooted 'MacGyver' Pilot". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Andreeva, Nellie (June 13, 2016). "'MacGyver': 'Rush Hour's Justin Hires Cast In CBS Series Reboot". Deadline.
- Prudom, Laura (July 15, 2016). "'MacGyver' Casts Sandrine Holt as Series Regular". Variety.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (July 27, 2016). "Tristin Mays Joins 'MacGyver' Completing Cast of CBS Reboot". Variety.
- "Lead actor Lucas Till joins CBSN to talk about 2016 reboot series". NewsTvChannel. Sep 8, 2016.
- Kasperowicz, Leslie. "MacGyver Gets A Comeback In Mercedes-Benz Web Episodes". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on May 18, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "MacGyver and the new Citan: every hero needs a strong partner". Stuttgart: Daimler AG. August 14, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "MacGyver comic sells out in less than 2 weeks". MacGyver Online. October 31, 2012. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "No more comics planned". MacGyver Online Forums. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
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