|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1940s 1950s 1960s – 1970s – 1980s 1990s 2000s|
|Years:||1967 1968 1969 – 1970 – 1971 1972 1973|
|1970 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2723|
|British Regnal year||18 Eliz. 2 – 19 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4666 or 4606
— to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4667 or 4607
|- Vikram Samvat||2026–2027|
|- Shaka Samvat||1892–1893|
|- Kali Yuga||5071–5072|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 45
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 59
|Thai solar calendar||2513|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1970.|
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade. It is also the Unix epoch time.
- January 1 – UNIX time begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
- January 4 – 1970 Tonghai earthquake: An earthquake of 7.7 Richter magnitude scale in Tonghai County, Yunnan province, China, kills at least 15,621.
- January 5 – The first episode of United States soap opera All My Children is broadcast on the ABC television network.
- January 12 – Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.
- January 14 – Diana Ross and The Supremes perform their farewell live concert together at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas. Ross's replacement, Jean Terrell, is introduced onstage at the end of the last show.
- January 15 – After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafran forces under Philip Effiong formally surrender to General Yakubu Gowon.
- January 20 – The Greater London Council announces its plans for the Thames Barrier at Woolwich to prevent flooding (the barrier opens in 1981).
- January 21
- January 23
- January 26
- February 1 – A train collision near Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 236.
- February 10 – An avalanche at Val d'Isère, France kills 39 tourists.
- February 11 – Ōsumi, Japan's first satellite, is launched on a Lambda-4 rocket.
- February 13 – Black Sabbath's eponymous debut album is released; often regarded as the first true heavy metal album.
- February 14 – The iconic live album The Who: Live at Leeds is recorded.
- February 17
- February 18 – A jury finds the Chicago Seven defendants not guilty of conspiring to incite a riot, in charges stemming from the violence at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Five of the defendants are found guilty on the lesser charge of crossing state lines to incite a riot.
- February 19 – Poseidon bubble: shares in Australian nickel mining company Poseidon NL, which stood at $0.80 in September 1969, peak at around $280 before the speculative bubble bursts.
- February 21 – Construction begins on the Boğaziçi Bridge crossing the Bosphorus in Istanbul.
- February 22 – Guyana becomes a Republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
- February 26 – Chevrolet releases the second generation Camaro.
- March 1 – Rhodesia severs its last tie with the United Kingdom, declaring itself a republic.
- March 5 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect, after ratification by 56 nations.
- March 6
- March 7
- March 12 – Teenagers in the United Kingdom vote for the first time, in a by-election in Bridgwater.
- March 15 – The Expo '70 World's Fair opens in Suita, Osaka, Japan.
- March 16 – The complete New English Bible is published.
- March 17 – My Lai massacre: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident.
- March 18
- General Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
- United States Postal Service workers in New York City go on strike; the strike spreads to the state of California and the cities of Akron, Ohio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Boston, and Denver, Colorado; 210,000 out of 750,000 U.S. postal employees walk out. President Nixon assigns military units to New York City post offices. The strike lasts 2 weeks.
- March 20 – The Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation (ACCT) (Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique) is founded.
- March 21
- March 31
- April 1
- American President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, banning cigarette television advertisements in the United States from January 1, 1971.
- American Motors Corporation introduces the Gremlin.
- The 1970 United States Census begins. There are 203,392,031 United States residents on this day.
- April 6 – BBC Radio 4 broadcasts the first edition of PM.
- April 8
- A huge gas explosion at a subway construction site in Osaka, Japan kills 79 and injures over 400.
- Israeli Air Force F4 Phantom II fighter bombers kill 47 Egyptian school children at an elementary school in what is known as Bahr el-Baqar massacre. The single-floor school is hit by 5 bombs and 2 air-to-ground missiles.
- April 10
- In a press release written in mock-interview style, that is included in promotional copies of his first solo album, Paul McCartney announces that he has left the Beatles. (See Nicholas Schaffner, The Beatles Forever (New York: Cameron House, 1977), 135.)
- The Elton John album is released, the second album by Elton John, but the first to chart and the first to be released in America.
- April 11
- April 13 – An oxygen tank in the Apollo 13 spacecraft explodes, forcing the crew to abort the mission and return in 4 days.
- April 16
- April 17 – Apollo program: Apollo 13 splashes down safely in the Pacific.
- April 21 – The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.
- April 22 – The first Earth Day is celebrated in the U.S.
- April 24 – China's first satellite (Dong Fang Hong 1) is launched into orbit using a Long March-1 Rocket (CZ-1).
- April 26 – The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is founded.
- April 29 – The U.S. invades Cambodia to hunt out the Viet Cong; widespread, large antiwar protests occur in the U.S.
- May 1 – Demonstrations against the trial of the New Haven Nine, Bobby Seale, and Ericka Huggins draw 12,000. President Richard Nixon orders U.S. forces to cross into neutral Cambodia, threatening to widen the Vietnam War, sparking nationwide riots and leading to the Kent State Shootings.
- May 4 – Kent State shootings: Four students at Kent State University in Ohio are killed and 9 wounded by Ohio National Guardsmen, at a protest against the incursion into Cambodia.
- May 6
- May 8
- Hard Hat riot: Unionized construction workers attack about 1,000 students and others protesting the Kent State shootings near the intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street and at New York City Hall.
- The Beatles release their 12th and final album, Let It Be.
- The New York Knicks win their first NBA championship, defeating the Los Angeles Lakers 113-99 in Game 7 of the world championship series at Madison Square Garden.
- May 9 – In Washington, D.C., 100,000 people demonstrate against the Vietnam War.
- May 10 – The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr scores a goal 40 seconds into overtime for a 4-3 victory which completes a four-game sweep of the St. Louis Blues.
- May 11
- May 14
- May 17 – Thor Heyerdahl sets sail from Morocco on the papyrus boat Ra II, to sail the Atlantic Ocean.
- May 23 – A fire occurs in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait near Bangor, Caernarfonshire, Wales, contributing to its partial destruction and amounting to approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
- May 24 – The scientific drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the USSR.
- May 26 – The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.
- May 27 – A British expedition climbs the south face of Annapurna I.
- May 31
- June 1 – Soyuz 9, a two-man spacecraft, is launched in the Soviet Union.
- June 2
- June 4 – Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- June 6 – A D-Day celebration is held in Washington, D.C..
- June 7 – The Who become the first act to perform rock music (their rock opera, Tommy) at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York.
- June 8 – A coup in Argentina brings a new junta of service chiefs; on June 18, Roberto M. Levingston becomes President.
- June 11 – The United States gets its first female generals: Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington.
- June 12 – N.D.F.L.O.A.G. guerrillas attack military garrisons at Izki and Nizwa in Oman.
- June 18 – United Kingdom general election, 1970: the Conservative Party wins and Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister, ousting the Labour government of Harold Wilson after nearly six years in power. The election result is something of a surprise, as most of the opinion polls had predicted a third successive Labour win.
- June 21
- June 24 – The United States Senate repeals the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
- June 28 – U.S. ground troops withdraw from Cambodia.
- June 30 – Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati opens.
- July 1
- July 3 – The French Army detonates a 914 kiloton thermonuclear device in the Mururoa Atoll. It is their fourth and largest nuclear test.
- July 4
- A chartered Dan-Air De Havilland Comet crashes into the mountains north of Barcelona; at least 112 people are killed.
- Bob Hope and other entertainers gather in Washington, D.C. for Honor America Day, a nonpartisan holiday event.
- Longtime radio music countdown show American Top 40 debuts on 5 U.S. stations with Casey Kasem as host.
- July 5 – Air Canada Flight 621 crashes at Toronto International Airport, Toronto, Ontario; all 109 passengers and crew are killed.
- July 11 – The first tunnel under the Pyrenees links the towns of Aragnouet (France) and Bielsa (Spain).
- July 12 – Thor Heyerdahl's papyrus boat Ra II arrives in Barbados.
- July 16 – Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh opens.
- July 21 – The Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
- July 23
- July 30 – Damages totalling £485,528 are awarded to 28 Thalidomide victims.
- July 31 – NBC anchor Chet Huntley retires from full-time broadcasting.
- August 7 – Harold Haley, Marin County Superior Court Judge, is taken hostage and murdered, in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
- August 17–August 18 – The U.S. sinks 418 containers of nerve gas into the Gulf Stream near the Bahamas.
- August 17 – Venera program: Venera 7 is launched toward Venus. It later becomes the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet.
- August 26 – The Women's Strike for Equality takes place down Fifth Avenue in New York City.
- August 26–August 30 – The Isle of Wight Festival 1970 takes place on East Afton Farm off the coast of England. Some 600,000 people attend the largest rock festival of all time. Artists include Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Doors, Chicago, Richie Havens, John Sebastian, Joan Baez, Ten Years After, Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Jethro Tull.
- August 29 – Rubén Salazar is shot and killed during a rally in East Los Angeles.
- September 1 – An assassination attempt against King Hussein of Jordan precipitates the Black September crisis.
- September 3 – September 6 – Israeli forces fight Palestinian guerillas in southern Lebanon.
- September 5 – Vietnam War – Operation Jefferson Glenn: The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien Province (the operation ends in October 1971).
- September 6 &
- Formula One driver Jochen Rindt is killed in qualifying for the Italian Grand Prix. He becomes World Driving Champion anyhow, first to earn the honor posthumously.
- Dawson's Field hijackings, The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 passenger aircraft from Pan Am, TWA and Swissair on flights to New York from Brussels, Frankfurt and Zürich.
- September 7
- September 8–September 10 – The Jordanian government and Palestinian guerillas make repeated unsuccessful truces.
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.
- September 11-September 13 – The covert incursion of Operation Tailwind is instigated by the American forces in southeast Laos.
- September 13 – The first New York City Marathon begins.
- September 15 – King Hussein of Jordan forms a military government with Muhammad Daoud as the prime minister.
- September 18
- September 19 The Mary Tyler Moore Show, featuring its star as an unmarried professional woman, debuts on CBS;
- September 20
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23 – The first women's only tennis tournament begins in Houston, known as the Houston Women's Invitation.
- September 25 – The Partridge Family debuts on ABC.
- September 26 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, burning 175,425 acres (709.92 km2).
- September 27 – Richard Nixon begins a tour of Europe, visiting Italy, Yugoslavia, Spain, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
- September 28 – Gamal Abdal Nasser dies; Vice President Anwar Sadat is named temporary president of Egypt.
- September 29
- October 2 – Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) Corps, one of seven federal uniformed services of the United States, is renamed to NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps under the soon to be formed National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
- October 2 – The Wichita State University football team's "Gold" plane crashes in Colorado, killing most of the players. They were on their way (along with administrators and fans) to a game with Utah State University.
- October 3
- October 4
- Jochen Rindt becomes Formula One World Driving Champion, first to earn the honor posthumously.
- In Bolivia, Army Commander General Rogelio Miranda and a group of officers rebel and demand the resignation of President Alfredo Ovando Candía, who fires him.
- National Educational Television ends operations, being succeeded by PBS.
- In Los Angeles, Rock and blues singer Janis Joplin dies in her hotel room, from an overdose of heroin.
- October 5
- U.S. President Richard Nixon's European tour ends.
- The Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnaps James Cross in Montreal and demands release of all its imprisoned members. The next day the Canadian government announces it will not meet the demand, beginning Quebec's October Crisis.
- The Public Broadcasting Service begins broadcasting.
- October 6
- October 7 – General Juan José Torres becomes the new President of Bolivia.
- October 8
- The U.S. Foreign Office announces that renewal of arms sales to Pakistan.
- Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects U.S. President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
- October 9 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia which begins the Civil War with the Khmer Rouge.
- October 10
- October 11 – Eleven French soldiers are killed in a shootout with rebels in Chad.
- October 12 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas.
- October 13
- October 14 – A Chinese nuclear test is conducted in Lop Nor.
- October 15
- In Egypt, a referendum supports Anwar Sadat 90.04%.
- A section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses into the river below, killing 35 construction workers.
- The Baltimore Orioles defeat the Cincinnati Reds in Game 5 of the World Series, 9–3, to win the series 4 games to 1 for their 2nd World Championship.
- The domestic Soviet Aeroflot Flight 244 is hijacked and diverted to Turkey.
- October 16 – October Crisis: The Canadian government declares a state of emergency and outlaws the Quebec Liberation Front.
- October 17
- October 20
- October 21 – A U.S. Air Force plane makes an emergency landing near Leninakan, Soviet Union. The Soviets release the American officers, including 2 generals, November 10.
- October 22 – Chilean army commander René Schneider is shot in Santiago; the government declares a state of emergency. Schneider dies October 25.
- October 24 – Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
- October 25 – The wreck of the Confederate submarine Hunley is found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink a ship in warfare.
- October 26 – Garry Trudeau's comic strip Doonesbury debuts in approximately two dozen newspapers in the United States.
- October 28
- In Jordan, the government of Ahmed Toukan resigns; the next prime minister is Wasfi Al-Tal.
- A cholera outbreak in eastern Slovakia causes Hungary to close its border with Czechoslovakia.
- Gary Gabelich drives the rocket-powered Blue Flame to an official land speed record at 622.407 mph (1,001.667 km/h) on the dry lake bed of the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The record, the first above 1 000 km/h, stands for nearly 13 years.
- October 30 – In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in 6 years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
- November 1 – Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, kills 146.
- November 3
- November 4
- November 5 – Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in 5 years (24 soldiers die that week, which is the fifth consecutive week the death toll is below 50; 431 are reported wounded that week, however).
- November 8
- Egypt, Libya and Sudan announce their intentions to form a federation.
- Tom Dempsey, who was born with a deformed right foot and right hand, sets a National Football League record by kicking a 63-yard field goal to lift the New Orleans Saints to a 19-17 victory over the Detroit Lions at Tulane Stadium.
- November 9
- The Soviet Union launches Luna 17.
- Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6–3 not to hear a case by the state of Massachusetts, about the constitutionality of a state law granting Massachusetts residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
- Charles de Gaulle dies and 63 heads of state attend his funeral.
- November 10 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: For the first time in 5 years, an entire week ends with no reports of United States combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.
- November 12 – Soviet author Andrei Amalrik is sentenced to 3 years for 'anti-Soviet' writings.
- November 13
- Hafez al-Assad comes to power in Syria, following a military coup within the Ba'ath party.
- 1970 Bhola cyclone: A 120-mph (193 km/h) tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people (considered the 20th century's worst cyclone disaster).
- November 14
- November 16 – The Lockheed L-1011 Tristar flies for the first time.
- November 17
- November 18
- U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for US$155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government (US $85 million is for military assistance to prevent the overthrow of the government of Premier Lon Nol by the Khmer Rouge and North Vietnam).
- The United Nations Security Council demands that no government recognize Rhodesia.
- November 19 – European Economic Community prime ministers meet in Munich.
- November 21
- Syrian Prime Minister Hafez al-Assad forms a new government but retains the post of defense minister.
- In Ethiopia, the Eritrean Liberation Front kills an Ethiopian general.
- Vietnam War – Operation Ivory Coast: A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there (no Americans are killed, but the prisoners have already moved to another camp; all U.S. POWs are moved to a handful of central prison complexes as a result of this raid).
- November 22 – Guinean president Sekou Toure accuses Portugal of an attack when hundreds of mercenaries land near the capital Conakry.
- November 23–24 – The Guinean army repels the landing attempts.
- November 23 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! makes its network TV debut, when CBS telecasts the 1955 film version as a 3-hour Thanksgiving special.
- November 25–November 29 – A U.N. delegation arrives to investigate the Guinea situation.
- November 25 – In Tokyo, author and Tatenokai militia leader Yukio Mishima and his followers take over the headquarters of the Japan Self-Defense Forces in an attempted coup d'état. After Mishima's speech fails to sway public opinion towards his right-wing political beliefs, including restoration of the powers of the Emperor, he commits seppuku (public ritual suicide).
- November 26
- November 27 – Bolivian artist Benjamin Mendoza tries to assassinate Pope Paul VI during his visit in Manila.
- November 30 – British Caledonian Airways Ltd. (BCal) is formed.
- December 1
- December 2 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency is established.
- December 3 – October Crisis: In Montreal, Quebec, kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross is released by the Front de libération du Québec terrorist group after being held hostage for 60 days. Police negotiate his release and in return the Government of Canada grants 5 terrorists from the FLQ's Chenier Cell their request for safe passage to Cuba.
- December 3 – Burgos Trial: In Burgos, Spain, the trial of 16 Basque terrorism suspects begins.
- December 4
- The Spanish government declares a 3-month martial law in the Basque county of Guipuzco, over strikes and demonstrations.
- The U.N. announces that Portuguese navy and army units were responsible for the attempted invasion of Guinea.
- December 5
- The Asian and Australian tour of Pope Paul VI ends.
- Fluminense wins the Brazil Football Championship.
- December 7
- Giovanni Enrico Bucher, the Swiss ambassador to Brazil, is kidnapped in Rio de Janeiro; kidnappers demand the release of 70 political prisoners.
- The U.N. General Assembly supports the isolation of South Africa for its apartheid policies.
- During his visit to the Polish capital, German Chancellor Willy Brandt goes down on his knees in front of a monument to the victims of the Warsaw Ghetto, which will become known as the Warschauer Kniefall (German for "Warsaw Genuflection").
- December 12 – A landslide in western Colombia leaves 200 dead.
- December 13 – The government of Poland announces food price increases. Riots and looting lead to a bloody confrontation between the rioters and the government on December 15, and martial law December 17–22.
- December 15
- December 16 – The Ethiopian government declares a state of emergency in the county of Eritrea over the activities of the Eritrean Liberation Front.
- December 20
- December 21 – The Grumman F-14 Tomcat makes its first flight.
- December 22
- December 23
- The Polish government freezes food prices for 2 years.
- The Bolivian government releases Régis Debray.
- The North Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.
- Law 70-001 is enacted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, amending article 4 of the constitution and making the country a single-party state.
- December 25 – The ETA releases Eugen Beihl.
- December 27 – India's president declares new elections.
- December 28
- Burgos Trial: Three Basques are sentenced to death (3 twice), others sentenced to 12 to 62 years, and one is released.
- The suspected killers of Pierre Laporte, Jacques and Paul Rose and Francis Sunard, are arrested near Montreal.
- December 29 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signs into law the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
- December 30
- December 31 – Paul McCartney sues in Great Britain to dissolve the Beatles' legal partnership.
- The Roman Catholic Church creates the first female Doctors of the Church, Saints Catherine of Siena and Teresa of Ávila.
- The first Regional Technical Colleges open in Ireland.
- Sada Abe, Japanese former prostitute and later actress, disappears.
- The Sweet Track is discovered in England. It was the world's oldest engineered roadway at the time of its discovery.
- Alvin Toffler publishes his book Future Shock.
- Sammlung zeitgenössischer Kunst der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, the Federal collection of contemporary art, is established in Germany.
- Xerox PARC computer laboratory opens in Palo Alto, California.
- January 1 – Kimberly Page, American model
- January 2
- January 3 – Christian Duguay, American comic actor
- January 4 – Chris Kanyon, American professional wrestler (d. 2010)
- January 6
- January 7
- January 9 - Lara Fabian, Canadian/Belgian singer
- January 12 - Zack de la Rocha, American musician
- January 13 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
- January 15 – Shane McMahon, American professional wrestler and wrestling executive
- January 17
- January 18 – DJ Quik, American rapper and producer
- January 19
- January 20 – Skeet Ulrich, American actor
- January 22 – Alex Ross, American comic artist
- January 24 – Matthew Lillard, American actor
- January 29
- January 31 – Minnie Driver, English actress
- February 1 – Malik Sealy, American basketball player (d. 2000)
- February 3 – Keith Carney, American hockey player
- February 8
- February 9 – Glenn McGrath, Australian test cricketer
- February 11 – Fredrik Thordendal, Swedish musician
- February 14
- February 17 – Tommy Moe, American Alpine skier
- February 17 – Dominic Purcell, English-Australian actor
- February 18 – Raine Maida, Canadian musician and beat poet
- February 21 – Dayna Devon, American news anchor
- February 22 – Dominic Roussel, Canadian ice hockey player
- February 24 – Jeff Garcia, American football player
- February 26
- February 27 – Matthias Lechner, German art director
- February 28
- March 3 – Julie Bowen, American actress
- March 5
- March 7
- March 8 – Jason Elam, American football player
- March 9 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player
- March 10
- March 12 – Dave Eggers, American author
- March 16 – Paul Oscar (Páll Óskar Hjálmtýsson), Icelandic pop singer, songwriter and disc jockey
- March 18 – Queen Latifah, African-American rapper, record producer, and actress
- March 20 – Michele Jaffe, U.S.American novelist
- March 21 – Niiyama Shiho, Japanese voice actress
- March 22 – Leontien van Moorsel, Dutch cyclist
- March 24
- March 27
- March 28 – Vince Vaughn, American actor, writer, and producer
- April 4
- April 5 – Miho Hatori, Japanese singer and songwriter
- April 10 – Q-Tip, American musician and actor
- April 11 – Trevor Linden, Canadian hockey player
- April 13
- April 15 – Flex Alexander, American actor
- April 17 – Redman, American rapper, record producer, and actor
- April 19 – Luis Miguel, Mexican singer
- April 20 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer
- April 21 – Nicole Sullivan, American actress, comedian, and writer
- April 22 – Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer, actress, model and record producer
- April 23
- April 25 – Jason Lee, American skateboarder and actor
- April 28
- April 29
- May 3 – Jeffrey Sebelia, American fashion designer
- May 4
- May 5
- May 6
- May 8
- May 9 – Doug Christie, NBA basketball player and TV personality
- May 12
- May 15
- May 16 – Gabriela Sabatini, Argentine tennis player
- May 17 – Jordan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
- May 18 – Tina Fey, American writer, comedian, and actress
- May 19
- May 22 – Naomi Campbell, British model and actress
- May 23
- May 24 – Jeff Zgonina, American football player
- May 25
- May 26 – Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist
- May 27 – Joseph Fiennes, English actor
- May 30 – Jeffrey Sebelia, American fashion designer
- June 3
- June 4
- June 6
- June 7
- June 8
- June 13
- June 15
- June 16
- June 17
- June 18 – Katie Derham, British newsreader
- June 19 – Quincy Watts, American athlete
- June 20
- June 21 – Pete Rock, American rapper/DJ/producer
- June 22
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Steve Burton, American actor
- July 2 – Steve Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
- July 3
- July 5 – Mac Dre, American rapper (d. 2004)
- July 7 – Wayne McCullough, Northern Irish boxer
- July 8 – Beck, American singer
- July 9 – Trent Green, National Football League quarterback
- July 10
- July 11 – Saj Karim, British politician
- July 23 – Thea Dorn, German writer
- July 25 – Julien Fountain, English Cricket Coach
- July 29 – Andi Peters, British TV presenter and producer
- July 30 – Christopher Nolan, English screenwriter and director
- August 1
- August 2
- August 4 – Pete Abrams, American webcomic artist
- August 6 – M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-American film director, writer, producer, and actor
- August 12 – Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball coach
- August 13
- August 17 – Jim Courier, American tennis player
- August 18 – Malcolm-Jamal Warner, African-American actor
- August 20 – John D. Carmack, American computer game programmer
- August 21 – Erik Dekker, Dutch professional cyclist
- August 22 – Ricco Gross, German biathlete
- August 23
- August 25 – Claudia Schiffer, German model
- August 26 – Olimpiada Ivanova, Russian race walker
- August 27
- August 28 – Sherrié Austin, Australian actress and singer
- August 29 – Jacco Eltingh, Dutch tennis player
- August 30 – Guang Liang, Malaysian singer
- August 31
- September 1 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
- September 4
- September 5 – Liam Lynch, American musician, comedian, and puppetteer
- September 7 – Gao Min, Chinese diver
- September 8
- September 10
- September 11 – Taraji P. Henson, African-American actress
- September 15 – Jukka Jokikokko, Finnish musician and studio engineer
- September 18 – Darren Gough, English cricketer
- September 19
- September 20 – Gert Verheyen, Belgian footballer
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
- September 25 – Aja Kong, Japanese professional wrestler
- September 26
- September 27 – Yoshiharu Habu, Japanese professional shogi player
- September 28
- September 29
- September 30 – Mark Smith, former Gladiator
- October 1 – Moses Kiptanui, Kenyan athlete
- October 2 – Kelly Ripa, American actress and talk-show hostess
- October 4
- October 8
- October 9 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer
- October 10
- October 11
- October 12
- October 14 – Daniela Peštová, Czech supermodel
- October 17
- October 18 – Jose Padilla, American gang member and alleged terrorist
- October 20 – Michelle Malkin, American political commentator
- October 21 – Tony Mortimer, English singer (East 17), Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor
- October 24 – Jarkko Martikainen, Finnish rock musician
- October 25 – Adam Goldberg, American actor
- October 27
- October 28 – Alan Peter Cayetano, Filipino politician and current senator
- October 29
- October 30
- October 31 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
- November 2
- November 3 – Dawn Marie Psaltis, American Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) and WWE performer
- November 4 – Tony Sly, American punk rock lead vocalist (No Use for a Name) (d. 2012)
- November 5 – Javy López, American baseball player
- November 6 – Ethan Hawke, American actor, writer, and film director
- November 7
- November 9
- November 10 – Orny Adams, American comedian
- November 12 – Tonya Harding, American figure skater
- November 13 – Frederick Herman, American airline pilot
- November 15 – Patrick Mboma, Cameroonian footballer
- November 16 – Martha Plimpton, American actress
- November 17
- November 18 – Peta Wilson, Australian actress
- November 20 – Joe Zaso, American actor and producer
- November 21 – Karen Davila, Filipina broadcast journalist, TV host and news personality
- November 22 – Stel Pavlou, British novelist and screenwriter
- November 23
- November 26 – Dave Hughes, Australian comedian
- November 27
- November 30
- December 1 – Sarah Silverman, American comedian
- December 2 – Joshua Seth, American voice actor and hypnotist
- December 4 – Kevin Sussman, American actor
- December 5
- December 6 – Ulf "Buddha" Ekberg, Swedish rock musician (Ace of Base)
- December 9 – Kara DioGuardi, American songwriter
- December 12
- December 15 – Michael Shanks, Canadian actor
- December 17 – Craig Doyle, Irish television presenter
- December 18
- December 20
- December 22 – Clay Dreslough, American game designer
- December 23 – Catriona LeMay Doan, Canadian speed skater
- December 25 – Emmanuel Amuneke, Nigerian footballer
- December 27 – Tibor Kökény, Hungarian psychologist
- December 29
- December 31 – Bryon Russell, American basketball player
- Przemysław Truściński, Polish artist
- January 1 – Rose Dolly, American actress (b. 1892)
- January 4 – Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
- January 5 – Max Born, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
- January 7 – Robert Barrat, American actor (b. 1889)
- January 10 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1925)
- January 14 – Harry M. Woods, American songwriter (b. 1896)
- January 18 – David O. McKay, 9th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1873)
- January 19 – Hal March, American actor (b. 1920)
- January 25
- January 27 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
- January 29
- January 31 – Slim Harpo, American singer (b. 1924)
- February 2
- February 5 – Rudy York, American baseball player (b. 1913)
- February 6 – Roscoe Karns, American actor (b. 1891)
- February 14
- February 15 – Hugh Dowding, British RAF Fighter Commander during the Battle of Britain (b. 1882)
- February 16 – Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1879)
- February 17
- February 19 – Jules Munshin, American actor (b. 1915)
- February 20 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)
- February 21 – Johannes Semper, Estonian writer and translator (b. 1892)
- February 22 – Edward Selzer, American Film producer (b. 1893)
- February 24 – Conrad Nagel, American actor (b. 1897)
- February 25 – Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (b. 1903)
- February 26 – Terence Patrick O'Sullivan, engineer (b. 1913)
- March 6 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
- March 11
- March 13 – Alec Clunes, English actor (b. 1912)
- March 16 – Tammi Terrell, African-American singer (Ain't No Mountain High Enough) (b. 1945)
- March 18 – William Beaudine, American film director (b. 1892)
- March 23 – Del Lord, Canadian film director (b. 1894)
- March 26 – Patricia Ellis, American actress (b. 1916)
- March 30 – Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)
- March 31 – Semyon Timoshenko, Soviet general. Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
- April 5 – Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
- April 6 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
- April 11
- April 23 – Herb Shriner, American humorist (b. 1918)
- April 25 – Anita Louise, American actress (b. 1915)
- April 26 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress (b. 1911)
- April 27 – Arthur Shields, Irish actor (b. 1896)
- April 28 – Ed Begley, American actor (b. 1901)
- April 30 – Inger Stevens, Swedish-born actress (b. 1934)
- May 1
- May 9
- May 10
- May 11 – Johnny Hodges, American jazz musician (b. 1906)
- May 12 – Nelly Sachs, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
- May 13 – Sir William Dobell, Australian artist (b. 1899)
- May 14 – Billie Burke, American actress (b. 1885)
- May 19 – Ray Schalk, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1892)
- May 21 – E. L. Grant Watson, Australian scientist and writer (b. 1885)
- May 29
- May 31 – Terry Sawchuk, Canadian hockey player (b. 1929)
- June 1 – George Watkins, American baseball player (b. 1900)
- June 2
- June 3 – Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi German economic minister (b. 1877)
- June 4 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (b. 1911)
- June 7 – E. M. Forster, English writer (b. 1879)
- June 8 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
- June 11 – Alexander Kerensky, Russian revolutionary politician (b. 1881)
- June 14 – William H. Daniels, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
- June 16
- June 21 – Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
- June 26 – Leopoldo Marechal, Argentine writer (b. 1900)
- June 27 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1902)
- June 30 – Arthur Leslie, British actor (b. 1901)
- July 6 – Marjorie Rambeau, American actress (b. 1889)
- July 10 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1908)
- July 14 – Preston Foster, American actor (b. 1900)
- July 19 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (b. 1904)
- July 21 – Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
- July 22 – Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (b. 1892)
- July 24 – Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman (b. 1897)
- July 27 – António de Oliveira Salazar, Prime Minister of Portugal (de facto dictator) (b. 1889)
- July 28 – Baba Bujha Singh, Indian revolutionary
- July 29
- July 31
- August 1
- August 18 – Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (b. 1943)
- August 19 – Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (b. 1909)
- August 20 – Mickey Daniels, American actor (b. 1914)
- August 30 – Del Moore, American actor (b. 1916)
- September 1 – Francois Mauriac, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- September 2 – Marie Pierre Koenig, French general and politician (b. 1898)
- September 3
- September 5
- September 11
- September 18 – James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix, American rock musician (b. 1942)
- September 23 – André Bourvil, French actor (b. 1917)
- September 25 – Erich Maria Remarque, German author (All Quiet On The Western Front) (b. 1898)
- September 28
- September 29 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
- October 4 – Janis Joplin, American rock singer (Mercedes Benz) (b. 1943)
- October 10 – Édouard Daladier, French prime minister, signed Munich Agreement (b. 1884)
- October 17 – Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (assassinated) (b. 1921)
- October 21
- October 24 – Richard Hofstadter, American historian (b. 1916)
- October 25 – Ülo Sooster, Estonian painter (b. 1924)
- November 2 – Fernand Gravey, French actor (b. 1904)
- November 3 – Peter II of Yugoslavia, Last King of Yugoslavia (b. 1923)
- November 7 – Eddie Peabody, American musician (b. 1902)
- November 9 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
- November 14 – Louis Rich, American entrepreneur (b. 1896)
- November 23 – Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (b. 1910)
- November 25
- November 27 – Helene Madison, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1913)
- November 29 – Robert T. Frederick, American combat commander (b. 1907)
- December 2 – John H. Hoover, American admiral (b. 1887)
- December 7 – Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (b. 1883)
- December 12 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
- December 23
- December 24 – Charles M. Cooke, Jr., American admiral (b. 1886)
- December 26 – Lillian Board, British track and field athlete (b. 1948)
- December 30
- December 31 – Ray Henderson, American songwriter (b. 1896)
- Physics – Hannes Alfvén, Louis Néel
- Chemistry – Luis Federico Leloir
- Medicine – Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
- Literature – Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn
- Peace – Norman E. Borlaug
- Economics – Paul Samuelson
- Cover Story: Time Capsule From The Sea – U.S. News & World Report, July 2–9, 2007
- "FIA land speed records, Cat C". FIA. Retrieved 2009-07-12.