Macromeles tschonoskii

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Macromeles tschonoskii
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Macromeles
M. tschonoskii
Binomial name
Macromeles tschonoskii
  • Cormus tschonoskii (Maxim.) Koidz. (1909)
  • Docyniopsis tschonoskii (Maxim.) Koidz. (1934)
  • Eriolobus tschonoskii (Maxim.) Rehder (1903)
  • Malus tschonoskii (Maxim.) C.K.Schneid. (1906)
  • Pyrus tschonoskii Maxim. (1873)

Macromeles tschonoskii (common names Chonosuki crab and pillar apple) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. It is a tree endemic to Japan.[2]

The specific epithet tschonoskii refers to the 19th century Japanese botanist Sugawa Tschonoski.[3]


Macromeles tschonoskii is a strong-growing deciduous tree, it has a distinctive columnar habit and is particularly noted for its autumn colouring, when the glossy mid-green leaves turn to brilliant shades of yellow, orange, purple and scarlet. Single white flowers, tinged pink, appear in May and are followed by rounded red-flushed yellow-green crabapples.

It can grow to 9 metres (30 feet) tall by 1.8 m (6 ft) broad in 20 years, with an ultimate height of 12 m (39 ft).[4]


The species grows well in many soil types, doing best in moist, well-drained soil.[5]


It is cultivated as an ornamental tree, for planting in gardens.


  1. ^ Rhodes, L. (2016). "Malus tschonoskii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T50390234A50390238. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50390234A50390238.en. Retrieved 18 December 2023.
  2. ^ a b Macromeles tschonoskii (Maxim.) Koidz. Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 17 December 2023.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  5. ^ "". 11 May 2018.