Malus prunifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Malus prunifolia
Malus prunifolia[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
M. prunifolia
Binomial name
Malus prunifolia

Malus prunifolia is a species of crabapple tree known by the common names plumleaf crab apple,[4] plum-leaved apple,[5] pear-leaf crabapple, Chinese apple and Chinese crabapple.[6] It is native to China, and is grown elsewhere for use as an ornamental tree or as rootstock. It reaches from between 3 and 8 meters tall and bears white flowers and yellow or red fruit.[3]

It was described botanically by Willd. in the genus Pyrus, and transferred to Malus in 1803 to produce the nomenclatural treatment used here.[7]

Range and habitat[edit]

Malus prunifolia is found in China in the provinces of Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, and possibly Xinjiang. It is adapted to grow at a variety elevations from sea-level plains, to slopes as high as 1300 meters.[3]


Malus prunifolia has at least four varieties, some are grown for their fruit:[6][8][9]

Malus prunifolia var. obliquipedicellata  X.W. Li & J.W. Sun 
M. prunifolia var. prunifolia 
M. prunifolia var. ringo  Asami (Chinese apple) 
M. prunifolia var. rinki  (Koidz.) Rehder P.L.Wilson (plum-leaf or Chinese crabapple) 


  1. ^ Cirrus Digital Plum-leaved Crabapple
  2. ^ Rhodes, L.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Malus prunifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T50050135A50050138. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50050135A50050138.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Malus prunifolia (Willdenow) Borkhausen". Flora of China. eFloras. p. 184. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  4. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Malus prunifolia". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  5. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  6. ^ a b "Search results for: Malus". Archived from the original on April 4, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  7. ^ [1] The International Plant Names Index
  8. ^ "Name Search : Malus prunifolia". Tropicos. St. Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  9. ^ Michel H. Porcher (May 10, 2005). "Sorting Malus names". Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database. University of Melbourne. Retrieved September 11, 2009.