Malus trilobata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Malus trilobata
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
M. trilobata
Binomial name
Malus trilobata

Malus trilobata, the Lebanese wild apple, erect crab apple or three-lobed apple tree, is a species in the family Rosaceae in the genus Malus.[2] Some authorities place it in the segregate genus Eriolobus, as E. trilobatus.


M. trilobata has an upright habit with horizontal branching and a mature size of 15 metres (49 feet) height by 7 m (23 ft) width.[3]

The leaves are maple-like and deeply three-lobed. They turn from orange to red to deep purple in the fall.[2]

The tree blooms during April and May producing white flowers and yellow fruits.[citation needed]


The species' distribution in Asia includes West and South Anatolia, Syria, Lebanon and North Israel, while in Europe its distribution encompasses the east section of Greek Thrace (Evros Prefecture) and southeastern Bulgaria.[4]

Surviving trees in Lebanon can be found in the Mount Lebanon Range, at altitudes of 1,000–1,500 m (3,300–4,900 ft).[2] The last remaining protected forest community of the endemic wild apple in the country is in the Horsh Ehden nature reserve and the Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Wilson, B.; Stephan, J. (2018). "Malus trilobata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T172203A64116219. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T172203A64116219.en. Retrieved 8 March 2024.
  2. ^ a b c "HortScience; October 2008; vol. 43 no. 6". Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  3. ^ PFAF Plant Database: Malus trilobata
  4. ^ Korakis, Giorgos; Poirazidis, Kostas; Papamattheakis, Nikolaos; Papageorgiou, Aristotelis (2006). "New localities of the vulnerable species Eriolobus trilobatus (Rosaceae) in northeastern Greece" (PDF). Plant, Fungal and Habitat Diversity Investigation and Conservation • Proceedings of IV BBC – Sofia 2006: 422–426. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-08. Retrieved 2016-10-04.

Further reading[edit]