Malus angustifolia

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Malus angustifolia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
Species:
M. angustifolia
Binomial name
Malus angustifolia
(Aiton) Michx. 1803 not Rehder 1940
Malus angustifolia range map.jpg
Natural range
Synonyms[2]
  • Pyrus angustifolia Aiton 1789
  • Malus coronaria var. puberula Rehder
  • Pyrus angustifolia var. puberula (Rehder) L.H.Bailey
  • Pyrus angustifolia var. spinosa (Rehder) L.H.Bailey

Malus angustifolia, or southern crabapple,[3] is a species of crabapple native to the eastern and south-central United States.

Description[edit]

M. angustifolia is a tree sometimes attaining a height of 10 meters (33 feet). The trunk can have a diameter up to 25 centimeters (10 inches). The flowers are pink, with a pleasant scent. The fruits are up to 3 cm (1+14 in) in diameter, and have an aromatic scent and a pear-like shape.[4][5]

Taxonomy[edit]

The following two varieties are known:[2]

  • Malus angustifolia var. angustifolia
  • Malus angustifolia var. puberula (Rehder) Rehder

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species can be found from Florida west to eastern Texas and north to New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Missouri.[6]

Ecology[edit]

The fruits are eaten by various wildlife.[7]

Uses[edit]

Although the fruits are astringent, acidic, and unpalatable when raw, they can be used to make jellies, jams, and food preserves.[4][5]

The tree is grown as an ornamental plant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group.; Botanic Gardens Conservation International; et al. (BGCI) (2020). "Malus angustifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T64134490A152906529. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T64134490A152906529.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b The Plant List, Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michx.
  3. ^ "Search results for: Malus". Archived from the original on April 4, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America, Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux, 1803. Southern or narrow-leaved crabapple
  5. ^ a b Malus angustifolia at Plants for a Future
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2014 county distribution map
  7. ^ Little, Elbert L. (1980). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees: Eastern Region. New York: Knopf. p. 489. ISBN 0-394-50760-6.

External links[edit]