Malus fusca

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Malus fusca
Malus fusca flowers and leaves, at Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge in California
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
Species: M. fusca
Binomial name
Malus fusca
(Raf.) C.K.Schneid.

Malus fusca, with the common names Oregon crabapple and Pacific crabapple, is a North American species of crabapple. [1]


It is native to western North America from Alaska, through British Columbia, to northwestern California. It grows in temperate coniferous forest, primarily in the Cascade Range and the Pacific Coast Ranges.[2][3][4][5] [6]


Malus fusca is a deciduous tree up to 13 metres (43 ft) tall. Leaves are up to 10 cm (4 inches) long.

Flowers are white or pale pink, blooming in Spring. The fruits are small round apple-shaped pomes, red, yellow, or yellow-green.[7][8]


The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked, however it has an acidic flavor raw. The fruit can also be used for extraction of pectin, useful in helping make jams and jellies from other fruits. The bark can be used as a herbal medicine. It is also grown in parks and gardens as an ornamental plant.

Pacific crabapple fruits were prized by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest as a food source, and were gathered all along the coast. As a traditional medicinal plant, infusions of the bark and/or fruit were used, including for stomach disorders, skin and eye infections, and as an analgesic. [9]

The tree was also valued for its tough, resilient wood, used for making implements, and for its bark, used for a wide range of medicinal purposes.[10][11]


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