|Malus fusca flowers and leaves, at Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge in California
Malus fusca (common name: Oregon crabapple or Pacific crabapple) is a North American species of crabapple. It is native to western North America from Alaska to California, where it grows in coniferous forests primarily in the Cascades and the Coast Ranges.
Malus fusca is a deciduous tree up to 13 meters (43 feet) tall. Leaves are up to 10 cm (4 inches) long. Flowers are white or pale pink. The fruits are small round apple-shaped pomes, red, yellow, or yellow-green.
The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked, however it has an acidic flavor raw. The fruit can also be used for extraction of pectin, useful in helping make jams and jellies from other fruits. The bark can be used as a herbal medicine. It is also grown in parks and gardens as an ornamental plant.
Pacific crabapple fruits was prized by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest, and were gathered all along the coast. The tree was also valued for its tough, resilient wood, used for making implements, and for its bark, used for a wide range of medicinal purposes.
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map
- Calflora taxon report, University of California, Malus fusca (Raf.) C. Schneider Oregon crab apple, Oregon crabapple
- University of Washington, Burke Museum
- Malus fusca'- Árboles ornamentales in Spanish
- Flora of North America, Malus fusca (Rafinesque) C. K. Schneider, 1906. Oregon or western or Pacific crabapple
- Deur, Douglas and Turner, Nancy J. Keeping it Living. University of Washington Press, 2005, p. 13.
- Crabapples - University of Alaska Fairbanks description, photos, recipes
- Jepson Manual Treatment
- United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
- Plants for a Future, Malus fusca
- Calphotos Photo gallery, University of California
- Biodiversity of the Central Coast
- Dreamstime, Royalty Free Stock Images: Pacific Crabapple tree (Malus Fusca) photos
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