Mark Andrew Green

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Mark Green
Mark Green official photo.jpg
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development
Assumed office
August 7, 2017
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byGayle Smith
United States Ambassador to Tanzania
In office
September 12, 2007 – January 20, 2009
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byMichael Retzer
Succeeded byAlfonso E. Lenhardt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2007
Preceded byJay W. Johnson
Succeeded bySteve Kagen
Personal details
Born (1960-06-01) June 1, 1960 (age 58)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Sue Green (m. 1985)
Children3
EducationUniversity of Wisconsin–Eau Claire (BA)
University of Wisconsin–Madison (JD)

Mark Andrew Green (born June 1, 1960) is an American politician and diplomat. He served in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1993 to 1999, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1999 to 2007, representing Wisconsin's 8th congressional district, ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Wisconsin in 2006, and held the post of United States Ambassador to Tanzania from August 2007 until January 2009. Green served as president of the International Republican Institute[1] from 2014 to 2017 and sits on the board of directors of the Millennium Challenge Corporation. On May 10, 2017, President Donald Trump nominated Green to lead the United States Agency for International Development.[2][3] Green was confirmed on August 3, and sworn in on August 7, 2017.[4]

Early life, education, and career[edit]

Green was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Jeremy and Elizabeth Green. His father is from South Africa, and Green spent time there as a child.[5] His family moved often, and as a child he lived in Jersey City, New Jersey; Cincinnati, Ohio; England; South Africa; and Australia.[6] He attended Abbot Pennings High School (now Notre Dame Academy) in De Pere, Wisconsin.[7]

Green received a bachelor's degree from the University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire in 1983 and a Juris Doctor from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1987.[7] In law school, he served as a managing editor of the Wisconsin Law Review and won the Justice Robert Jackson Award from the Washington, D.C., Foreign Law Society for "Best Published Student Writing on a Foreign Law Subject". After graduating from law school, he joined the law firm Godfrey & Kahn S.C. at their Green Bay offices.

Political career[edit]

Wisconsin State Assembly[edit]

In 1992, Green was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly, where he served for six years and rose to the position of chairman of the Republican Caucus.[8][9] He chaired the Judiciary Committee, served on the Board of the Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority (WHEDA), and helped reform state housing policy. Green's legislative work won him awards from the Wisconsin and American Farm Bureau Federations, the United States Chamber of Commerce, the National Federation of Independent Business, the National Rifle Association, the Wisconsin Builders Association, the Wisconsin Medical Society, Citizens Against Government Waste, Watchdogs of the Treasury, and the Seniors Coalition.[10]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Green first ran for Congress in 1998, defeating first-term Representative Jay W. Johnson, with 54% of the vote. Green won each of his next three elections with 70% or more of the vote.[7] He represented Wisconsin's 8th congressional district from the 106th Congress until the 109th Congress.

Green was a member of the House International Relations Committee in the 107th to 109th sessions of Congress. He helped draft the Millennium Challenge Act, the Global Access to HIV/AIDS Prevention, Awareness and Treatment Act of 2001, and the U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Act. He co-founded the Victory in Iraq Caucus.[11]

Green worked to raise awareness about human rights violations by the communist Pathet Lao government in Laos against the ethnic minority Hmong people and others suffering under authoritarian governments, and about religious freedom issues in Laos and Southeast Asia.[12][13][14][15] Many Hmong Americans had resettled in Wisconsin as political refugees following the Vietnam War.

In January 1999, Green was appointed an Assistant Majority Whip by then-House Majority Whip Tom DeLay, and then re-appointed by House Majority Whip Roy Blunt.[16]

While a U.S. Representative, Green was a member of the House Judiciary Committee, vice chair of the Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security Subcommittee, and co-founded the bipartisan Faith-Based Caucus. He co-led the floor debate on the "Faith-Based Initiative", a plan to reenlist faith-based communities in the national fight against poverty and social crises. As part of that effort, he co-founded the bipartisan Faith-Based Caucus. Green helped expand the Violence Against Women Act, and wrote the "Two Strikes and You're Out Child Protection Act", which would have established a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment for twice-convicted child sex offenders.[17] He also cosponsored the Debbie Smith Act, which was meant to assist law enforcement in modernizing DNA databases, and the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act.[18] He supported the death penalty[19] and the No Child Left Behind Act.[20]

2006 Wisconsin gubernatorial campaign[edit]

Green unsuccessfully ran for Governor of Wisconsin against incumbent Governor Jim Doyle, a Democrat. Green had no opponent in the Republican Party primary. Then-Milwaukee County Executive Scott Walker dropped out of the GOP primary on March 24, 2006, citing a lack of campaign funds (he would later win the governorship in 2010).[21] After the primary, Green was joined on the ticket by State Rep. Jean Hundertmark of Clintonville, who had defeated Nick Voegeli in the primary for lieutenant governor.[22] Green received 979,427 votes to Doyle's 1,139,115 votes.

U.S. Ambassador to Tanzania[edit]

Green visiting Tumaini Orphan Vocational Training Center in Arusha on November 16, 2007 where a Peace Corps volunteer is teaching life skills to students

On June 8, 2007, President George W. Bush announced Green's nomination as United States Ambassador to Tanzania. Senator Russ Feingold, chairman of the African Affairs Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, held hearings on Green's nomination as ambassador on June 19.

Senator Chris Dodd, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, put a hold on Green's nomination to replace Michael Retzer as ambassador, citing Retzer's action of revoking the country clearance of Peace Corps Country Director Christine Djondo as interference in the independence of the Peace Corps.[23] On June 28, when the State Department provided a letter of apology to Djondo, Dodd released his hold. On August 3, 2007, the Senate confirmed Green by unanimous consent.[24] He resigned as ambassador to Tanzania upon Barack Obama's inauguration as president.

Tenure[edit]

Green meeting with Tanzanian ministers

During Green’s tenure, President George W. Bush visited Tanzania in February 2008, the first official visit by a sitting U.S. president;[25] Tanzania hosted Sullivan Summit VIII, the first Sullivan Summit in East Africa; President Kikwete visited the White House in August 2008; and the largest Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact in history was signed.

During his tenure, Green helped craft the Millennium Challenge Act, which expanded America's commitment to invest in developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms.[26] He worked to enact the Global Access to HIV/AIDS Prevention, Awareness and Treatment Act of 2001 and the U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Act.[27] He worked on legislation covering policy areas like international terrorism and human trafficking. In 2005, Green worked with the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, the International Republican Institute and the State Department as an election observer in Kenya. He also traveled to West Africa with the Academy for Educational Development, Oxfam and Save the Children to work on programs related to women's health and education.

Foundation work[edit]

Green was a director of the policy center of Malaria No More, a global effort to eliminate malaria.[25]

He served as a senior director of the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition (USGLC) from 2011 until his appointment in 2017. USGLC is a foreign policy foundation that describes itself as "a broad-based influential network of over 500 businesses and NGOs; national security and foreign policy experts; and business, faith-based, academic, military, and community leaders in all 50 states who support strategic investments to elevate development and diplomacy alongside defense in order to build a better, safer world".[28]

He served as President and CEO of Initiative for Global Development, a nonprofit organization aimed at reducing world poverty, from 2013-2014.[29]

Administrator of USAID[edit]

Nomination[edit]

In May 2017, Green was nominated by President Donald Trump to lead the United States Agency for International Development. His nomination was backed by aid organizations and politicians, with The Guardian writing that Green "is well regarded and known for his bipartisan approach to foreign assistance".[5]

Personal life[edit]

Mark and Susan (née Keske) Green wed on August 5, 1985, and have three children. Green and his wife served as volunteer teachers in Kenya with WorldTeach in 1987 and 1988, and while in Africa, visited rural areas of neighboring countries.[25]

Electoral history[edit]

Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Doyle (Incumbent) 1,139,115 52.8 +7.7
Republican Mark Green 979,427 45.3

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ambassador Mark Green". International Republican Institute. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  2. ^ "Trump nominates former ambassador to head USAID". The Hill. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  3. ^ "President Donald J. Trump Announces Key Additions to his Administration". The White House. May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  4. ^ "USAID Administrator Mark Green Welcome Remarks to Employees - Press Release - U.S. Agency for International Development". www.usaid.gov. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Hodal, Kate (May 18, 2017). "George W Bush's man in Africa handed tough challenge by Donald Trump". The Guardian. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  6. ^ End Game, Milwaukee Magazine, October 2005
  7. ^ a b c "News from the Associate Press Candidates". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  8. ^ Mark Green, legistorm.com
  9. ^ Mark Green, bioguide.congress.gov
  10. ^ "Mark Green's Ratings and Endorsements". Vote Smart. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  11. ^ "Wilson, Green Announce Victory in Iraq Caucus". June 30, 2005. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  12. ^ Marc Kaufman, "Missing Tourists as Reprisal Victims? Laotian Refugees in U.S. Suspect Disappearance of Hmong Men Was No Accident" The Washington Post, November 29, 1999.
  13. ^ Frederic J. Frommer, "U.S. ambassador pushes ahead with trade deal for Laos", Associated Press, September 5, 2003.
  14. ^ James Morrison, "Loss in Laos", The Washington Times, November 12, 2003.
  15. ^ Frommer, Frederic J., "Concern for Hmong in Laos Kohl, Feingold Seek U.N. Probe", The Capital Times, Madison, Wisconsin, March 23, 2004.
  16. ^ "Welcome, Ambassador Green – USGLC". Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  17. ^ "H. Rept. 107-373 - Two Strikes and You're Out Child Protection Act". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  18. ^ Bowater, Britney (2008). "Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006: Is There a Better Way to Tailor the Sentences for Juvenile Sex Offenders?". Catholic University Law Review. 57 (3): 836. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  19. ^ "Doyle says death penalty bill would never get to him". WMTV. Associated Press. November 1, 2006. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  20. ^ "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, H.R." On The Issues. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  21. ^ Dave Umhoefer (March 24, 2006), "Walker bows out of race", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
  22. ^ Andy Franken (September 21, 2006), "September 2006 Primary Election", The Hamilton Consulting Group
  23. ^ "Headlines: COS - Tanzania: Diplomacy: Green Bay Press-Gazette: Dodd puts hold on Mark Green's nomination for US ambassador to Tanzania". Peace Corps Online. June 27, 2007. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  24. ^ Ellen Ferguson (August 4, 2007). "Senate confirms Green nomination". Green Bay Press Gazette.
  25. ^ a b c Gilbert, Craig (February 11, 2009). "Former lawmaker Mark Green finds niche fighting malaria in Africa". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  26. ^ Adams, Ramona (May 11, 2017). "International Republican Institute's Mark Green to Be Nominated USAID Administrator". ExecutiveGov. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  27. ^ "Amb. Mark Green". HuffPost. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  28. ^ "Our Mission". U.S. Global Leadership Coalition. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  29. ^ Initiative for Global Development. "Ambassador Mark Green Named President & CEO of Initiative for Global Development", January 23, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jay Johnson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 8th congressional district

1999–2007
Succeeded by
Steve Kagen
Party political offices
Preceded by
Scott McCallum
Republican nominee for Governor of Wisconsin
2006
Succeeded by
Scott Walker
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Michael Retzer
United States Ambassador to Tanzania
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Alfonso Lenhardt
Political offices
Preceded by
Gayle Smith
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development
2017–present
Incumbent