Maserati Coupé

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Maserati Coupé and Spyder
2004MaseratiSpyder.jpg
2004 Maserati Spyder
Overview
Manufacturer Maserati
Also called Maserati 4200 GT
Production Coupé, Spyder: 2001–07
GranSport: 2004–07
Model years Coupé, Spyder: 2002–07
GranSport: 2005–07
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro ItalDesign
Enrico Fumia (Interiors)
Body and chassis
Class Grand tourer (S)
Body style 2-door, 4 seat coupé
2-door, 2 seat roadster
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 4.2 L Ferrari/Maserati F136 R V8
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed Cambiocorsa electrohydraulic manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase Coupé: 2,660 mm (105 in)
Spyder: 2,440 mm (96 in)
Length Coupé: 4,523 mm (178 in)
Spyder: 4,303 mm (169 in)
Width 1,822 mm (72 in)
Height 1,305 mm (51 in)
Kerb weight Coupé: 1,670–1,680 kg (3,682–3,704 lb)
Spyder: 1,720–1,730 kg (3,792–3,814 lb)
GranSport: 1,680 kg (3,704 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Maserati 3200 GT
Successor Maserati GranTurismo

The Maserati Coupé and Spyder (Tipo M138) are grand tourers[1][2] produced by Italian automaker Maserati from 2001 to 2007. They have now been replaced by the GranTurismo.[3] The two nameplates refer to the four-seater coupé and two-seater roadster versions, respectively. Both models were based on the 3200 GT,[4][5] which was sold in Europe, but not in the United States. Due to the confusing nature of the names "Maserati Coupé" and "Maserati Spyder" (which could refer to any coupé or convertible Maserati has made) the Coupé and Spyder are both commonly referred to as the 4200 GT,[6][7] which is an evolution of the prior model name and a reference to the increase in engine displacement from 3.2 L (3,217 cc) to 4.2 L (4,244 cc).[8]

The Spyder was first unveiled to the public at the 2001 Frankfurt Auto Show with the Coupé's debut following shortly thereafter at the 2002 Detroit Auto Show.[9] Sales in the United States began in March 2002 for the Spyder and in May for the Coupé.[10] The release of the Spyder heralded Maserati's return to the North American market after an 11-year hiatus. Almost as soon as it was introduced, the Spyder was selected by Forbes as the Best GT for 2001.[2]

The Coupé and Spyder were designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign, who also designed the Maserati Ghibli,[11] and the later mid-engine 1971 supercar Maserati Bora. Interiors design was commissioned to Enrico Fumia[12] and based heavily on 3200 GT interiors, restyled in 1999. The cars were built at the Viale Ciro Menotti plant in Modena, Italy. In total, 13,423 cars were produced of all versions.

Design[edit]

Maserati Coupé

The Maserati Coupé is a true four-seater capable of comfortably seating two adults in the back.[6][13] It has a wheelbase of 2,660 mm (105 in) which is about three inches longer than a Jaguar XK8 and 12 in (305 mm) longer than a 996 Series Porsche 911.[4] Overall vehicle length is 4,523 mm (178 in), width is 1,822 mm (72 in), and height is 1,305 mm (51 in). Total curb weight is 1,670–1,680 kg (3,682–3,704 lb).[4]

The Maserati Spyder is a soft-top convertible and features a top that is electronically operated by a pushbutton on the center console. The top automatically stows beneath a hard cover that sits flush with the body in front of the boot. Both deployment and stowage of the top takes about 30 seconds.[14] Arch-type roll bars are provided behind each seat. The Spyder's 2,440 mm (96 in) wheelbase is 220 mm (9 in) shorter than the Coupé's. Overall length is 4,303 mm (169 in), width 1,822 mm (72 in), and height 1,305 mm (51 in). Curb weight is 1,720–1,730 kg (3,792–3,814 lb).[15]

In late 2004 the Coupé and Spyder underwent a very slight facelift.[16] This meant a new, somewhat larger grille with its lower edge pulled somewhat lower into the lower lip of the front bumper. The Spyder also got a glass rear window in 2003 instead of the standard plastic material. The new grille also features horizontal bars, while the 1963 style oval Maserati logo now mounted on the C-pillars, and a new air outlet (as per GranSport versions) featured on the lower rearmost sides.[17]

Coupé/Spyder/GranSport production figures
Model Years GT Cambiocorsa 90th Ann MC Victory Total
Spyder 2001–2007 574 3,134 181 3,889
Coupé 2002–2007 1,078 5,371 6,449
GranSport 2004–2007 2,432 181 2,613
GranSport Spyder 2005–2007 472 472
Total 1,652 11,409 181 181 13,423

Equipment[edit]

The Maserati Coupé and Spyder utilize the same vehicle systems – engine, transmission, suspension, and interior driver and front passenger controls and safety equipment. Their performance specifications are almost identical, with some reviewers claiming that the Coupé has better performance due to its lesser weight and more rigid body structure,[1] while others measured faster performance from the Spyder.[4] Both models came standard with 18 inch alloy wheels that originally had a 15-spoke design, but after 2003 most buyers chose the optional 7-spoke sport wheels which became standard by 2005.[18] Maserati offered sixteen exterior colours, ten shades of leather interior[19] along with the ability to select among colours for various interior details such as the piping and stitching used.[20] Five colors for the Spyder's convertible top were also offered.[19]

Engine[edit]

Maserati V8 Engine

Both models utilize the F136 R V8 belonging to the Ferrari/Maserati F136 engine family; it displaces 4244 cc engine and develops 390 PS (287 kW; 385 hp) at 7,000 rpm with a peak torque of 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm.[21]

Significant changes from the prior 3200 GT engine were the larger displacement resulting from an increased cylinder bore diameter and the move to a naturally aspirated intake that replaced the twin-turbo approach Maserati had used for the previous 20 years, fundamentally because the powertrain is now Ferrari based.[22][23] The engine operates at a compression ratio of 11.1:1 with the cylinders configured in a 90° V8. The cylinder bore diameter is 92 mm (3.62 in) and piston stroke length is 80 mm (3.15 in).[21] The engine shares many of the design features of modern racing engines, including dry sump lubrication, a pump assembly located outside the crankcase, and four valves per cylinder.[24] The 32-valve DOHC utilizes chain-driven, twin-overhead camshafts that provide valve actuation in less than 0.15 seconds, with the intake cams being controlled by variable valve timing.[25] The crankcase and cylinder heads are made from an aluminum and silicon alloy, giving the engine a relatively light weight of 184 kg (406 lb).[1]

Transmission[edit]

The manual transmission is a six-speed that was available either as a GT or CC (Cambiocorsa) using paddle shifters. The GT version utilizes a foot operated clutch, whereas the Cambiocorsa (Italian, meaning "race change")[26][27] is an electrohydraulic manual transmission that uses a Formula One-type gearbox with hydraulic operation and electronic management operated by F1-style paddles behind the steering wheel, similar to the system used in Ferrari vehicles.[28] The system allows the driver to choose between four different operating modes: Normal, Sport, Auto and Low Grip. Each of these programs is selected by means of console-mounted buttons, corresponding to different types of operating mode. By switching between the Normal and Sport modes, the driver can select between different electronic stability control settings and, if installed, different active suspension settings.[28] Normal mode provides a more comfortable ride, whereas Sport mode stiffens up the suspension and provides fast gear shifts of around a quarter of a second.[26][29] Automatic mode electronically handles shifting of the transmission, but allows the driver to rapidly revert to manual using the F1-style paddles.[28] The Low Grip, or Ice mode, allows for smooth starting and gear changes on snow and ice.

The transmission gearbox is of transaxle type and located at the rear of the vehicle and is integrated in with the differential, unlike it's predecessor the 3200 GT. This gives both the Coupé and Spyder a 48/52% weight distribution between the front and rear axles.[28]

Suspension[edit]

The Maserati Coupé and Spyder both have a light alloy double wishbone suspension. The rear suspension is fitted with a toe-in regulator bar which enhances the precision of the drive train and provides balanced cornering. The front suspension layout incorporates “anti-dive” features to prevent nose-diving when braking. The suspension system is completed by front and rear anti-roll bars.[30][31]

Perhaps the most highly regarded option is a computer-controlled suspension damping system called "Skyhook".[32] This adaptive damping system uses coil-over shock absorbers and a set of six accelerometers that continually monitor the movement of the wheels and car body and transmits this information to a control unit.[33] The vehicle's computer analyzes this data and coordinates it with the Cambiocorsa transmission and other Maserati safety systems. Skyhook then calculates, and recalculates, the data at least 40 times per second and instantaneously adjusts each shock absorber accordingly.[34] When placed in the Sport mode, the suspension firms up for better cornering.

Safety[edit]

Both vehicles are equipped with front and side driver and passenger airbags as well as seat belt pre-tensioners.[35] Driving stability is provided by Maserati Stability Program (MSP) which became standard on the 2004 models and controls the engine and brakes to help the driver control the vehicle in extreme driving situations.[36] The MSP system integrates four different vehicle systems - the anti-slip regulation traction control (ASR), the motor spin regulation (MSR), electronic brake force distribution (EBD), and anti-lock braking system (ABS).[36][37] The wheels employ a high-performance Brembo braking system with light alloy four-piston calipers and cross-drilled large ventilating discs.[38]

Interior[edit]

The Coupé and Spyder came standard with an information center that combines audio and climate controls.[39] An optional GPS navigation system and hands-free GSM phone were also available as options integrated into the info center.[40][41] Additional optional equipment includes xenon headlights, upgraded audio system and CD changer, electrochromic rear view mirror, rear parking sensors, seat heaters, and cruise control.[42] Various interior trim packages were offered, including a leather headliner featuring a grosgrain pattern, and either a carbon fibre kit or Briar wood kit sporting wood portions of the steering wheel, door trim, and shifter.[20] Purchasers could even order custom Maserati luggage, made to match their car's interiors.[43]

Model Years Displacement Peak power Peak torque Top speed Accel.
0–100 km/h
Spyder 2001–2007 4,244 cc (259.0 cu in) 390 PS (287 kW; 385 hp) at 7000 rpm 451 N⋅m (333 lb⋅ft) at 4500 rpm 283 km/h (176 mph) 5 s
Coupé 2002–2007 285 km/h (177 mph) 4.9 s
GranSport 2004–2007 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) at 7000 rpm 452 N⋅m (333 lb⋅ft) at 4500 rpm 290 km/h (180 mph) 4.85 s
GranSport Spyder 2005–2007 290 km/h (180 mph) 4.95 s

Maserati GranSport[edit]

2006 GranSport Spyder
Interior

The Maserati GranSport is a sportier version of the Coupé that was first unveiled at the March 2004 Geneva Motor Show.[44] It featured improved aerodynamics, retuned suspension, engine and transmission, and a sportier interior. An open-top GranSport Spyder with similar modifications was introduced a year later, at the September 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show.[45]

Maserati Gransport

It was powered by the same 4,244 cc, dry sump, 90° V8 petrol engine used on the Coupé and Spyder. However, the engine develops 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) at 7,000 rpm due primarily to a different exhaust system and improvements on the intake manifolds and valve seats.[46] Only the six-speed Cambiocorsa paddle shift transmission was offered, and was recalibrated for quicker shifts. The exhaust, equipped with bypass valves, was also specially tuned to "growl" on start-up and full throttle.[47] The GranSport used the Skyhook active suspension, with a 10 mm (0.4 in) lower ride height. Other than height, the exterior dimensions and curb weight were unchanged from the Cambiocorsa Coupé and Spyder.[48] The GranSport had a claimed top speed of 290 km/h (180 mph), and a 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) acceleration time of 4.85 seconds.[49] Many GranSports have achieved faster times in real world conditions.

The higher top speed was reached thanks to a taller sixth gear ratio and more aerodynamic body cladding. New bumpers, side skirts, rear lip spoiler and underbody panels lowered the drag coefficient by 0.02 to 0.33[49] and simultaneously reduced lift.[50] Chrome mesh grilles to the front and rear bumpers, and "Trofeo"-design 19-inch wheels with trident-shaped spokes were other distinguishing exterior features. Inside the GranSport was fitted with wide, highly contoured sport seats, which required a slimmer centre console (constructed in carbon fibre) and elastic door pockets. Carbon fibre was also used to for the dashboard trim and on the new thick-rimmed steering wheel. On the coupé, the upholstery materials were leather and technical cloth (in black, Nickel Gray or Metal Blue) on the seat centres, backs and dashboard fascia;[49] the Spyder had an all-leather interior. Seven paint colours were available: solid Giallo Granturismo and Rosso Mondiale, metallic Nero Carbonio, Blu Mediterraneo, Grigio Alfieri and Grigio Touring, and special triple-layer white Bianco Fuji.

Media related to Maserati GranSport at Wikimedia Commons

Maserati Trofeo[edit]

An original Maserati Trofeo
A Maserati Trofeo GranSport at the International Geneva Motorshow

The Maserati Trofeo is a racing version of the Coupé that was introduced in 2003. It utilizes the stock engine that provides 420 PS (309 kW; 414 hp) due to a revised engine mapping and a modified free-flowing exhaust that uses a baffle-free muffler.[51][52] Vehicle weight was reduced by 550 lb (249.5 kg) as a result of many stock components being stripped out: soundproofing, air conditioning, and the leather interior were left out,[51] with the regular seats being replaced by racing seats.[52] Carbon-fibre doors and hood replace the street car's steel components, and plexiglass replaces the side window glass.[51] The result is a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 4.0 seconds. A Trofeo racing series was organized for enthusiasts, with a per-race rental charge of about USD$20,000.[52] For season 2005 Coupé-based Trofeo was updated and since based on GranSport model.


A Trofeo Light (or simply the Maserati Light) was also developed for use in various national and international racing series, including the Italian GT Championship, Rolex Sports Car Series, and FIA GT3 European Championship. It is distinguishable from the Trofeo by having a wider flared wheel-arches with air-exhaust behind front wheels and wider rear spoiler.

Media related to Maserati Trofeo at Wikimedia Commons

Special editions[edit]

Maserati Coupe with Vintage package

The Maserati Coupé and Spyder special editions are primarily exterior trim packages that were only offered for certain model years or on a limited number of vehicles. They include:

  • 2004 'Spyder 90th Anniversary'[53][54]
  • GranSport 'Limited Edition'
  • 2006 GranSport 'MC Victory'[55][56]
  • 2006 GranSport 'Contemporary Classic'
  • 2007 GranSport 'Maserati and Cornes 10th Anniversary'

Also, in 2004, a Vintage trim package was introduced. It includes chrome air-exhaust vents in the front fenders, a new polished wheel design, silver-finished brake calipers, and chrome door handles.[14] The front fender vents were intended to evoke those of the 1957 Maserati 3500 GT.

A 2004 Coupé 90th Anniversary edition was announced,[57][58] but apparently never produced.

The '90th Anniversary Spyder' was shown in late 2004 and produced in the limited number of 90 cars for North America and another 90 cars for the rest of the world.[59] 15 were in right-hand drive, mainly for Britain.[53] It is based on the GranSport Spyder (without power upgrades), and may be recognized by its oval Maserati badge on the front fender, titanium colored brake calipers, grey headlamp housings and a special interior featuring large amounts of blue carbon fiber. The headrests also received aerodynamic fairings behind the rollover bars.

The 'MC Victory' edition features carbon fibre body panels and interior trim, and was unveiled at the 2006 Geneva Motor Show to celebrate the racing success of the Maserati MC12.[56][60] Only 181 cars were made.[61]

Limited Edition, destined for US market is recognizable for the “Saetta” logo featuring the Trident with red accents and oval Maserati badges on front fenders.

GranSport 'Maserati and Cornes 10th Anniversary', 35 units made to commemorate 10th anniversary of Japanese importer Cornes & Co. and Maseratis cooperation.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mitani, Sam. "Maserati Coupe". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  2. ^ a b Frank, Michael. "Best Cars of 2001". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  3. ^ DeLorenzo, Matt. "Maserati GranTurismo". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d Pund, Daniel. "2003 Maserati Coupe – First Drive Review". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  5. ^ Lorio, Joe. "2002 Maserati Coupe". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  6. ^ a b "Maserati 4200GT". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  7. ^ "The 2002 Detroit Auto Show". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  8. ^ "Maserati Engines". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  9. ^ "Maserati: The History". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  10. ^ Frank, Michael (2002-02-18). "Bentornata, Maserati!". Forbes. Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  11. ^ Frank, Michael. "Maserati Is Back!". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  12. ^ "Fumiadesign". fumiadesign.com. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  13. ^ Gorzelany, Jim; de Paula, Matthew. "Practical Exotic Car". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  14. ^ a b Stone, Matt. "Road Test: 2004 Maserati Spyder Vintage". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  15. ^ "The New Maseratis". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  16. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. 2006. p. 140. 
  17. ^ "Facelift Maserati: Marginale Modellpflege" [Maserati facelift: Marginal upgrade]. AutoBild (in German). 2004-08-02. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  18. ^ "The 2005 Maserati Coupé and Spyder". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  19. ^ a b "Cauley Maserati Color Selector". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  20. ^ a b "Interior finish". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  21. ^ a b "Coupé Cambiocorsa". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  22. ^ "Maserati Coupe (2002-) Review". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  23. ^ "Maserati Spyder (2002-) Review". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  24. ^ "Maserati Spyder". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  25. ^ "Maserati Coupé". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  26. ^ a b Kott, Douglas. "Maserati Spyder Cambiocorsa". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  27. ^ "Cambiocorsa: Driver Focused". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Maserati Coupe Gearbox Technology". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  29. ^ "Maserati Spyder Cambiocorsa". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  30. ^ "Maserati Coupe Suspension Technology". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  31. ^ "The 2004 Maserati Coupe". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  32. ^ "The New Maserati Coupe". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  33. ^ Bornhop, Andrew. "Maserati Coupe Cambiocorsa". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  34. ^ "Skyhook Suspension". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  35. ^ "The 2004 Maserati Coupe". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  36. ^ a b "The 2004 Maserati Coupe". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  37. ^ "2004 Maerati Coupé New Car Buyer's Guide". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  38. ^ "Maserati Coupe Brake Technology". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  39. ^ Stepler, Richard. "Maserati Turns Heads Again". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  40. ^ "Maserati GPS radio-navigator". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  41. ^ "Maserati GSM Telephone". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  42. ^ "Maserati Coupe Optionals". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  43. ^ "Maserati Custom Luggage Set". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  44. ^ "Factfile - Maserati Gransport". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  45. ^ "Maserati Gransport Spyder open for business". motoring.com.au. 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  46. ^ Gorzelany, Jim; de Paula, Matthew. "Additional Elegance". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  47. ^ Hutton, Ray. "Maserati GranSport - First Drive Review". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  48. ^ "2007 Maserati GranSport". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  49. ^ a b c Lago, Alessandro (2004-03-01). "Maserati Coupé GranSport". omniauto.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  50. ^ Markus, Frank (2005-01-27). "First drive: Maserati Gransport". motortrend.com. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  51. ^ a b c "Maserati Trofeo - Car News". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  52. ^ a b c Stone, Matt. "Road Test: Maserati Trofeo". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  53. ^ a b Couture, Justin. "2005 Maserati 90th Anniversary Spyder Preview". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  54. ^ "Maserati Releases Limited Edition Spyder". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  55. ^ "Driving The New GranSport MC Victory". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  56. ^ a b "2006 Maserati GranSport MC Victory". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  57. ^ "2004 Maserati Coupe 90th Anniversary Edition". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  58. ^ "A Maserati Worth Waiting 90 Years For - The Limited Edition Anniversary". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  59. ^ "Spyder 90th Anniversary". maserati.us/Spyder 90th Anniversary. Retrieved 2012-04-08. 
  60. ^ Lorio, Joe. "2007 Maserati GranSport MC Victory". Archived from the original on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  61. ^ "GranSport MC Victory". maserati.us/GranSport MC Victory. Retrieved 2012-04-08. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Holmes, Mark (2007). Ultimate Convertibles: Roofless Beauty. London: Kandour. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-1-905741-62-5. 

External links[edit]