McGuire Nuclear Station
|McGuire Nuclear Station|
McGuire Nuclear Station from Lake Norman
|Location||Mecklenburg County, near Huntersville, North Carolina|
|Construction began||April 1, 1971|
|Commission date||Unit 1: December 1, 1981|
Unit 2: March 1, 1984
|Construction cost||$4 billion (2007 USD)|
|Nuclear power station|
|Cooling source||Lake Norman|
|Units operational||2 × 1158 MW|
|Make and model||WH 4-loop (ICECND)|
|Thermal capacity||2 × 3411 MWth|
|Nameplate capacity||2316 MW|
|Capacity factor||92.65% (2017)|
|Annual net output||18,796 GWh (2017)|
The McGuire Nuclear Station is a nuclear power plant located about 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Charlotte, North Carolina, on the state's largest lake, Lake Norman. It is a 32,500-acre (13,200 ha) lake created in 1963 by Duke Power for the Cowans Ford Hydroelectric Station. The McGuire units use the lake's water for cooling.
This plant has two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors and has a capability to produce 2,250 megawatts of net power, with a net generation of 17,514 GW·h in 2005. This represents 44% of the total nuclear power generation for the state of North Carolina.
The original operating licenses' dates of expiration were 2021-06-12 for Unit 1 and 2023-03-03 for Unit 2. In 2003, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) renewed the licenses for both reactors for an additional twenty years.
The NRC defines two emergency planning zones around nuclear power plants: a plume exposure pathway zone with a radius of 10 miles (16 km), concerned primarily with exposure to, and inhalation of, airborne radioactive contamination, and an ingestion pathway zone of about 50 miles (80 km), concerned primarily with ingestion of food and liquid contaminated by radioactivity.
The 2010 U.S. population within 10 miles (16 km) of McGuire was 199,869, an increase of 66.8 percent in a decade, according to an analysis of U.S. Census data for msnbc.com. The 2010 U.S. population within 50 miles (80 km) was 2,850,782, an increase of 23.3 percent since 2000. Cities within 50 miles include Charlotte (17 miles to city center).
The McGuire Nuclear Station uses ice condensers as part of its emergency containment systems. A nuclear plant ice condenser is a passive, static heat sink that relies on large quantities of ice to mitigate severe accidents. Ice condensers are designed to limit pressure in the event of an accidental steam release. This design allows smaller containment structures and reduced material requirements. 
Stator replacement project
During 2014 McGuire Nuclear Station powered down one of its units to undergo a routine refueling outage, critical to the operation of the plant. This outage was particularly significant because McGuire performed a major evolution – the replacement of a generator stator. The stator is part of the electric generator and is among the largest and heaviest components in the plant, weighing approximately 1.2 million pounds. The work was carried out by Siemens Energy Inc. The lifting contractor was Sarens who used a structural temporary lifting system to remove the existing Stator and install the new Stator. A specialist engineering company named Lowther-Rolton performed a "Technical Audit" of the lifting and installation engineering to ensure safety of operations. Lowther-Rolton were the original developers of the Technical Audit system for load movement operations.
- "EIA - State Nuclear Profiles". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- "North Carolina Nuclear Industry". Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- Charlotte Observer article on the death of William McGuire Archived 2012-08-20 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Retrieved August 16, 2012
- "NRC Renews Licenses for Catawba and McGuire Nuclear Power Plants for an Additional 20 Years". Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). December 5, 2003. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 2, 2006. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- Bill Dedman, Nuclear neighbors: Population rises near US reactors, msnbc.com, April 14, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42555888/ns/us_news-life/ Accessed May 1, 2011.
- Bill Dedman, "What are the odds? US nuke plants ranked by quake risk," msnbc.com, March 17, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42103936/ Accessed April 19, 2011.
- Official Site From Duke Energy
- "McGuire Nuclear Power Plant, North Carolina". Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). October 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "McGuire 1 Pressurized Water Reactor". Operating Nuclear Power Reactors. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "McGuire 2 Pressurized Water Reactor". Operating Nuclear Power Reactors. NRC. February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-17.