Dendropicos

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Dendropicos
Male Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens).jpg
Dendropicos fuscescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Subfamily: Picinae
Genus: Dendropicos
Malherbe, 1849
Species

see text

Dendropicos is a genus of woodpeckers in the Picidae family that are native to Africa.

The genus Dendropicos formerly contained several additional species. A 2015 molecular phylogenetic study that analysed nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences from pied woodpeckers found that Dendropicos was polyphyletic. In the rearranged genera the bearded, fire-bellied and yellow breasted woodpeckers were moved to Chloropicus while the Arabian woodpecker was moved to Dendrocoptes.[1][2] The taxonomic committee of the British Ornithologists' Union have recommended an alternative arrangement of species in which the genera Dendrocoptes and Leiopicus are combined into a larger Dendropicos.[3]

The name of the genus was introduced by the French ornithologist Alfred Malherbe in 1849.[4] The word Dendropicos is from the Greek dendron meaning tree and pikos for woodpecker.[5]

The genus contains the following 12 species:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.M. (2015). "A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini, Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28–37. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.016. 
  2. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Sangster, G.; et al. (2016). "Taxonomic recommendations for Western Palearctic birds: 11th report". Ibis 158 (1): 206–212. doi:10.1111/ibi.12322.  open access publication - free to read
  4. ^ Malherbe, Alfred (1849). "Nouvelle classification des picinée ou pics". Mémoires de l'Académie nationale de Metz (in French) 30: 316, 338. 
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.