Mill Hill East tube station
|Mill Hill East|
Location of Mill Hill East in Greater London
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||1|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Edgware, Highgate and London Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Northern Railway|
|Post-grouping||London and North Eastern Railway|
|1941||Opened (Northern line)|
|1962||Goods yard closed|
|Lists of stations|
Mill Hill East is a London Underground station in Mill Hill in the London Borough of Barnet, north London. The station is the terminus and only station of a single-track branch of the Northern line from Finchley Central station and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is the least used station on the Northern line with 1.29 million passengers in 2014.
The station was opened in 1867 as part of the Great Northern Railway's line between Finsbury Park and Edgware stations. As part of London Underground's only partially completed Northern Heights plan, main line passenger services ended in 1939 and Northern line trains started serving the station in 1941.
Mill Hill East station was built by the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway (EH&LR) on its line from Finsbury Park station to Edgware station. Before the line was opened it was purchased in July 1867 by the larger Great Northern Railway (GNR), whose main line from King's Cross ran through Finsbury Park on its way to Potters Bar and the north. The station, originally named Mill Hill, opened along with the railway to Edgware on 22 August 1867 in what was then rural Middlesex.
The line was built as a double track formation, but only a single track was laid, with the intention of doubling the track when traffic developed. When the GNR opened a branch from Finchley Central to High Barnet in April 1872, traffic on that section was greater and the second track between Finchley Central and Edgware was never laid. For most of its history the service between those two stations was operated as a shuttle.
After the 1921 Railways Act created the Big Four railway companies, the GNR became part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) in 1923. The station opened as Mill Hill and was given its present name on 1 March 1928.
Northern Heights project
In 1935, the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) announced a proposal, which became known as the Northern Heights project, to take over the LNER lines from Finsbury Park to Edgware, High Barnet and Alexandra Palace, and link them to both the Northern line at East Finchley and to the Northern City line at Finsbury Park.[n 1] Reconstruction of the line from Finchley Central to Edgware with double tracks began in 1938. The line and Mill Hill East station was closed for electrification on 11 September 1939.
Following the outbreak of the Second World War on 3 September 1939, completion of the works on the line was slowed. In order to provide a service to the nearby Inglis Barracks, works continued between Finchley Central and Mill Hill East. The station was also useful for workers building Halifax bombers at the new, disused Tube Depot at Aldenham, later to become London Transport's bus overhaul works. The station re-opened with electric Northern Line services on 18 May 1941. The planned second platform at Mill Hill East was not built and the service continued to operate over the single track line as before.[n 2]
After the war, plans to complete the Northern Heights project were reviewed but no work was carried out. Maintenance works and reconstruction of war damage on the existing network had the greatest call on London Underground funds. Funds for new works were severely limited and priority was given to the completion of the western and eastern extensions of the Central line to West Ruislip, Epping and Hainault. Despite being shown as under construction on underground maps as late as 1950,[n 3] work never restarted on the unimplemented parts of the Northern Heights project.[n 4]
As one of two EH&LR stations retaining its original buildings (with Finchley Central), it is one of the oldest parts of the Underground system, pre-dating the first tunnelled section of the Northern line (the City & South London Railway) by more than twenty years.[n 6]
Refurbishment of the station was carried out and completed in March 2007. Works included a new public address system along with improved passenger information systems. The refurbishment of the station and the platforms consisted of structural repairs, the re-decoration and re-tiling of walls and floors. There are now 17 CCTV cameras and 5 Help Points, which required over 11 km of new cable.
The station is in Travelcard Zone 4. With 1.29 million passengers in 2014, it is the least used station on the Northern line. As of October 2006[update] the Northern line service was a shuttle on the single track between Finchley Central and Mill Hill East, with the exception of peak-hour services. Direct weekend trains were discontinued on 20 May 2007. As of 2014[update] direct peak times trains operated to either Kennington (via Charing Cross) or Morden (via Bank).
Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but are generally every 11–15 minutes between 05:44 and 00:56 to Finchley Central, Kennington or East Finchley. During peak times train services are extended to Morden.
Notes and references
- At Edgware, the LNER's station was to be closed with the end of the line diverted into the Northern line's own Edgware station with an extension from there taking the line to Bushey Heath.
- The second track was laid as far as Mill Hill (The Hale), but was lifted when the work was halted in 1941.
- Shown as "under construction", the Northern Heights extensions appeared for the first time on Underground poster maps in 1937 and pocket maps in 1938. After the opening of the line to Mill Hill East, the uncompleted remainder of the works were removed from the map between 1943 and 1945. The Mill Hill East to Edgware and Edgware to Bushey Heath sections appeared on the map again from 1946 to 1949 and the Finsbury Park to Alexandra Palace section appeared from 1946 to 1950.
- The section of the extension between Brockley Hill and Bushey Heath was cancelled in October 1950, leaving the section between Edgware and Brockley Hill and the conversion of the line from Mill Hill East to Edgware to be decided. The announcement of its cancellation was finally made in February 1954.
- Freight services continued to Edgware until 1964.
- The City & South London Railway opened in 1890 between King William Street in the City of London and Stockwell in Lambeth.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. April 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- Beard 2002, p. 6.
- Butt 1995, p. 96.
- Harris 2001, p. 48.
- Wolmar 2005, p. 227.
- Beard 2002, p. 59.
- "Mill Hill East Station". Disused stations. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Beard 2002, p. 92.
- Rose 1999.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 140.
- Bownes, Green & Mullins 2012, p. 173.
- Beard 2002, pp. 56–57.
- "London Transport Underground Maps 1938–1945". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "London Transport Underground Maps 1946–1947". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "London Transport Underground Maps 1948–1956". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 152.
- Beard 2002, p. 126.
- Beard 2002, p. 127.
- Hardy 2011, pp. 175–183.
- "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- Transport for London (January 2016). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 January 2015.
- "Northern line timetable: From Mill Hill East Underground Station to Finchley Central Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Buses from Mill Hill East" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Mill Hill East Underground Station - Bus". Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- Beard, Tony (2002). By Tube Beyond Edgware. Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-246-7.
- Bownes, David; Green, Oliver; Mullins, Sam (2012). Underground: How the Tube Shaped London. Allen Lane. ISBN 978-1-84614-462-2.
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1.
- Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) . The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9.
- Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be - freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News. London Underground Railway Society (591). ISSN 0306-8617.
- Harris, Cyril M. (2001) . What's in a name? (4th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-241-2.
- Rose, Douglas (1999) . The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-219-1.
- Wolmar, Christian (2005) . The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-84354-023-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mill Hill East tube station.|
- Station information from Transport for London
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive Mill Hill station in 1944.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Abandoned Northern Heights Extension|
towards Bushey Heath
Line and station closed
|British Railways (Eastern Region)
Edgware, Highgate and London Railway
Line and station open