This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.
Listen to this article

Finchley Central tube station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Finchley Central London Underground
Finchley Central station.jpg
Finchley Central is located in Greater London
Finchley Central
Finchley Central
Location of Finchley Central in Greater London
Location Finchley
Local authority London Borough of Barnet
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 3
Accessible Yes[1]
Fare zone 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Decrease 5.33 million[2]
2014 Increase 5.68 million[2]
2015 Increase 5.78 million[2]
2016 Increase 6.95 million[2]
2017 Increase 7.20 million[2]
Railway companies
Original company Edgware, Highgate and London Railway
Pre-grouping Great Northern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
1867 Opened (GNR)
1872 Branch line opened (GNR)
1939 Closed (to Edgware)
1940 Started (Northern line)
1941 Ended (LNER)
1941 Started (to Mill Hill East)
1962 Goods yard closed (BR)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°36′04″N 0°11′33″W / 51.6011°N 0.1924°W / 51.6011; -0.1924Coordinates: 51°36′04″N 0°11′33″W / 51.6011°N 0.1924°W / 51.6011; -0.1924
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Finchley Central is a London Underground station in the Church End area of Finchley, north London. The station is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern line, between West Finchley and East Finchley stations, and is the junction for the short branch to Mill Hill East. The station is around 7 miles north-northwest of Charing Cross and is in Travelcard Zone 4.

The station was opened on 22 August 1867 as part of the Great Northern Railway's line between Finsbury Park and Edgware stations. As part of London Underground's Northern Heights plan, Northern line trains started serving the station in 1940 and main line passenger services ended in 1941.

History[edit]

Original station[edit]

A map shows a station with a few buildings nearby, but surrounded mostly by fields
Finchley Central station before the construction of the branch to High Barnet on an Ordnance Survey map

Finchley Central station was built by the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway (EH&LR) on its line from Finsbury Park to Edgware. As construction of the line was nearing completion and before it opened it was purchased in July 1867 by the larger Great Northern Railway (GNR), whose main line from King's Cross ran through Finsbury Park on its way to Potters Bar and the north.[3]

The station, originally named Finchley and Hendon, opened along with the railway to Edgware on 22 August 1867 in what was then rural Middlesex.[4][5] It was 7.05 miles (11.35 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross as the crow flies, and 7 miles 29 chains (11.8 km) from the GNR terminus at King's Cross.[6][7][n 1] A branch line from Finchley Central to High Barnet was constructed by the GNR and opened on 1 April 1872.[5] After the 1921 Railways Act created the Big Four railway companies, the GNR became part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) in 1923.[8] The station was renamed by the GNR twice: to Finchley on 1 February 1872 and Finchley (Church End) on 1 February 1894. It was given its current name on 1 April 1940.[4][9]

At the start of the 1930s the station had around 54 trains daily from High Barnet running to Finsbury Park and then either King's Cross, Moorgate or Broad Street. Trains between Finchley Central and Edgware typically operated as a shuttle, although some trains ran through to the terminals.[10][n 2]

Northern Heights plan[edit]

In 1935, the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) announced a proposal, which became known as the Northern Heights plan, to take over the LNER lines from Finsbury Park to Edgware, High Barnet and Alexandra Palace, and link them to the Northern line with new tunnels from the Northern line's terminus at Archway to East Finchley and to the Northern City line with a new surface connection between Drayton Park and Finsbury Park.[n 3] The line from Finchley Central to Edgware closed for electrification and reconstruction on 11 September 1939.[12][n 4]

The station was first served by electric Northern line trains on 14 April 1940 when the service was extended from East Finchley to High Barnet.[14] After a period where the station was serviced by both operators, LNER steam services were ended on 2 March 1941.[15] Following the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, completion of the electrification works on the line to Edgware was slowed and was completed only as far as Mill Hill East. Northern line services to Mill Hill East began on 18 May 1941 to serve the nearby Inglis Barracks.[15]

Postwar[edit]

A coloured map shows proposed new railway routes superimposed in red on a map of existing railway lines
New line from Finchley Central to Clapham Junction proposed in 1946

After the war, the plans to complete the Northern Heights works were reviewed but were not restarted. Maintenance works and reconstruction of war damage on the existing network had the greatest demand for LPTB funds. Funds for new works were severely limited and priority was given to the completion of the western and eastern extensions of the Central line to West Ruislip, Epping and Hainault.[16]

A government-commissioned review of rail transport in the London area produced a report in 1946 that proposed many new lines. It anticipated that completion of the Northern Heights works would put pressure on the Northern line's capacity and it proposed that a relief line should be considered for one or other of the two branches. One of these, designated Route 12B, was proposed to run as a tube line in tunnel from Finchley Central to Clapham Junction via Golders Green, St John's Wood, Baker Street, Knightsbridge and Sloane Square.[17]

Despite being shown as under construction on underground maps as late as 1950,[n 5] work never restarted on the unimplemented parts of the Northern Heights plan.[22][n 6] The proposal for Route 12B was also not developed by the LPTB or its successor organisations.[n 7]

Before the war, Charles Holden and Reginald Uren designed replacement station buildings to be built on both sides of the road bridge at the north end of the station. The curtailment of the Northern Heights Plan means that the rebuilding work was not implemented and the station still retains much of its original Victorian architectural character today.[25] As one of two EH&LR stations retaining its original buildings (the other is Mill Hill East), it is one of the oldest parts of the Underground system, pre-dating the first tunnelled section of the Northern line (the City & South London Railway) by more than twenty years.[n 8]

British Rail (the successor to the LNER) continued to operate goods trains from Finsbury Park to the station's goods yard until 1 October 1962, when it was closed.[26][n 9]

The station today[edit]

A view along a station platform. The main station building is to the right across a pair of tracks. A footbridge spans between the platforms.
Finchley Central station looking northwest from the island platform
A view through a red-brick archway of a bridge. A complex of railway tracks interconnected with points is in the foreground with a train in the distance
Junction north of station: ahead towards Mill Hill East, right towards West Finchley

The station has two entrances. The main one, in the original station building, is on the north side of the tracks in Chaville Way, an access road from the junction of Ballards Lane, Regents Park Road and Nether Street. The second entrance is to the south of the tracks in Station Road. The station is in a cutting and the two entrances are joined by a footbridge over the tracks from which stairs and lifts connect to the platforms. The station is accessible for disabled passengers travelling in both directions.[1]

The station has three platforms. Platforms 1 and 2, which share an island platform, are for northbound trains: platform 1 is used mainly by trains terminating at Finchley Central (and trains reverse using a reversing siding north of the station) or going to Mill Hill East; platform 2 is mainly used by trains going to High Barnet. Platform 3, a side platform, is for southbound trains.[28] All platforms have canopies at their northern ends. The station car park on the north side of the tracks occupies the site of the former goods yard.

Services and connections[edit]

The station is in Travelcard Zone 4, between West Finchley and East Finchley on the Northern line.[29] Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 3–7 minutes between 05:44 and 01:05 northbound to High Barnet and 05:31 and 01:15 southbound to Kennington (via Charing Cross) or Morden (via Bank).[30][31] Trains to Mill Hill East operate between 05:16 and 01:06 (except for peak hours and after 23.00 all trains operate as a shuttle between Finchley Central and Mill Hill East).[32][n 10]

London Bus routes 13, 125, 143, 326, 382 and 460, night route N20, and school routes 626 and 683 serve the station.[33]

Cultural references[edit]

A circular plaque on a brick wall with the words: "In memory of Harry Beck the originate of the distinctive London Underground map who lived near here and used the station regularly. The map is used by millions daily and has become recognised as a classic world-wide."
Plaque commemorating Harry Beck

The station features in the Finchley Central mind game, which in turn became the basis for the game Mornington Crescent in the BBC Radio 4 series I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue.[34]

The New Vaudeville Band's song "Finchley Central" reached No. 11 in the UK singles charts in 1967.[35][n 11]

Finchley Central was the station used in the 1930s by Harry Beck, designer of the original Tube map. There is a commemorative plaque on Platform 3, together with a facsimile enamel panel of Beck's iconic 1933 design.[37]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Railways in the United Kingdom are, for historical reasons, measured in miles and chains. There are 80 chains to the mile.
  2. ^ Trains to Moorgate ran to King's Cross York Road then used the City Widened Lines. Trains to Broad Street ran via the Canonbury curve and the North London Railway.
  3. ^ In 1938, services through Finchley Central station were planned to run between Bushey Heath and Kennington (via Charing Cross), High Barnet and Kennington (via Charing Cross) and High Barnet and Moorgate (via Finsbury Park).[11]
  4. ^ At Edgware, the LNER's station was to be closed with the end of the line diverted into the Northern line's own Edgware station, with an extension from there taking the line to Bushey Heath.[13]
  5. ^ Shown as "under construction", the Northern Heights extensions appeared for the first time on Underground poster maps in 1937 and pocket maps in 1938.[18][19] After the opening of the line to Mill Hill East, the uncompleted remainder of the works were removed from the map between 1943 and 1945.[19] The Mill Hill East to Edgware and Edgware to Bushey Heath sections appeared on the map again from 1946 to 1949 and the Finsbury Park to Alexandra Palace section appeared from 1946 to 1950.[20][21]
  6. ^ The section of the extension between Brockley Hill and Bushey Heath was cancelled in October 1950,[23] leaving the section between Edgware and Brockley Hill and the conversion of the line from Mill Hill East to Edgware to be decided. The announcement of its cancellation was finally made in February 1954.[24]
  7. ^ Of the twelve proposed routes, only Route 8, "A South to North Link - East Croydon to Finsbury Park" was developed, eventually becoming the Victoria line.
  8. ^ The City & South London Railway opened in 1890 between King William Street in the City of London and Stockwell in Lambeth.[14]
  9. ^ Goods services continued on the Edgware branch until 1964.[27]
  10. ^ Northern line trains consist of 1995 stock EMUs; calling at all stations.
  11. ^ The song appeared on an album of the same name. The sleeves of both featured artwork incorporating part of the London Underground map.[36] The singer recounts travelling from Golders Green to Finchley Central on the Northern line and waiting on the platform to meet a woman who does not arrive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 June 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Beard 2002, p. 6.
  4. ^ a b Butt 1995, p. 96.
  5. ^ a b "Northern Line - Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. 27 January 2015. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Deaves, Phil. "Engineer's Line References: ECM1 - King's Cross to Shaftholme Junction". Railway Codes. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Deaves, Phil. "Engineer's Line References: HBB - High Barnet Branch". Railway Codes. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 227.
  9. ^ Harris 2001, p. 28.
  10. ^ Horne 2009, p. 41.
  11. ^ Beard 2002, pp. 58–59.
  12. ^ Beard 2002, p. 92.
  13. ^ Beard 2002, p. 59.
  14. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  15. ^ a b Day & Reed 2010, p. 140.
  16. ^ Bownes, Green & Mullins 2012, p. 173.
  17. ^ Inglis 1946, pp. 17–18.
  18. ^ Beard 2002, pp. 56–57.
  19. ^ a b "London Transport Underground Maps 1938–1945". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "London Transport Underground Maps 1946–1947". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "London Transport Underground Maps 1948–1956". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  22. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 152.
  23. ^ Beard 2002, p. 126.
  24. ^ Beard 2002, p. 127.
  25. ^ "Gallery Search". ribapix.com. Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 2 October 2010. 
  26. ^ "Underground: The Journal of the London Underground Railway Society" (PDF) (12). December 1962: 7. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
  27. ^ "Highgate Station". Disused stations. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "Finchley Central Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  29. ^ Transport for London (December 2017). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2018. 
  30. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Finchley Central Underground Station to West Finchley Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  31. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Finchley Central Underground Station to East Finchley Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  32. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Finchley Central Underground Station to Mill Hill East Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  33. ^ "Buses from Finchley Central" (PDF). Transport for London. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  34. ^ Partington, Jonathan R. "Paradoxes and Unplayable Games". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  35. ^ "Finchley Central". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  36. ^ "The New Vaudeville Band – Finchley Central". Discogs. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  37. ^ Martin 2012, p. 202.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards High Barnet
Northern line
towards Morden or Kennington
Terminus